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Tuesday, 26 July 2011

Everything You Wanted To Know About Croatian Dog Breeds











This is an interesting addition on this blog that I've considered adding in the past. I was going to touch upon this cool fact when I was a moderator on another Croatian forum. The little known fact about Croatian dogs. Yep, dogs. Why dogs? Dogs are smart and actually have more common sense than alot of people I've come across. I've come across plenty of types in my time and I say that without a doubt dogs are more intelligent than many of them. Seriously, I'm sure there are a lot of people who agree with me about that, and maybe even just pets in general. (Think about it)  Now, not many people know that there are dogs indigenous to Croatia in the first place. Probably a lot of people have heard of the popular Croatian "Dalmatian" breed of dog, as mascots, in commercials, on advertisements and especially since the Disney animated film "101 Dalmatians". (It's actually the breed of dog I've planned on owning since I was a kid, however  I've only ever owned cats.  Still on my list though, dogs need extra room, care, walking, more food etc) Sadly, some people consider that movie to include nothing but evil Satanic Dalmatian dogs.

Anyway, back to reality and the history of Croatian dog breeds and other less well known breeds of dogs that are indigenous to Croatia. Some of them have even been celebrated by being featured on Croatian postal stamps, and even stamps of other countries. Here's just a few examples of stamps featuring the popular Dalmatian dog:




















There's lots of information one can find out about them on the internet, from owners, people who specialize in dog breeding as well as various dog clubs and kennels, so this is just a brief introduction. Click onto the attached links to find out a bit more, or find out whats going on in Croatia at the Croatian Kennel Club at www.hks.hr





Dalmatian (Hrvatski Dalmatinac)






Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalmatiandog


The Dalmatian (Croatian: Dalmatinac, Dalmatiner) is a breed of dog whose roots are often said to trace back to Dalmatia, a region of Croatia where the first illustrations of the dog have been found. The Dalmatian is noted for its unique black- or brown-spotted coat and was mainly used as a carriage dog in its early days. Today, this dog remains a well loved family pet and many dog enthusiasts enter their pets into the competitions of many kennel clubs.

Body

Dalmatians are a mid-sized, well defined, muscular dog with excellent endurance and stamina. When full grown, these dogs' weight normally ranges between 35 to 70 pounds (16 to 32 kg) and they stand anywhere from 19 to 24 inches (48 to 61 cm), with males usually slightly larger than females. The body is as long from forechest to buttocks as it is tall at the withers, and shoulders are laid back. The Dalmatians' feet are round with well arched toes and nails are usually white or the same color as the dog's spots. Their thin ears taper towards the tip and set fairly high and close to the head. Eye color varies between brown, amber, or blue with some dogs having one blue eye and one brown eye, or other combinations.

Coat

Dalmatian puppies are born with a plain white coat, and their first spots usually appear within a week after birth. After about a month the Dalmatian has most of its spots although they continue to develop throughout life at a much slower rate. Spots usually range in size of a quarter to a half-dollar and are most commonly black or brown (called liver-spots) on a white background. Other more rare colors include blue (a blue-grayish color), brindle, mosaic, tri-colored (with tan spotting on the eyebrows, cheeks, legs, and chest), and orange or lemon (dark to pale yellow). Patches of color appear anywhere on the body, mostly on the head or ears, and are usually consist of a solid color.


The Dalmatian coat is usually short, fine, and dense although smooth-coated Dalmatians occasionally produce long-coated offspring which shed less often. They shed considerably as well as year-round. The short, stiff hairs often weave into clothing, upholstery and nearly any other kind of fabric and can be difficult to remove. Weekly grooming with a hound mitt or curry can lessen the amount of hair that Dalmatians shed although nothing can completely prevent shedding. Due to the minimal amount of oil in their coat, Dalmatians lack a "dog" smell and stay fairly clean.





Croatian postal stamp.



Temperament

Dalmatians are intelligent, playful, loyal and active dogs. They usually get along well with other animals, notably horses, and are great companions. Dalmatians are high energy dogs and love to play and romp outdoors, although they also enjoy lounging with their owners. Some dogs, if cooped up, can become aggressive and some have been known to attack smaller breeds of dog when attempting to 'play' with them. In most cases this only shows up in a tendency to bark, often just for play. If shown love and companionship from a young age Dalmatians will be loyal and affectionate.

Uses

The Dalmatian is often used a rescue dog, guardian, athletic partner, and most often an active family member.  Dalmatians are a very active, high maintenance breed. Pet owners should be willing to put extra time and effort into the care of this dog versus others. Dalmatians normally have a big appetite and will eat whatever is put in front of them so pet owners should carefully control food intake.This fun loving breed is very easily trained and rarely aggressive, and owners should find it relatively simple to train their dogs to participate in activities such as jogging, horse back riding, agility, flyball, and common dog tricks. Dalmatians need plenty of exercise otherwise they may develop anxieties , but if given ample room to run and romp 30 to 40 minutes daily this should be sufficient.






 Dalmatian puppy




Health

Like other breeds, Dalmatians display a propensity towards certain health problems. Hip dysplasia (which affects only 4.6% of purebred Dalmatians) is not a major issue in this breed. The Dalmatian Club of America lists the average lifespan of a Dalmatian at between 11 and 13 years, although some can live as long as 15 to 16 years.  Breed health surveys in the US and UK shows an average lifespan of 9.9 years and 11.55 year respectively.  In their late teens, both males and females may suffer bone spurs and arthritic conditions. Autoimmune thyroiditis is a relatively common condition for the breed affecting 10.4% of dogs.





A scene from the popular Disney animated film "101 Dalmatians" (In Croatian)






 Deafness

A genetic predisposition for deafness is a serious health problem for Dalmatians, only approximately 70% of Dalmatians having normal hearing. Deafness was not recognized by early breeders, so the breed was thought to be unintelligent. Even after recognizing the problem as a genetic fault, breeders did not understand the dog's nature, and deafness in Dalmatians continues to be a frequent problem.

Researchers now know that deafness in albino and piebald animals is caused by the absence of mature melanocytes in the inner ear. This may affect one or both ears. The condition is also common in other canine breeds that share a genetic propensity for light pigmentation. This includes, but is not limited to bull terriers, Poodles, boxers, border collies and Great Danes.

There is an accurate test called the BAER test, which can determine if the defect is present. Puppies can be tested beginning at five weeks of age. BAER testing is the only way of detecting unilateral deafness, and reputable breeders test their dogs prior to breeding.








