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petak, 15. prosinca 2017.

The Krapina Neanderthal Museum, Cro-Magnons & The Origins Of Santa Claus

Neanderthal girl named Gort looking at her reflection and reminiscing at the Krapina Neanderthal Exhibition. (She may very well be wondering when will it stop snowing?...will it soon be safe to hunt for berries again? Will there be enough mammoth steaks until spring?). Museum official website:

(Note: This is a repost from 2010. I added to the original post some amazing facts and information after recent very interesting and enlightening archeological and scientific discoveries. I also thought it was time for a holiday type post, something related. But then I thought this below re-post would be perfect. After all, the Neanderthals, Cro-Magnons and early European/Eurasian men all had beards for the most part, and Santa Claus still wears a beard even to this day. How much more in the holiday spirit can you get? It's uncanny and perfect timing and shows the interesting continuity of some of todays holiday customs. Plus information about the origins of punch bowls, sleighs, bonfire sing-a-longs, skiing, perhaps even elves, holiday cooking and barbecuing, holiday art, stone age holiday figurines, dolls and music and much more.

Throughout the month of December (Croatian: Prosinac), the Croatian equivalent of today's Santa Claus distributes gifts to children. Bad boys and girls however, would receive mud cakes and raw bean and camel testicle palačinke just as during the Upper Palaeolithic holidays. Many of the caves back then didn't have chimneys so he had to go through the front cave entrance.

Djed Mraz/Santa Claus himself arrived to Zagreb Pleso Airport from Finland for a special visit just a short time ago. He also took time to watch a Zagreb Medveščak (Zagreb Bears) hockey game. Finnish Grandfather Christmas is called Joulupukki and is almost the same as his Croatian counterpart Djed Mraz /Djed Božićnjak (Grandfather Frost/Grandfather Christmas) The US-based Coca-Cola Santa Claus was designed by the son of Finnish emigrants, Haddon Sundblom. He's dressed more modern now from the very first Santa Clauses of the Upper Paleolithic, but his beard is probably not much different looking from those times. Photogallery HERE and HERE.

Yep, Quite possibly this is the best Christmas story of all time when you really think about it, the story of the first holiday seasons and magical animals from tens of thousands of years ago. Yep, a perfect holiday post that explores the history of lots of stuff, even including today's jolly ol' Santa Claus.

(Note: This post was updated in 2014. I added to the original post some amazing facts and information after recent very interesting and enlightening archeological and scientific discoveries. Remarkable results from archeological projects and scientists that give a much better view of and insight into the lives and times of the Neanderthals human species and of modern human races. All the information, images presented are based on scientific results archeological evidence and other results. (I also decided to add some personal commentary, however commentary based on the facts and science, and I even added some humour to keep it fresh as well as informative, sort of little rest-interludes between all the amazing facts) As new scientific DNA results and other findings come to discover new information, at times by the day in some cases, the results explain much more about the times preceding the Neanderthals, the times of Cro-Magnon man, and even other species of humans. New information has even surfaced about various other human species and extinct hominids on the planet in different areas that you probably never heard of before, or knew they even existed. You'll learn that there are various explanations for the origins and mysterious appearance of modern man across Europe and Eurasia and the civilizations that followed them. You will learn that there were at times different human species' living simultaneously, each having their own physical characteristics and history. You will come to know some of the routes they took in starting different civilizations, the similarities, the various continuities, the differences, the regional evolutions and their impact to segments of the worlds populations. It's really amazing the things you can learn from using science and all the information resulting from it, newer revelations almost daily in some cases, so I had to update this. (I also found out by doing this post that there are actually lots of hot female scientists and archeologists believe it or not, some of the information presented here is anathema to Taliban types, and other extremist/fundamentalist types, who have agendas and would prefer that these facts and findings never be discussed or explored). However, you will most definitely find some of the following information as amazing and perhaps want to go and take the whole family out to the local museum after reading this post, maybe even become a scientist or archeologist.

Related: international-festival-of-archeology-split



All Non-Africans Part Neanderthal, Genetics Confirm

I came across this cool story about the Krapina Caves near Krapina, Croatia the other day. Here is where over a hundred years ago some nine hundred human fossil bones were discovered in the cave's sandstone deposits, which were 8 meters high. This is the largest and most abundant collection of Neanderthal bones collected at a single locality in the whole world. There has been intensive study on the topic of the Neanderthals, especially over the last few years as archeological digs, scientific projects and newer technologies discover more and more of their remains, past dwelling places and insight into their daily lives. Based on analysis and much study, scientists have even been able to determine that Neanderthals were about 99.7% human, and that if your heritage is non-African, you are part Neanderthal.

