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četvrtak, 16. siječnja 2014.

"Wings Of Storm" Croatian Aerobatic Team's 100th Official Display

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The «Wings of Storm» (Krila Oluje) Aerobatic Team of the 93rd Croatian Air Force and Air Defence Base flew its 100th display at the Red Bull Air Race held in Rovinj on 13 April 2014.

The jubilean display was marked by a celebratory programme and cake in the "Zemunik" Barracks near Zadar. The leader of the Team, Major Matija Vrđuka expressed special appreciation to the media for presenting the work and performances of the Team since its constitution in 2005, and that their largest Croatian audience was at the Red Bull Air Race in Rovinj. "It is our wish to promote our country worldwide, and to take advantage of the performances to promote the abilities and skills of the Croatian military pilots, to win the interest of and recruit young staff for the future, to perform the same moves that we do today», stated Maj. Vrđuka. The singularity of the 'Wings of Storm' lies in the demanding or exclusive character of some of the aerobatic manoeuvres placing them among the world's top aerobatic groups.

"We are striving to be the best, to offer an eye-catching performance, and therefore the first thing we do upon landing is the analysis of the programme, brushing up of the details that only we perceive, and we ourselves learn from each new flight". Major also expressed the 10-th birthday wish to see the smoke generator inbuilt into their PC-9Ms, to add impact to their displays.

Alongside Major Vrđuka as Team Leader, with 99 performances, the Group is composed of Major Nenad Hasnek, with 94 performances, as Left Wing; Captain Josip Čolak, with 16 performances, as Right Wing and Captain Edvard Krišto, as Slot, with 75 performances. Captain Božen Tadić (63 performances) and Captain Siniša Hucika (59 performances) fly as 2nd Left and Right Wings respectively.

The Group performed the programme in 12 countries, and in 2014 they are to appear at two more international shows – AIR 14 in Payerne, Switzerland, to mark the 100th anniversary of the Swiss aviation (late August), and at the Czech International Air Fest in Hradec Kralowe, the Czech Republic, in early September 2014.

Performing their 100th aerobatics display in April during the Red Bull Air Race in Rovnij. More information about that Here.

3 komentara :

Anonimno kaže...

sorry to be the bearer of bad news but cro magnon man has been proven to be haplogroup IJ .. not R1b .

HroBaToS-AuToPiLoTaS kaže...

There's nothing to be sorry about, as more and newer evidences and discoveries are made, this topic is always being updated. I don't get into the Haplotypes topic to a large degree here, because it may confuse some readers into thinking I am talking about typewriters. According to what we know, Cro-Magnons were not a single, homogeneous and continuous pure population. A 2003 sequencing on the mitochondrial DNA of two Cro-Magnons A 2003 sequencing on the mitochondrial DNA of two Cro-Magnons (23,000-year-old Paglicci 52 and 24,720-year-old Paglicci 12) identified the mtDNA as Haplogroup N which is thought to have originated in Eurasia. Haplogroup N is found in all parts of the world but has very low frequencies in Sub-Saharan Africa. According to a number of studies, the presence of Haplogroup N in East Africa is the result of back migration from Eurasia. Several works on genetics, their blood types and cranial morphology indicate that the Basque people are the "closest direct descendants" of the original Cro-Magnon population. Current populations with a high degree of Haplogroup R1b are known to possess traces of EEMH DNA and R1b runs highest among the indigenous Basque, so that explains that. I guess I could add that Haplogroup I is the oldest major Haplogroup in Europe and in all probability the only one that originated there (apart from very minor haplogroups like C6 and deep subclades of other haplogroups). It is hypothesized to have arrived from around the Black Sea as Haplogroup IJ sometime between 40,000 and 30,000 years ago, and developed specifically into Haplogroup I approximately 25,000 years ago, this would still be a late arrival, comparatively speaking to Haplotype N, which preceded it from around the Black Sea about 75,000 years ago. (Both Haplogroup I and Haplogroup J are found among modern populations of the Caucasus, and Anatolia, and so it is thought to have spread from there to Eastern Asia also) From 2800 BCE, a large-scale cultural and genetic upheaval hit Northern Europe, around modern day Scandinavia, with the arrival of what is termed the Indo-Europeans from Eastern Europe, who introduced the Copper Age and Early Bronze Age practically without Neolithic transition. (Remember, "Indo-Europeans" is not a specific people or language either, but a description based on commonality of some Haploytpes they both share, somewhere in the distant past Modern Europeans and populations in the Indus Valley both had some Haplotypes introduced from a common source. (This may be the Hyperboreans) The first Indo-Europeans to reach Scandinavia were the Corded Ware people from the locations of modern Russia, Belarus and Poland, who are thought to have belonged predominantly to Haplogroup R1a. These people shared some similar maternal lineages as Scandinavian I1 inhabitants, including mtDNA haplogroups U2e, U4 and U5, but also brought many new lineages such as H2a1, H6, W and various subclades of I, J, K and T.........

HroBaToS-AuToPiLoTaS kaže...

....One thing that most people today seem to keep forgetting is that when scientists speak of Africa in terms of the various evolutionary models and DNA contributions, reaching back even millions of years, the Africa of today did not exist, scientists are speaking of the land mass/continent, from where various different hominids and hominins existed at one point or another, according to various interpretations. From the north part of the land mass to the south was full of differences and histories, same goes for east and west. Some archaic hominins that existed and contributed to Africans eventually went extinct, and did not affect other populations on the land mass called today Africa.

Another important major Indo-European migration to Scandinavia was that of haplogroup R1b, the branch that is thought to have introduced Proto-Germanic languages, as an offshoot of the Proto-Celto-Germanic speakers from Central Europe. R1b probably entered Scandinavia from present-day Germany as a northward expansion of the late Unetice culture (2300-1600 BCE).

Recall also, according to the Germanic substrate hypothesis, first proposed by Sigmund Feist in 1932, Proto-Germanic was a hybrid language mixing Indo-European (R1b, and R1a) and pre-Indo-European (native Nordic I1) elements. This hybridization would have taken place during the Bronze Age and given birth to the first truly Germanic civilization, the Nordic Bronze Age (1700-500 BCE). After the arrival into history of the Veneti, situated in and around the Vistula and Baltics, who are considered to be the Early or Proto-Slavs, the Germanic and the Veneti-Slavs then were temporally contiguous for centuries, in varying degrees, being absorbed by both Germanic and the Sclaveni. The Veneti thus were a kind of nucleus of early German and Slavic history, and the origins of today Croats, so there you have it. So you are right about Haplotype I, it being the homegrown European Haplotype after Haplogroup N and just before the Eurasian R1a and R1b, but the main point in this examination is that the descendents of Cro Magnon went on to inherit some Neanderthal DNA which is present even today and probably responsible for you being able to do chemistry projects, use the computer and lift heavy objects. Thanks for your comment.

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