Only dogs with bilateral hearing should be allowed to breed although those with unilateral hearing, and even dogs with bilateral deafness, make fine pets with appropriate training. Research shows that Dalmatians with large patches of color present at birth have a lower rate of deafness, and breeding for this trait, which is currently prohibited in the breed standard, might reduce the frequency of deafness in the breed. One of the leading reasons patches are a disqualifying factor in Dalmatians is to preserve the much prized spotted coat (the continual breeding of patched dogs would result in heavily patched Dalmatians with few spots).

Research concludes that blue-eyed Dalmatians have a greater incidence of deafness than brown-eyed Dalmatians, although an absolute link between the two characteristics has yet to be conclusively proven. Though blue-eyed Dalmatians are not necessarily deaf, many kennel clubs consider blue eyes to be a fault or even a disqualification, and some discourage the use of blue-eyed Dalmatians in breeding programs.

Hyperuricemia

Dalmatians, like humans, can suffer from hyperuricemia.Dalmatians' livers have trouble breaking down uric acid which can build up in the blood serum (hyperuricemia), causing gout; and can be excreted in high concentration into the urine, causing kidney stones and bladder stones. These conditions are most likely to occur in middle-aged males. Males over 10 are prone to kidney stones and should have calcium intake reduced or take preventive medication. To reduce the risk of gout and stones, owners should carefully limit the intake of purine by avoiding giving their dogs food containing organ meats, animal by-products, or other high-purine ingredients. Hyperuricemic syndrome in Dalmatians responds to treatment with Orgotein, the veterinary formulation of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase




The popularity of Dalmatian dogs are found in many countries.







Dalmatian-Pointer Backcross Project

Hyperuricemia in Dalmatians (as in all breeds) is inherited. However, unlike other breeds of dog the "normal" gene for uricase is not present in the breed's gene pool at all. Therefore, there is no possibility of eliminating hyperuricemia among pure-bred Dalmatians. The only possible solution to this problem must then be crossing Dalmatians with other breeds in order to reintroduce the "normal" uricase gene. This has led to the foundation of the "Dalmatian-Pointer Backcross Project", which aims to reintroduce the normal uricase gene into the Dalmatian breed. The backcross that was done was to a single English pointer; subsequent breedings have all been to purebred Dalmatians. This project was started in 1973 by Dr. Robert Schaible. The f1 hybrids did not resemble Dalmatians very closely. The f1s were then crossed back to pure-bred Dals. This breeding produced puppies of closer resemblance to the pure Dal. By the fifth generation in 1981 they resembled pure Dals so much that Dr. Schaible convinced the AKC to allow two of the hybrids to be registered along with pure-bred Dals. Then AKC President William F. Stifel stated that "If there is a logical, scientific way to correct genetic health problems associated with certain breed traits and still preserve the integrity of the breed standard, it is incumbent upon the American Kennel Club to lead the way." The Dalmatian Club of America's (DCA) board of directors supported this decision, however it quickly became highly controversial among the club members. A vote by DCA members opposed the registration of the hybrids, causing the AKC to ban registration to any of the dog's offspring.








At the annual general meeting of the DCA in May 2006 the backcross issue was discussed again by club members. In June of the same year DCA members were presented with an opportunity to vote on whether to reopen discussion of the Dalmatian Backcross Project. The results of this ballot were nearly 2:1 in favor of re-examining support of the Dalmatian Backcross Project by the Dalmatian Club of America. This has begun with publication of articles presenting more information both in support of and questioning the need for this Project. As of May 2007, discussion is on-going.

In 2010, the UK Kennel Club registered a backcrossed Dalmatian called Ch. Fiacre’s First and Foremost. Several restrictions were imposed on the dog. Although the dog is at least 13 generations removed from the original Pointer cross, its F1 to F3 progeny will be marked on registration certificates with asterisks (which "indicate impure or unverified breeding"), no progeny will be eligible to be exported as pedigrees for the next five years, and all have to be health tested. UK Dalmatian breed clubs have objected to the decision by the Kennel Club.


The FCI recognized as its country of origin the region of Dalmatia in the Republic of Croatia, citing Bewick's 1792 work.

The Republic of Croatia was recognized by the F.C.I. as the country of origin of the Dalmatian; the breed had been developed and cultivated chiefly in England. When the dog with the distinctive markings was first shown in England in 1862 it was said to have been used as a guard dog and companion to the nomads of Dalmatia. But nothing is definitely known about its origin. The breed's unique coat became popular and widely distributed over the continent of Europe beginning in 1920. Its unusual markings were often mentioned by the old writers on cynology.

Duties

The roles of this ancient breed are as varied as their reputed ancestors. They were used as dogs of war, guarding the borders of Dalmatia. To this day, the breed retains a high guarding instinct; although friendly and loyal to those the dog knows and trusts, it is often aloof with strangers and unknown dogs. Dalmatians have a strong hunting instinct and are an excellent exterminator of rats and vermin. In sporting, they have been used as bird dogs, trail hounds, retrievers, or in packs for boar or stag hunting. Their dramatic markings and intelligence have made them successful circus dogs throughout the years. Dalmatians are perhaps best known for their role as fire-fighting apparatus escorts and firehouse mascots. Since Dalmatians and horses are very compatible, the dogs were easily trained to run in front of the carriages to help clear a path and quickly guide the horses and firefighters to the fires. Dalmatians are often considered to make good watchdogs and it is believed that they may have been useful to fire brigades as guard dogs to protect a firehouse and its equipment. Fire engines used to be drawn by fast and powerful horses, a tempting target for thieves, so Dalmatians were kept in the firehouse as deterrence to theft.

Particularly in the United States, the use of Dalmatians as carriage dogs was transferred to horse-drawn fire engines, although it is unclear why this link was not made in other countries. Today the Dalmatian serves as a firehouse mascot but, back in the days of horse-drawn fire carts, they provided a valuable service. The horses have long since gone, but the Dalmatians, by tradition, have stayed. As a result, in the United States, Dalmatians are commonly known as firehouse dogs. Dalmatians are still chosen by many firefighters as pets, in honor of their heroism in the past. The Dalmatian is also the mascot of the Pi Kappa Alpha International Fraternity. In the past, Pi Kappa Alpha has been known as the firefighters fraternity, and this is why they both share the dalmatian as a mascot.

The Dalmatian is also associated, particularly in the United States, with Budweiser beer, and the Busch Gardens theme parks. Since the Anheuser-Busch company's iconic beer wagon, drawn by a team of Clydesdale horses, is always accompanied by a Dalmatian carriage dog. The company maintains several teams at various locations, which tour extensively. According to Anheuser-Busch's website, Dalmatians were historically used by brewers to guard the wagon while the driver was making deliveries.