Scientists have determined that some of the human X chromosome in modern Humans who's roots are Non-African actually originate from Neanderthals, and that only Non-Africans carry about 1-4% of it.  Based on these findings, it has not yet been determined whether to classify them as a separate species of humans or a subspecies of modern man, ie: Homo sapiens. Either way, scientific analysis and excavation results show that the Proto-Neanderthals existed as far back as over 650,000 years ago, Neanderthals around 150,000 years ago and then they went extinct about 30,000 years ago. They colonized Europe and Western Asia far longer before modern man arrived on the scene or even has been found there up until now, but they importantly left behind some of their genetic makeup behind in European and West Asian DNA especially. (There's various analytical tests going on regarding percentages among all the other Non-African peoples, taking into account various other factors).

Neanderthal skull displayed in the Neanderthal Museum in Krapina, Croatia. Reuters.

However, this turned out to be a very good thing all the test results show. They passed on to the first modern Europeans and Asians disease-resistant genes, but that's not all. It seems they were not as dumb as people were once led to believe either. Neanderthals existed, battled danger, hunted, invented and lived by adapting to the harshest of climates under very formidable circumstances when large parts of Europe were still largely a thick frozen sheet of ice. Actually the most harshest climate ever experienced by a human species in history. They had a larger cranium that by adulthood also meant a bigger brain than modern humans, and a bone structure which made them much stronger than people today, all this benefited our species as we evolved over the centuries.

Harvard Medical School geneticist David Reich (left) and his colleagues estimate that the DNA of living Asians and Europeans is, on average, 2.5 percent Neanderthal. (1-4%) and is a direct result of Neanderthals who lived alongside the early Europeans and Asians. Reich's views are that "Neanderthals live on in non-Africans." More at Photo: Graham Ramsay.

Studies of remains left by Neanderthals include bones and stone tools, but now there are evidences of them burying their dead and burial behavior, (quite certainly also including rituals), cooking of grains and vegetables as well as meats in a stomach lining, not unlike the same method that is used for making haggis, caring for the sick, having dogs as pets, speech and singing. (yep, singing, as well as evidence that they made and played flutes) They made and used flint tools so sharp that they are sharper than a surgeons scalpel, than a razor to shave with.  On top of that, get has also been discovered that they were the ones responsible for the earliest carved stone figurines and earliest cave paintings from around 45,000 years ago, using perspective painting and drawing techniques not seen again until the 15th century European art movements. these are best shown in deep underground caves in France and Belgium (So much for dumb, lurking, simpleton, nose picking, belly rubbing Neanderthal) Let's drop off some modern day humans into almost arctic or very harsh conditions with no modern supplies and see how well they get along, eat, expand and survive for hundreds of thousands of years)  Some recently uncovered and examined Neanderthal cave dwellings in Italy shows that they actually set up their caves like an organized cozy house. (An actual organized home and not just a hovel)  They had a dug lower level section of the cave at the back where they slept on mats that they made from grasses, taking advantage of heat traveling from another higher area on the main ground where they cooked with a controlled fire/hearth, (yep, Neanderthals figured out the magics of how to make and control fire, nobody showed or told them how)...another area where they painted on walls with charcoal, performed rituals, ate, sang and danced, like a recreation room. They slaughtered and skinned animals near the front opening of the cave/home, throwing out bones, refuse and unwanted items outside the front of the cave to keep the interior cave-home neat and tidy and hygenic. (Like taking garbage to the curb) Every area of the cave had a specific purpose and was organized that way.

 'Panel of Hands' in El Castillo Cave, Spain, showing red disks and hand stencils made by blowing or spitting paint onto the wall. The drawings are believed to be made by Neanderthals. A date from a disk shows the painting to be around 45,000 years old, making it the oldest known cave art in Europe. Pedro Saura/AAAS/AP

'Anatomically correct' and 'properly colored' cave painting horses dated to over 35,000 years ago. More information:

Some other revelations and recent new discoveries about this previously thought "primitive human species" have led scientists to re-assess their definition of what exactly is a "unique human trait". It seems Neanderthals were much more like modern humans than we previously thought or were led to believe. For instance, now it is known that for many thousands of years previously......