A Dalmatian rides a bike and plays with hoola-hoops.








"101 Dalmatians"

The Dalmatian breed experienced a massive surge in popularity as a result of the 1956 novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians written by British author Dodie Smith, and later due to the two Walt Disney films based on the book. The Disney animated classic released in 1961, later spawned a 1996 live-action remake, 101 Dalmatians. In the years following the release of the second movie, the Dalmatian breed suffered greatly at the hands of irresponsible breeders and inexperienced owners. Many well-meaning enthusiasts purchased Dalmatians—often for their children—without educating themselves on the breed and the responsibilities that come with owning such a high-energy dog breed. Dalmatians were abandoned in large numbers by their original owners and left with animal shelters. As a result, Dalmatian rescue organizations sprang up to care for the unwanted dogs and find them new homes. There was a 90% decrease in AKC registrations of dalmatians during the 2000-2010 period.

Famous Dalmatians

Pongo, Mrs. Pongo/Missis, Perdita, Prince (Perdita's mate), and their puppies in The Hundred and One Dalmatians and its derivative works (The Starlight Barking, etc.).
Sparky the Fire Dog Mascot of the American National Fire Protection Association.
Louie (Lou Dog), the mascot of the band Sublime, owned by singer Bradley Nowell.
Budweiser Dalmatian, the mascot along with BUD (the horse) for Anheuser Busch Budweiser Brewery
Spottie Dottie
Friar Boy, a series of dalmatian mascots for the Providence College Friars (the Dalmatian is also the mascot of the Dominican Order)
Smokey and Blaze from Krypto the Superdog.
Pudgey from Betty Boop.
Iceberg, dalmatian of the Ells family.
Radar from Fireman Sam'.
Silverdene Emblem O'Neill aka Blemie, owned by American playwright Eugene O'Neill, well known for his last will and testament







Istrian Shorthaired Hound (Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič)






Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Istrian_Shorthaired_Hound


The Istrian Shorthaired Hound (FCI No. 151, original name is Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič) is a breed of dog from Istria in Croatia, descended from a very old type of scenthound. The Istrian Shorthaired Hound is the slightly smaller counterpart to the longer coated Istrian Coarse-haired Hound from the same region.

Appearance

The Istrian Shorthaired Hound has a short, smooth, glossy hard coat, primarily white with sparse patches of orange. The breed has a typical well muscled hound body, with long legs and a long tail. The head is fairly broad and flat (not domed on top) with short (for a hound) triangular drop ears that hang close to the head, a type called typically east European.

The ideal height for an adult dog is 50 cm (19.5 ins) at the withers and weight is about 18 kg (40 lbs), female slightly smaller.

The cry or baying while hunting (important for a scenthound) is described as persistent and sharp.






Croatian postal stamp.



History

There is no actual proof of great antiquity for today's breed (such as written lineages going back to antiquity), although there is much fanciful conjecture. The type is very old, and the modern breed resembles images seen in frescoes as early as 1497. Writers cited as having mentioned the type include Bishop Bakič of Đakovo in 1719 and the veterinarian Franjo Bertič, also of Đakovo, in 1859. The old type is seen in the Posavaz Hound and the Istrian Coarsehaired Hound as well. The smooth and coarse-haired hounds were used for hunting in Istria (see the article on Motovun for photographs of the sort of mountainous terrain they were bred to hunt) while the Posavaz Hound is from the Sava Valley. The Istrian hounds are thought to be the oldest of the hound breeds in the Balkan region.

A stud book was established in 1924 to document which hounds were considered of this breed. The FCI accepted the breed in 1949, but it was not until 1973 that the first breed standard was published (the FCI does not write the breed standard, it is written in the breed's country of origin and published by the FCI to be used internationally, so that other countries will also describe the breed in the same manner as the breed's home country, and not change it to suit themselves.)

It is recognised in the scenthound group 6. It is also recognised in the scenthound group in North America by the United Kennel Club. It also is recognised under its original name, the standard English translations, other translations or combinations of the translation and Croatian name by minor kennel clubs and other organisations. It also may be promoted as a rare breed for those seeking an unusual pet.








The Istrian Shorthaired Hound is still kept in its homeland and in nearby areas for hunting, not as a pet, and is especially valued for hunting fox and rabbit.

Health and temperament

No specific health problems or claims of extraordinary health have been documented for this breed. The ideal temperament according to the standard is docile and calm, and lively and enthusiastic when hunting.








Istrian Coarse-haried Hound (Istarski Oštrodlaki Gonič)







Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Istrian_Coarse-haired_Hound


The Istrian Coarse-haired Hound (Croatian: istarski oštrodlaki gonič, Slovene: istrski ostrodlaki gonič) is a dog breed from Croatia, developed in the mid-19th century for hunting fox and rabbit. It is a rough-coated scent hound still kept primarily as a hunting dog rather than as a pet.

Appearance

Dogs of this breed can vary considerably in size, as the dog is still bred primarily for hunting, so more emphasis might be placed on performance than on specific appearance requirements. It can range from 25 to 56 lb (16 to 26 kg) and stand 17 to 23 inches (44 to 58 cm) at the withers.

The breed's wiry coat is weather resistant for hunting. The topcoat is 2 to 3 inches (5 to 8 cm) long and it has a woolly undercoat. The color is white with yellow or orange markings, usually on the ears. The ears are broad and hang flat with a long upstanding curved inwards tail.





Croatian postal stamp.



Temperament

Again, because the Istrian Coarse-haired Hound has been bred primarily for hunting rather than as a companion, it tends to be willful and hence more challenging to train than many other breeds.








History

Croatian and Slovene breeders created the Istrian Coarse-haired Hound in the mid-19th century by crossing the French Griffon Vendeén with the Istrian Shorthaired Hound, a smooth-haired hound developed from both sight hounds and scent hounds. The breed first took part in a conformation show in Vienna in 1866.

The dog is still used for hunting fox, rabbits, hare, and wild boar.







Posavac Hound (Posavski Gonič)






Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Posavaz_Hound


The Posavac Hound (FCI No. 154) (Croatian and Slovene: posavski gonič) is a breed of dog, originating as a hunting dog of the scenthound type. Croatia is the home country for the breed. The name translates into English as the Scenthound From The Sava Valley, but is usually translated as the Posavac Hound.

Appearance

The Posavac Hound is a solidly built dog with a somewhat long body, close-fitting drop ears, a long tail, and a gentle expression. The breed has an ideal height around 50 cm (20 ins) at the withers. The short, flat coat is slightly longer on the belly and backs of legs (feathering). Coat coulour is a reddish wheaten, sometimes marked with white.