.....the average male Neanderthal would be capable of bench pressing 500 lbs, (women around 300 lbs), it was commonplace to hunt game (but much more larger and dangerous animals than today) each animal weighing upwards of 3000 lbs, hunting with their own complex tool "engineering" technology (yep "engineering"...they knew what they were doing and making, tools which were much more complicated to make than thousands of years later homo sapien technology. This has been verified after years of simulation experiments by scientists), some tools were comprised of complex designed stone flints fastened to wooden shafts with leather, but they also figured out how to make a "man-made pitch from heating birch tree bark" (after chemical analysis it was found to be a man made and manufactured thermal plastic material...a superglue, NOT SAP as thought at first. It included a pitch extraction thermal process several hours long involving 600° heat from a controlled fire and a dry distillation with exclusion of oxygen (they knew frikin oxygen-free dry distillation).. this would make Neanderthals the engineers of the worlds first and oldest synthetic material as well as the first to introduce a genuine industrial process, NOT US, and all this "only" about 200,000 years ago. Archaeologists have so far been unable to replicate this manufacturing process using Palaeolithic technology alone). Evidence was found at the Campitello quarry in central Italy. Here, the remains of an extinct elephant lay close to two large lumps of black pitch, which covered the end of two stone flakes crafted in a typical Neanderthal style. The Campitello find dates back over 200,000 years, during an ice age long before the iron and bronze age and even the use of pottery, sometimes many miles from the nearest birch trees. These discoveries lead scientists to believe that they surely must have had some kind of language skills. There are evidences of making jewelry for adornment purposes, possibly for rituals. Evidences for Neanderthal symbolism in fragments of Manganese dioxide minerals in their caves with their tips intentionally worn down as if to be used like a crayon for drawing. Archeologists discovered in their caves cut marks on the wing bones of birds of prey and crows, birds of little value for food, which suggests Neanderthals were cutting them to decorate their homes and bodies or hair. Small same sized sea shells in Neanderthal dwellings in Spain with a neatly pierced round hole in each of  the shells which would allow them to be worn as ornaments when stringed together along with similar pierced beads and sharp large teeth from much larger lions and tigers that once roamed across Europe. Some larger shells have revealed faint traces of hematite (iron ore), a red mineral often used as pigment, these shells with the hematite point marks and nearby horse bone splinters with hematite on each of their pointy tips suggests the shells were used as a type of cosmetic make up pouch to paint themselves, (Basically a compact) for ritual, identification, body paint or decorative reasons. A carefully placed Neanderthal skeleton intentionally buried in a carefully placed pose along with 2 carefully placed amputated panther paws, suggesting ritualistic burial or offerings. They sewed hides with fine bone needles for clothing, developed strong weaved ropes to ascend and descend caves they inhabited far below the surface, they carved small stone figurines and even carved animals and designs into handles of their tools and weapons and much, much more. All this before even the appearance of modern man on the scene. More is being discovered every day.......... 

After sequencing the Neanderthal genome and analyzing more than a billion fragments of ancient DNA, researchers were restructuring the genome with DNA strands from a 38,000-year-old fossilized leg bone found in a cave in Croatia. They also used material from older remains, some up to 70,000 years old, from Germany, Spain, Russia and Belgium. In December 2013, scientists reported  for the first time, the entire genome of a Neanderthal. The genome was extracted from a 130,000-year-old Neanderthal found in a Siberian cave. Already in 2007, DNA evidence taken from Neanderthal fossils recovered from El Sidron in northern Spain and Monti Lessini, Italy found they carried the MC1R gene, which would account for some of them having red and blondish hair, blue eyes as well skin that was adaptive at higher altitudes because it allowed more UVB radiation to penetrate, which promotes Vitamin D synthesis. It was also found that the European Early Modern Humans (Cro-Magnon man) remarkably also already possessed this gene as well. Below are some of the reconstructions based on their findings which shows Neanderthals did not look like apes at all as we originally thought they did up until recently, but much closer to modern man.....

1950's poster. It sold movie tickets and maybe Hallowe'en masks, but erroneous first assumptions were totally wrong about the appearance, customs, culture and intellect of Neanderthal man.

Hugh Fearnly as a Neanderthal.