History

There is no actual proof of great antiquity for this breed, although there is much fanciful conjecture. The type is very old, and the modern breed resembles images seen in frescoes as early as 1497. Writers cited as having mentioned the type include Bishop Bakič of Đakovo in 1719 and the veterinarian Franjo Bertič, also of Đakovo, in 1859. Hounds from the Sava Valley (Posavina, south-east of Zagreb) were sold as boskini in Croatia in the 1800s. The ancestry of the dogs was documented starting in 1929, when registrations for the stud book were first taken. The breed was internationally recognised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1955, and the name was clarified in 1969. The breed has been known since then as the Posavac Hound. The breed is recognised in North America by the United Kennel Club in the Scenthound Group, and by a number of minor registries, hunting clubs, and internet-based dog registry businesses, and is promoted as a rare breed for those seeking a unique pet.

 Health and temperament

No unusual diseases or claims of extraordinary health have been documented for this breed. The breed standard describes the ideal temperament as docile and an enthusiastic hunter.







Croatian Sheepdog (Hrvatski Ovčar)






Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Sheepdog



The Croatian Sheepdog is a dog breed from Croatia.


Appearance

The Croatian sheepdog is a weatherproof, adaptable breed. They are of low to medium height and the base color is always black, although there may be very small patches of white on its chest and/or toes. A characteristic is the short hairs on its somewhat fox-like head and legs. The remainder of the coat is longer and wavy or curly. The height at the withers in both sexes is between 16 to 21 inches and the length exceeds the height by approximately 10%. Nowadays, some dogs are even taller; that is probably due to better nutrition and an easier life - they grow to their full genetic potential. Traditionally the tail is docked very short but, if undocked, it is carried curled over the dog's back.


Head

Generally: The head is relatively light, lean and wedge shaped. The ratio between the muzzle and the skull is 9 : 11. The total length of the head is about 20 cm. Skull: Slightly rounded skull tapering towards the nose. The eyebrow arches are not pronounced. The cheeks are rounded. The occiput can be distinct. Stop: Slightly pronounced.

Face

Nose: Always black and in the line with the nose ridge. Muzzle: Lean, nose ridge looking from the profile is straight and is a wedge-shaped extension of the skull. The lower jaw is well developed and forms a harmonious whole with the line of the nose ridge. The muzzle is neither pointed nor square. Teeth: Well developed with a complete scissors bite. Level bite is acceptable but not desirable. Lips: Dry, close fitting and supple. The visible lip pigment is black. Corner of the mouth is tight. Eyes: Chestnut brown to black, medium in size, almond-shaped, and set horizontally, they give the dog a lively expression. The rims of the eyelids are dark pigmented and tight, fit close to the eyeballs. Ears: Triangular in shape, medium-sized, erect or semi-erect, somewhat set to the side. Erect ears are more desirable. Ear cropping is not allowed. NECK: Slightly rises above the back line, the upper and lower lines of the neck are straight. Moderately long, it is of medium strength, deep and well rounded, muscular. The skin is without dewlap and is covered with a dense coat.

Body

Withers: Not pronounced. The transition to the neck is gradual. Back: Straight, short and muscular. Loin: Short and firmly coupled. Chest: Medium long, broad and deep enough. Ribs well sprung, forechest slightly pronounced. The transition to the neck is in a straight line. Belly: Slightly tucked-up. The loins are full and sturdy. Croup: Medium long, slightly sloping down, muscular and fairly broad.

Tail

Set medium high, with thick long hair, in repose it hangs relaxed or is carried at back level. In attention it is carried above the back line. Some dogs are born tailless or with a short tail, or the tail is docked so that in an adult male it is about 4 cm long.

Limbs

Forequarters: The legs are straight, parallel and of medium length. Angulation of the front legs is more opened, the dog stands steeper. Shoulder blades are medium long and muscular, somewhat set steeper. The upper arm is relatively short. The forearm is long and muscular. Bones are lighter. Pasterns dry, indistinct, short and not completely vertical. The feet are small, strong, semi-rabbit-like. The toes are well knitted, well and firmly cushioned. The nails are black or gray.

Hindquarters: The hind legs are medium-angulated. From behind, the legs are parallel. The lower thigh is long and the hock is set lower. The upper thigh is of medium width, well muscled. The hocks are dry and distinct, well angulated. Hind feet are the same as the front ones, small and sturdy though somewhat elongated. Dewclaws are removed.





Croatian postal stamp.





Gait/Movement: The Croatian Sheepdog moves in briskly trot with moderately long steps.


Coat

Texture: The length of hair on the back is between 7 and 14 cm. The foreface is always shorthaired. The ears are shorthaired on the outside and longhaired on the inside. The backside of the forelegs has longer hairs down to pastern and forms feathering. The hind legs have pronounced feathering from the buttocks to the hocks. The coat is relatively soft, wavy to curly, but must not be woolly. The undercoat must be dense.

Colour: The base color of the coat is black. A few white hairs can be tolerated. White markings on the head, body and tail are not permissible, but small white markings are permissible on the throat and the forechest. White markings on the toes or the legs are permissible but undesirable. White legs up to pasterns lower the dog’s marks on shows.






 Croatian Sheepdog puppy.





Height & Weight

The height at withers in males and females is between 40 to 50 cm. Height: 16-21 inches (40–53 cm.) Weight: 29-43 pounds (13–20 kg.)

Temperament

The Croatian Sheepdog is an alert, agile, keen and intelligent dog with enormous energy and with a strong need for human companionship. It is healthy, resistant to disease and not expensive to keep. It possesses a well-developed herding instinct and is an excellent watchdog.

It's a caring and modest shepherd’s dog, very loyal to his master. The breed also possesses an hereditary predisposition for working cattle. Some farmers affirm that their Croatian Sheepdog knows and will single out every head of cattle by hearing its name.





Footage of Croatian Sheepdogs in Croatia doing what they love best.  For some reason these dogs have become all the rage in Japan and people there can't get their hands on enough of them. See www.24sata.hr







In the past, the dog was often used to drive herds of pigs to oak woods in autumn, and, in one old document, it states that this versatile breed even herded the horses from Đakovo’s stables. It is both a driving and a gathering dog and, depending on whether it comes from a show or working line, its desire to work stock varies. Its approach to the flock may be closer and harder than some other breeds, but is very effective. It may grip but seldom causes any damage thereby. Nevertheless, it requires firm but sensitive handling and it is easy to overcome these aggressive tendencies by training. The breed is very intense and may bark a lot during the early stages of training, but, with experience, it will usually only bark at the right time - mostly when working in yards. This dog usually obeys only one person and an older sheepdog may take some time to switch allegiance to a new master. If not socialized early, it can be wary of strangers. The Croatian Sheepdog responds well to obedience training but as a pet without any work it can became very noisy, even destructive. It is, however, a very docile breed and comprehends quickly what is expected of it, which it accomplishes with pleasure. At around 3 or 4 months the pup is usually taken to the flock. In most cases, these pups are worked beside an older dog, and the pup learns its job and at around 6 months is useful for work.