A reconstruction of an old Neanderthal woman from the Saint Césaire site in France.

Kate Winslet as a Neanderthal.

Croatian version Santa Claus with his helper elves and including his ancient stone age beard, seen at a mall in the city of Osijek. Santa Claus stopped delivering presents to parts of Africa ever since Michael Rockefeller was eaten by cannibals. 

Around 3500 years ago during the Bronze Age, Perun took on the role of Santa Clause. In those days he used to give out shiny gold apples and sweet cakes made with berries, honey and nuts during the holiday seasons. This was the origins of what we today call fruitcake, though many people back then didn't like to eat it either. (Only much later during the Iron Age era did he have his elves start making kolači and palačinke)

Perun/Santa Clause during those stone age did not have elves as helpers yet, so the bears, wolves and other animals used to help him make toys and clothes and travel across the lands. He also used to ride a horse instead of riding a sleigh because sleighs weren't invented yet. In those days the Croats used to be called the Veneti, Venethi or Venedi, and by even other names sometimes, and the bears and wolves would follow his every command. 

Scarlett Johansson as a Neanderthal. An analysis of the genetic variation showed that Neanderthal DNA is 99.7 percent identical to most present-day humans. (According to various DNA results, if the reader is of Non-African descent then you have about 45% of your basic building block DNA in common with a banana and watermelon, 47% with a fruit fly and honey bee, about 70% with a pig, 80% with a dog and mouse, 90% with a cat and bear and about 94% with a chimp. These figures then buttress an amazing and important fact for those concerned, when as much as 4% of your entire DNA structure is in common with and comes ONLY from the Neanderthals).

Some men or women on the planet are erroneously called Neanderthals these days, however in reality they aren't Neanderthals but instead something else entirely, scientists and paleontologists are still studying their fossils and various things.

The Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II after DNA analysis was found to have possessed either naturally red or probably blonde hair. More on this and the Neanderthal connection later.

Angelina Neanderthalesis. Neanderthal DNA that is found in many modern humans today means that Neanderthalesis never really went completely extinct, as their DNA was carried forward into our DNA. 

Brad Pitt Neanderthalesis. Data from numerous test results show that while Cro-Magnon and Upper Paleolithic people were already "European" from about 35,000 B.P. (ie: straight/wavy various colored hair, sometimes even braided, paler skin with Caucasoid general appearance of the skulls: straight faces, noses, and so forth), Neanderthals were also known to possess straight hair (even red and blonde hair) paler skin/freckles, ability to tan during summers and even possessed various colors of eyes also. More on the linear Neanderthal/Cro Magnon Eurasian DNA continuum later.

Hugh Jackman as a Neanderthal. Numerous anthropologists and scientists believe that if Neanderthal man was alive today, because of his brute strength, keen eye and accurate tool and weapon use, he would probably be batting around .857 and hit a home run 9 times out of 10 up to bats in the Major Leagues.

On the left, a reconstruction Neanderthal model at The Natural History Museum exhibition in London. (Copyright Trustees of NHM) and on the right, former Croatian football midfielder and football analyst for SKY Italia and RTL Televizija in Croatia, Zvonimir Boban. Notice the uncanny similarity in facial hair, the same hair colour and texture. Did Neanderthal man play a form of soccer as well? probably.

Hollywood actress Gillian Anderson who portrays agent Dana Scully in X-Files, also without a doubt  possesses Neanderthal DNA. As Neanderthals migrated across large parts of Europe, they verily must have met Cro-Magnon populations arriving from western Eurasia, the end result being the introduction of newer Pleistocene age culture, technologies and other stuff.

The Neanderthal and Eurasian Cro-Magnon DNA, their cognitive painting and flute/jewelry making abilities as well as the other physical attributes variations mentioned earlier, are also plainly evident in the 70's supergroup ABBA. Many costume stores try to emulate ABBA's inherited Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon appearance and artistic and musical abilities.

Although these modern days teeth sharpening is a popular fashion trend, unfortunately Neanderthals aren't known to have been as artistically advanced.

Shakira Neanderthalesis. Neanderthal-derived DNA accounts for an estimated 1–4% of the Eurasian genome. Findings show that the DNA difference between many modern humans and Neanderthals is only 3 million base pairs out of the total of 6 billion base pairs in the human genome. This figure amounts to 0.5% difference between Neanderthal/Human DNA and incredibly this is the same DNA base pair difference on average as between you and a stranger on the street. (base pairs which account for gender and individual inherited differences such as hair color, eye color, height, facial characteristics, etc) Results also show that Cro-Magnon DNA is identical to the DNA sequences of modern Europeans. 