It is always behind its master’s heels, waiting for the next move and often looks into its master’s eyes as it asks ”What next?” Nowadays, fewer and fewer Croatian Sheepdogs earn their keep by working with stock in native Slavonia, because many open plains are put to crops and stock is kept indoors. Croatian Sheepdogs do well in an apartment as long as they get enough regular exercise.








Activities

The Croatian Sheepdog is a very good breed for dog sports. They can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, showmanship, flyball, tracking, and herding events. Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. Croatian Sheepdogs exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in herding trials.

Care

Croatian sheepdogs are usually very healthy. This breed is easy to groom: an occasional combing or brushing to remove dead hair and a bath if dirty is all it needs. This breed is an average shedder.

History

According to written documents, the appearance of this breed has not changed greatly from the 14th century to the present day. Probably because it possesses an excellent hereditary instinct for working sheep and cattle, selection on the basis of usability was being carried out spontaneously, which has resulted also in the balance of its look.










The earliest written document about Croatian Sheepdogs, named “Canis pastoralis croaticus”, found in the archives of diocese of Đakovo by "father of the breed" - veterinarian Prof Dr Stjepan Romić - is from 1374. In this document, Petar, Bishop of Đakovo, says "the dog is about 18 inches high, with medium long black curly coat, the hair on the head is short, ears are pricked or semi-pricked and it is very good for keeping flocks of all farm animals." He also mentions that the Croats brought the dog with them while migrating from their original native land to Croatia in the 7th century. Romić also found in archive of Đakovo's diocese important information from Years 1719, 1737, 1742 and 1752. In all of these documents the description of the Croatian Sheepdog matches entirely its appearance today and in all of them the dog is named Canis pastoralis croaticus or Croatian Sheepdog. A systematic selection breeding program was started by the same Prof Romic in 1935 with dogs in the territory of Đakovo. After 34 years of work, breed was finally recognized by FCI in 1969.







Tornjak (Hrvatski Tornjak)







Source: wikipedia.or/wiki/Tornjak


The Tornjak is a mountain sheep dog native to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.


Appearance

Tornjaks are large and powerful dogs, with well proportioned, almost square bodied features and agile movements. The dog's bones are not light, but nevertheless not heavy nor coarse. They have long and thick double coat which a thick undercoat. The bodies of these dogs are strong and well built, with harmonious and dignified movements. The dogs have long and thick hair and this adequately protects the animals against poor weather conditions. The dogs typically possess shaggy tails, kept high like a flag. Tornjaks have a clear, self-confident, serious and calm disposition. In general the Tornjak is a long coated dog with short hair over the face and legs. The topcoat is long, thick, coarse and straight. It is specially long on the upper part of the croup, over the shoulders and the back it can be slightly wavy. On the muzzle and the forehead, up to the imaginary line connecting the ears, over the ears and on the front parts of legs and feet it is short. It is especially abundant around the neck (mane), dense and long over the upper thighs (breeches). It forms feathers along the forearms. With well coated dogs it is also especially abundant on the rear of hind pasterns.

Tornjaks can be either solid colored or parti-colored, usually the color white predominates. The color of Tornjaks is unrestricted, all colors are accepted. It ranges from nearly completely white to almost black, with yellow, red, brown and not-quite-desired gray in between. There are two main types: piebald and Irish spotting. Originally, it was made a goal to breed varying colors and patterns so shepherds could distinguish their dogs easily from a distance. Breeders also strife towards distinction compared to other breeds.

Head

Lupine, wedge-shaped and elongated. Due to the heavy coat it could look too small sometimes. Powerful and long jaws, teeth complete, scissor bite. The back of the muzzle is straight. The zygomatic arches above the eyes may be slightly noticeable. Back of skull elongated but not narrow, straight from zygomatic arches to occiput. Top of the muzzle straight, proportional, never pointed or excessively fleshy, lips fitted tightly to the jaws. Almond shaped eyes, eyelids close to the skull. Large ears, that are single turn down, set high up, nearer to the vertex than in other sheepdogs breeds.






A litter of Tornjak puppies in Croatia. More information and photos at: www.valaliburna.hr






Neck

Long, carried low, set at 45 degree when alert. Neck muscles firm and taut. Skin quite thick especially at the nape of the neck and adheres to the inner tissue not only on the upper but also on the lower side of the neck. Covered with a rich crop of long hair (ruff).

Back

Relatively short, firm, moderately wide and level.

Tail

Long, can be saber-shaped, annular or hooked (slight upward turn at the tip), set medium high. Highly mobile, at rest hanging downwards. When in motion - trotting - or when alert or excited, always carried above the back.

Chest

Very broad, conically deep, wide and rounded, but ribs not heavy. The breast is well-proportioned and forms a firmly connected unit between shoulder joint and chest. As a rule, the sternum (breast bone) tip is a little below the shoulder joint.

Belly

Firm muscles, continuous lower line, moderately tucked-up from the back end of sternum to the inside of loins.

Coat

As a rule, long coated with short hair on face and front part of legs. Top coat is long, hard textured (similar to goats) and straight. On the front part of shoulders and backside of rump it can be slightly wavy. Particularly well developed on the neck also below the tail very rich and long, forming trousers. Feathering on the forearm and very rich feathering on the tail. Upper hair is especially long on the upper rump just before tail set. Firmly closed and not able to be opened in parting.

Temperament

Tornjak has a calm temperament. A typical adult Tornjak is very calm, peaceful, on first sight an indifferent animal, but when the situation demands it, it is a vigilant, a very alert watchdog. The character of Tornjak is equal to the temperament, they are not nervous and not aggressive in general, they are very tough, not demanding, and sturdy dogs. With their human family they are very emotional. When the Tornjak live in a pack they are highly social animals, and there is not any fighting between pack members. Toward strangers or other animals, as a rule, Tornjak is not emphasized aggressive. But when the situation calls upon it, Tornjak acts very determined and it can without consideration attack much stronger rivals. Shepherds used to say that a Tornjak who guards the flock is a fair match to two wolves, and a couple will encounter and chase away a bear without any undue respect. In these situations Tornjaks are very persistent.