A reconstruction of a Neandethal man somewhere. 

An example of apps available which can show you what you would look like as a full-fledged Neanderthal. DNA admixture from the Neanderthals to the westward spreading Eurasian Cro-Magnon populations is a long-lasting beneficial and important part of many modern humans.

To this day, no Neanderthal or Cro-Magnon skeletal remains evidence has ever been found in Africa. 

DNA results show that Neanderthals also had every type and shade of hair. The Neanderthal contribution to Cro-Magnons (EEMH) and Stone Age Eurasian populations also contributed to the continued process of freckles as well as eye color. The end result being various human species' in Eurasia that were very different from African populations. Amazingly, African populations instead had DNA contributions by mating with a now extinct species of hominid that was separate from modern humans, many scientists believe it to have been Homo erectus. More on this later.

Without a doubt, "Jelica" the logo for Croatian meats and meat products Gavrilović company, also shows evidence of the Cro-Magnon and Neanderthal heritage. Bluish eyes, brown/russet straight and wavy hair and a ruddy complexion and pigmentation are clear signs and traits of the presence of Neanderthal DNA.

Chelsea Clinton seen when she was younger on the left, and on the right an image portraying her to look like a Neanderthal. Svante Pääbo who is a Swedish biologist specializing in evolutionary genetics at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany, has stated that if you take two random unrelated humans today, they will differ in millions of places in their genetic code, especially between Africans and Non-Africans. But that the Neanderthal genome varies on average from that of modern humans in only about a hundred thousand positions, with the highest frequency of commonality especially evident among Europeans and Asians.

An undated image of former U.S. President Bill Clinton transformed to look like a Neanderthal at a Hallowe'en party. 

Reconstruction of a Neanderthal in a downtown setting wearing a suit and after a shave and haircut. Here he is seen looking for some pitch.

Unfortunately, 80,000 years ago dental hygiene and hair conditioner science wasn't perfected yet. 

There were variations among some Neanderthals during paleolithic times. Above is a museum display featuring Serbian Neanderthals.

Neanderthals were the first human species to invent the concept of camping.

Besides the known scientific data, archaeologists and paleontologists have discovered conclusive evidences that many behavioral characteristics were passed down also, above we see some members of the Croatian handball and water polo teams. Notice the uncanny resemblance to the Neanderthal portrayed in the previous photo in the cave, a natural hereditary reaction from those times perhaps? (such as "This is my cave, I'll throw this rock at you!", or as per the camping scenario "Hey you there go find some mammoth steaks, I will build a fire and protect the cave!", did they perhaps also play a form of handball and water polo during the paleolithic? probably).

Neanderthal child seen waiting for some charbroiled mammoth. Due to their constant movement, foraging and hunting, a typical calorie intake for the average adult Neanderthal male would have been about 5000 calories a day.

Evidence Shows Neanderthals Were The Earliest Artists, Inventors & Jewelry Designers

Anthropologist Davorka Radovcic, a curator at the Croatian Natural History Museum in Zagreb, shows a white-tailed eagle talon, one of eight found at the famous Krapina Neanderthal site. After research they found that the Neanderthals crafted the world’s earliest jewellery from eagle talons 130,000 years ago, well before the arrival of Cro-Magnon populations into Europe from Eurasia. Video and article source:

Much more accurate DNA-based reconstruction has also shown that they didn't look much different from us, hence the not surprising idea of interbreeding at some past distant point. The source population of non-African modern humans 70,000 years ago (Early Modern Man) was already more closely related to Neanderthals than others in Africa, which long before then had ancient genetic divisions even within itself and was not a factor in the early European genetics or play a part in the European DNA evolutionary process. (There were actually at least 3 species of Humans (or perhaps sub-species of Humans) that co-existed in Europe and Asia at the same time)  It is known however, that Neanderthal and early European modern man genetic hybridization resulted in the first "Europeans". Researchers recovered ancient DNA of Neanderthals by extracting the DNA from specimens from the Vindija Cave, Croatia, and other bones found in Spain, Russia, and Germany and elsewhere. Results found genetic evidence for fair skinned, light and even red haired as well as blue eyed and even DNA evidence for freckles. The long held assumption of a lurking, hairy, gorilla-like appearance is now seen to be incorrect, as well as the previous held assumptions about their intelligence. They definitely were not sitting around scratching themselves and eating bugs. This is fascinating stuff that has been coming out over even just the past 3 years. The analysis and research of David Reich, a geneticist at the Harvard Medical School and who is behind many of these recent discoveries is "Neanderthals live on in non-Africans."