History

Tornjaks belong to the rare livestock protection breeds, and share many characteristics with other Mountain dogs. The Tornjak is one of the very old breeds from ancient times, and it was mentioned in handwritten papers for the first time in the 9th century, in a Catholic Church's document. The breed was later mentioned in the 11th and 14th century. Tornjaks from these documents is the very same as they are today, except for the name of the breed, which was Bosanski Ovčar, meaning Bosnian Shepherd Dog. It was also called the Hrvatski pas planinac, meaning Croatian dog from the mountain.  The dogs in these documents was described entirely equal (function and exterior) as they are today: a protective guarding dog which keep and watch all what their humans ask from them, but highly intelligent and selected without sufficient aggression, and they are pleasant against strangers that they meet outside of their own property. It is considered that dogs of the Tornjak's type have existed in Dinaridi (region of Dinaric Alps), especially in the region around Vlašić (close to the city of Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina) as central area of the region, from the Roman times . The Romans used their dogs as war and guardian dogs, as well as for fighting in the arena. Although the Tornjak is a very old breed, with the vanishing of nomadic sheep-breeding also the Tornjak vanished gradually. In the early 70's, a group of cinologs began to collect the remained dogs which best corresponded to the old writings about their race.

The first written tracks about the existence of Tornjaks date back to the 9th century. Description given to the Tornjak were found in the writings of Peter Horvat bishop of Đakovo, Croatia, which date back to the year 1374, those descriptions were also found in the writings of Peter Lukić canon of the Đakovo diocese, which were written in 1752. The term Tornjak evolves from the Bosnian/Croatian word "tor", which means an enclosed area where sheep live in. Still today, these dogs are called Torashi in the surroundings of the city of Sinj and on the Kamešnica- mountains, whereas the shepherds of the Dinara-mountains call them Dinarci.

It is theorized (although not proven) that the Tornjak, as with other Livestock Guardian Dog breeds, are descendant from dogs that were developed somewhere around 9000 years ago in Mesopotamia following the domestication of sheep and goats in the same area.

Activities

A Tornjak's exercise levels are usually not demanding, especially in the first 9 – 12 months (during the last intensive growth period). After that they can exercise as much as possible. They prefer long walks without a leash and a lot of playing with other dogs. The Tornjak will also be just as satisfied with only a 20 minute walk if its owner is in a hurry. Tornjaks learn quickly and do not forget easily; they happily perform tasks and are therefore easy to train. Strong and hardy, during the snowy winter nights, these dogs lie on the ground and often get covered by snow without freezing due to their thick coats. They are used for herding and protection of livestock.





Tornjak puppy.




 Care

Tornjak is not recommended for apartment life. They need space and will do best with at least a large yard. Because its thick coat protects it so well, it can happily cope with living out-doors provided it has proper shelter. This breed of dog is best suited to a family with lots of space surrounding the home where it can attend to its own exercise needs.

Tornjak is a very healthy breed, but because they were very poorly fed in their past, they now do not need so much proteins in the food. For feeding Tornjaks a low protein diet is suitable. Too high a protein content can lead to the development of coat problems. Climbing up and downstairs the first six months can ruin theirs hock joints or lead to hip dysplasia (canine).

Tornjak needs early socialization. Early experiences, before 9 months of age, have a very significant effect throughout the dog's life. They need to be confronted with all potentially fearful stimuli as early as possible, in order to avoid later fear reactions. Traffic noise, big trucks and buses will provoke fear reactions in adulthood, if the Tornjak has not previously faced these situations several times as a puppy. In this early age all Tornjak puppies have to meet as many strange people as possible, and also other animals, dogs, and pets especially, for developing a good and stable behaviour as an adult. No special training or equipment is needed.





3 1/2 week old Tornjak pups at the Vala Liburna Tornjak kennel in Croatia.








Old Croatian Sighthound (Starohrvatski Hrt)





Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Croatian_Sighthound


The Old Croatian Sighthound, regionally known as the hrt, is a breed of dog from Croatia. Originally developed as a sighthound, the greyhound-like breed was almost exterminated during Croatia's time as part of Yugoslavia; however, its continued existence was confirmed in December 2008.

This recent (Bauer & Lemo, December 2008) report containing a record of a preserved nucleus of a regional Old World sighthound, the hrt, or Old Croatian sighthound, is a notable cynological and veterinary contribution to sighthound history. It is one more confirmation of the mechanism behind the extinction of sighthound varieties, where the loss of "aristocratic", landed hunting rights (pursued mainly by horse, and hound) gave place to "universal", licensed hunting rights (pursued mainly on foot, by gun) which tended to literally outlaw sighthounds. Sighthounds, which by definition require large open tracts of land, became an object of suspected poaching, and were often actively persecuted. Consequently the regional and national varieties, which for ages had been prolific across Europe, were eradicated or allowed to die out. The Chort, Magyar Agar and Chart, for example escaped this fate, the Frisian sighthound did not. Where national breed and Kennel Clubs actively encouraged sighthound studbooks, and where a strong coursing culture was present sighthounds such as the Galgo survived. In some cases, as with the latter, and as Bauer and Lemo report in connection with the hrt, regional sighthound identity could be compromised by crosses to Greyhounds or other breeds.

Physiology

The type is of greyhound-conformation with rose-ears, short-coated, predominantly white body color, with black, or dark brown to yellowish spotting. Males reaching 60-70 cm in height, females 5-10 cm shorter. Historically the breed has been confirmed as a sighthound through its use in coursing, and preserved to the present day with occasional cross-breeding with English Greyhounds, other sighthounds and other breeds.









This isn't a Croatian dog breed, it's from a dog show in Poland, but I couldn't pass over a cool photo of a chick wearing a Croatia soccer jersey. Source: www.greatdane.ru








The Medji (Medjimurski mali pas or small dog from Medjimurje)






Source: www.croatiantimes.com


The Medji (Medjimurski mali pas or small dog from Medjimurje) has been officially recognized by Croatian cynologists as an autochtonous breed that currently numbers some 300 dogs.

A native of Cakovec area in Medjimurje County (northern Croatia), Medji is a short breed, with sturdy legs and rounded paws. It is very useful as a rat hunter, the daily Jutarnji List writes.

With the addition of the Medji, Croatia is now a home to seven autochtonous breeds, including Tornjak, Dalmatian, Croatian Shepard, Istrian Shorthaired and Coursehaired Hound as well as Posavski Hound and Posavaz Hound.








The Medji has been recognized as a separate breed after a four-year procedure. In order for it to receive the same recognition internatioanally, strict standards will have to be adhered to. To make that happen, it is necessary to precisely state the standard that defines the breed now, to establish a breeding-selection system and a significant number of representatives of this indigenous breed.

So far there are some 300 Medjis to be found in the area of Cakovec.








HISTORY OF CROATIAN KENNEL CLUB








Source: hks.hr


Cynological activities in any country begin with owning and breeding purebred dogs, which regularly precedes the beginning of the organised cynological work that is the founding of a registered cynological organisation.

he beginnings of the organised cynology in Croatia date from the time when Croatia was still part of the Austro- Hungarian Monarchy, more precisely from 1891.

In 1881, a General Croatian Society for the Guard of Hunting and Fishing was founded in Zagreb. In the year 1891 already mentioned above, the Society became member of the Austrian society for purebred dogs in Vienna. In 1897 the then Hunting Society founded a Commission for the Studbook, who sent the data on purebred dogs in Croatia and Slavonia to the Austrian studbook for purebred dogs.

From 20th to 30th September 1894, a regional exhibition of domestic animals was held in Vrbovsko in the region of Gorski Kotar, in the framework of which 10 Istrian Hounds were shown, which was called "a small exhibition of hunting dogs". That was neither review nor show in the today's sense since there was no catalogue with the data of the dogs shown as well as no judging.

The first real dog show with a catalogue and a judging commission was held in Zagreb from 5th to 7th September 1906 in the framework of the great Croato-Slavonian Country Economic Exhibition, on which 103 dogs of different breeds were exhibited.

On the day after the show, 8th September, the fi rst artifi cial den trial for earthdogs took place. On the same day, a trial for pointing dogs was held on the hunting ground in Stupnik, according to the then valid regulations of the Austrian society for breeding dogs.

In 1912 the fi rst trial of international character for police and war dogs was held in Osijek, whereas in 1913 a show with 80 dogs took place in the framework of the then Zagreb fair. In the course of the First World War, when Croatia being part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy fought on the side of the Tripartite Pact, all cynological activities ceased practically. The Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, beaten at war, fell to pieces, and Croatia became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians in 1918. In the new state, cynological activities were the most intensive in Slovenia so it was in Ljubljana that the Yugoslav Cynological Association (JKS) was founded on 1st October 1925.

On 25th February 1929, JKS became an associate, and on 2nd April 1936 a full member of FCI.

The then Union of hunting societies founded a cynological section for Croatia and Slovenia in 1926, which became a member of JKS in the same year.

On 10th October 1926 the fi rst dog show was held in Zagreb. Unfortunately, no more detailed information on this show is available.

In 1927, a cynological organisation “Society of Dog Friends” - DPPZ was founded in Zagreb, which later was renamed into Cynological Society. In 1932, they published the first cynological magazine in Croatia, titled “Our Dogs”. In the same year 1932, the fi rst international dog show of all breeds was held in Zagreb (30.04.-01.05.). In the course of the Second World War (1941-1945), the activities were hampered and reduced in all segments of the social life, including cynological organisations. Slovenia, where the headquarters of the Yugoslav Cynological Association were located, was annexed to Germany, while cynological connections and co-operation in the area of the divided country stopped completely. In Croatia, in spite of very diffi cult circumstances, the cynological activities didn't stop entirely and there even existed an organisation, but the archives and documents haven't been preserved.

After the war, the new beginnings of the cynological work were related to the Hunting Association, and the first dog review was held in Zagreb on 25th July 1848 on the playground of the Football Club Građanski.

On 28th August 1848, the Cynological Association of Croatia was founded in Zagreb. From 29th to 30th October 1949, the “First State Dog Show for All Breeds” was held in Zagreb, on the then premises of the Zagreb Fair (today Technical Museum). There were entered 350 dogs in 38 breeds.

In 1950, the Managing Committee of the Cynological Association of Croatia began to publish the “Circular of the Cynological Association of Croatia” with the purpose of informing the members on activities of the association and providing support to breeders and members. Notifi cations on matings and litters were published, cynological events in the country and abroad were announced etc. On 9th January 1950, the section for judges and judge trainees was founded. The same year 1950 was a year of intensive development of the cynological organisation. It was that year that sections for four main dog groups were founded: for pointing dogs, earthdogs, hounds and non-hunting dogs.

From April 1952, instead of the “Circular”, the Cynological Association of Croatia published the “Cynological News” on a monthly basis, printed modestly on one double sheet of paper. On the occasion of the fi rst issue of the “Cynological News”, the Managing Commitee expressed the hope “that one day the Cynological News would grow into a real expert publication”. So, on 1st July 1953 the magazine “My Dog” started to come out, which has remained the offi cial publication of the cynological association to the present day.

In 1954, with the development of cynological activities as well as the increase of the number of breeds and dogs, clubs were founded instead of sections for dog groups. There were founded Club for Pointing Dogs, Club for Earthdogs and Club for Sporting Dogs, which was later renamed into the Club for German Shepherds and Other Sporting Dogs. A year later that is in 1955 the Club for Hounds was founded, while the owners and breeders of German Boxers separated from the Club for Sporting Dogs and founded the Club for German Boxers.

In 1955, a Book of Regulations on the breeding of German Shepherds was published and obligatory breeding reviews were implemented in the Club for Sporting Dogs, besides fi les for all dogs were established, where hereditary characteristics were indicated. Courses for the training of dogs were held in the Club, and in 1958, the fi rst working trial for utility dogs was held in Zagreb, according to the regulations of FCI. In 1962, the editorial staff of the magazine “My Dog” published the “Handbook on the Training of Pointing Dogs and Earthdogs for Handlers and Trainers”.

In 1963, dr. Oto Rohr composed the fi rst standard draft for the Croatian Sheepdog.

On 23rd March 1966, the fi rst dog bred in Croatia - German Shepherd bitch Jutta od Luadare JRSp 2537 - was proclaimed International Beauty Champion by FCI.

After the Yugoslav Cynological Association was moved from Ljubljana to Belgrade in 1953, the studbook was run there centrally for the then cynologocial associations of all the Yugoslav republics. From 1969, the Cynological Association of Croatia started to run concurrently their own studbook for the dogs from their area. In 1980, the World Championship for Pointing Dogs was held in Umag, the organiser of which was Brasil.

In 1982, the Cynologocial Association of Croatia published the fi rst Book of Regulations for Sporting Cynology Expertise, so breeding reviews for all breeds of sporting dogs were implemented.

From 17th to 19th October 1985, the 8th World Hunting Championship was held in Umag. Beside names of cynologists mentioned in this short historical outline of the Croatian cynology, there are some other cynologists to be pointed out too, like Stjepan Romić, who spent a great part of his life as veterinarian in the area of Slavonia, where he studied Croatian Sheepdogs in detail and wrote a publication on that topic.

The name of Stjepan Mikulek is also outstanding, a Zagreb craftsman, longstanding and life-long president of the Club for Pointing Dogs, which was made strong and active owing to his efforts.

The name of Franjo Strunjak shouldn't be forgotten either. He was one of the best experts for hounds and the longstanding president of the Club for Hounds. Owing to his indisputable merits in recognition and popularisation of hounds he was also called “father of hounds”.

The name of mr.sc.vet. Ratimir Orban should be remembered too because, owing to his merits and efforts, a great deal of the knowledge on the history of the Croatian cynology was preserved. Also his researches on the history of the autochthonous hounds and especially Dalmatian are of great importance.

Political circumstances and happenings in the world announced dramatic events in our country too. The forthcoming period of the Croatian cynology was hugely marked by the fact that Marko Medar was elected the President of the Cynological Association of Croatia on the general assembly held on 2nd September 1990.

On 24th March 1991, the Cynological Association of Croatia was renamed into the Croatian Kennel Club.

On 11th September 1991, the decision was made about the separation from the Yugoslav Cynological Association.

From 28th to 30th September 1991, the national team of Croatia appeared for the fi rst time as independent country on the 13th World Championship for Pointing Dogs in Alessandria (Italy). It was for the fi rst time in the history that the Croatian fl ag was raised to the winning mast on an international cynological competition. Mr Hari Herak with his German Shorthaired Pointer Eros di San Foran became our fi rst world champion, and the Croatian national team were the winners of the team competition for continental pointing dogs.

On 5th April 1992, in the period of the Croatian War of Independence, the 1st National Dog Show was held in Zagreb. It was titled “For Croatia” and the whole income of the show was awarded to the formation for training dogs in the framework of the Military Police of the Croatian Army.

On 6th June 1992, the fi rst new Croatian pedigree was issued by the Croatian Kennel Club. From 3rd to 6th September 1992, the Croatian national team participated for the first time in the 3rd World Championship for Utility Dogs. On 5th September 1992, the Croatian Kennel Club became an associated member of FCI on the General Assembly in Zurich. So already on 17th/ 18th April 1993, the first international dog show for all breeds after Croatia is becoming independent was held in Zagreb. There were 1336 dogs entered. From 10th January 1994, the obligatory tattooing of purebred dogs was implemented.

On 19th March 1995, the Croatian Post has issued a series of three stamps depicting Croatian autochthonous hounds: Istrian Shorthaired Pointer, Istrian Wirehaired Pointer and Posavatz Hound. In addition to that, stamps representing Dalmatian and Croatian Sheepdog were issued too.

On 30th May 1995, the General Assembly of FCI in Brussels accepted unanimously the Croatian Kennel Club as a full member. On the World Dog Show held in connection with the General Assembly of FCI, the Croatian Kennel Club were represented by a large and well noticed group of our autochthonous hounds, which were presented by handlers in national costumes. That massive presentation of our autochthonous hound resulted in numerous titles of world winners.

In September 1995, the Croatian national team participated for the fi rst time in the European Cup for Hounds and won the fi rst place in the team competition. From 20th to 23rd March 1996, the Cup of Nations “For Peace and Friendship” (FITASC) took place in Umag with more than 500 participants. The Croatian national team won the 3rd place.

On 12th November 1996, the Executive Committee of FCI, on their meeting in Copenhagen, drew the conclusion that the autochthony and patronage for the Posavatz Hound should be awarded to Croatia, that is the Posavatz Hound is a Croatian autochthonous breed.

On 13th/14th October 1997, Croatia is again the host of an important cynological event. The World Championship for Pointing Dogs and the Cup St. Hubert were held in Umag.

30th May 1999 is an important date for Croatia because it was then that the Executive Committee of FCI, on their meeting in Mexico City, made the decision that Croatia should be recognised as the country of origin for the Istrian Shorthaired and Istrian Wirehaired Pointer as well as the Dalmatian. Croatia was awarded the patronage for the standards of these breeds.

On 18th/19th November 2000, the Croatian Kennel Club was the organiser of two great international CACIB shows, one of which was titled “Central-Eastern European Cup”. About 1500 dogs were entered to each of the two shows.

From 25th to 27th October 2002, the World Championship for Pointing Dogs and the Cup St. Hubert took place in Croatia again, this time on hunting grounds near Zadar.

The American Staffordshire Terrier Milwaukee de Ngorongngorong, owned by a citizen of the Republic of Croatia, achieved a great international success by having won the title BIS on the European Dog Show, held from 3rd to 5th October 2003 in Bratislava. That was the fi rst Croatian dog to achieve BIS on an FCI European Show.

On 6th October 2003, the General Assembly of the FCI European Section awarded the organisation of the European Dog Show in 2007 to Croatia.

On 21st January 2004, the longstanding president of the Croatian Cynological Assocition dipl.ing. Marko Medar died. In the annals of the Croatian Kennel Club, he will be known, among other things, for the following achievements in the course of his mandate: the Croatian Kennel Club became an independent organisation recognised by FCI, several hound breeds including Dalmatian were recognised as Croatian autochthonous breeds, the Croatian Kennel Club achieved a remarkable place among the members of FCI.

In the meeting of FCI in Barcelona on 7th June 2004, the President of the Croatian Cynological Association dr.vet.med. Damir Skok was elected a member of the General Committee of the FCI European Section.

From 27th June to 2nd July 2005, the members of the Croatian national team of rescue dogs Mirela Bosnar, Sara Mareković, Tanja Janeš and Tibor Lugar led by Ana Viller became world winners on the 2nd World Championship for Rescue Dogs, held in La Grande Motte (France).

Mr Hari Herak with his German Pointer bitch Rina Pradelinensis became individual world winner on the World Championship for Pointers in Vildbjerg (Denmark), held from 18th to 22nd October 2005.

In the meeting of the FCI General Committee in Madrid on 22nd February 2006, the sixth Croatian autochthonous breed tornjak was recognised provisionally under the name “Bosnian- Herzegovinian-and-Croatian Sheepdog Tornjak” and the breed standard was accepted. The patronage for the standard is shared by Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.




Sources:

 wikipedia.org/Dog_breeds_originating_in_Croatia

www.dogbreedinfo.com

www.hks.hr

carthageagriculture.pbworks.com

www.thecroatiaportal.com

www.eurobreeder.com

www.bordercollie.hr/croatian_sheepdog

 www.tornjak.net

agilitydogsen.weebly.com

www.furrycritter.com

www.posta.hr

www.posta.hr

home.swipnet.se






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