Krapina Neanderthal Museum stamp. Image:
 More information:

Archaeological evidence shows the two human species overlapped for a few thousand years, and then they went extinct about 30,000 years ago. Some possible scenarios hypothesized over the decades for their disappearance is inbreeding, another is paralleling colonialist history where pathogens introduced by our species eventually reached a pandemic over time which led to their demise, (like examples with some native peoples in history), as well as the least romantic possibility of violent conflict, meaning over time as there was change in climate and increasing competition for food, less numerous game to hunt and shrinking hunting territory, we basically eventually hunted them down and killed them off. (I told you it wasn't romantic) Another hypothesis is as familiar plants and animals were being replaced by completely different ones within a lifetime due to drastic climate change, as well also that since they were outnumbered 10 to1, then over thousands of years the Neanderthals DNA was absorbed by the dominant humans...basically they were bred out and genetically swamped. However, now we know that some interbreeding took place in western Asia about 50,000 to 80,000 years ago, as evidenced by the up to 4 percent of the material of genomes carried by non-African people living today.  The evidence and time factors indicate that the 2 populations lived in Eurasia and then Europe at the same to for about 10,000 to 20,000 years and coexisted as separate populations. Then over time as the Neanderthal male lineage dwindled, most likely due to disease, injuries and deaths connected to hunting especially and other reasons, the remaining female Neanderthals would then most likely have been absorbed into the Cro-Magnon populations that they came across. (Some people think Jesus, Muhammad and God cursed them all because they coveted their neighbor's spears/flints and caves and they did not tithe to their local Pastor/Priest/Eunuch/Imam or Rabbi, so they sent John Hagee, Creflo Dollar and Benny Hinn to give them salty plagues and curses of raining burning sulphure from Peter Popoff's hair spray which did smite them all to hell. Perhaps they turned gay and so all of them disappeared in just a few years. On the flip side ironically, Jesus, Mary, Krishna, Noah et al, also had Neanderthal DNA. It's a conundrum). This Neanderthal extinction topic is still being debated, investigated and studied intensively.

"Hey, you gotta light and some synthetic superglue? My fires gone out and the spear broke". Modern man and Neanderthal. For hundreds of thousands of years Neanderthals lived across Europe and western Eurasia hunting game and doing science experiments in their caves. Photo: Flickr user Young Yun.

Whatever the reasons for their final departure from history, I guess all we can do is be thankful that they passed onto us some of themselves which benefited modern man immensely through the evolution of many later centuries of history and evolving culture, providing the modern humans who took their place with a ready-mixed cocktail of disease-resistant genes. New variants of immune system genes called the HLA class I genes, which are critical for our body's ability to recognize and destroy pathogens. HLA genes are some of the most variable and adaptable genes in our genome  Studies show that we owe much of the power of our immune system to genes we picked up from Neanderthals.

Also, when you take into consideration just the few points mentioned here about the evidences of their intellectual development and, (I guess you could call it "Neanderthal culture" actually), when you think about it, maybe they passed on to us genetic material from their DNA that enabled us to later evolve into artists, scientists, inherit the desire for art, ritual and adornment, as well as to adapt to formidable conditions and climates, and very importantly the quest for experimentation, exploration and invention. The first scientists and engineers would actually also not be a wrong evaluation and description. This Neanderthal seems to have been a boon to the evolving Early Modern Man and Early European people, almost like a creative/artist/inventor/scientist/explorer gene which also helped our immune system. All we have to do is compare the cultures that diverged and evolved so long ago. Scientists and archeology results show that Neanderthal and Non-Neanderthal affected evolving cultures had a very contrasting linear continuity.....

We inherited DNA which may have contributed to the quest to newer frontiers, epochs, inventions and discoveries. (Probably thanks to the Neanderthals we went on to use water to bathe in well over 300,000 years ago, and this most likely led to today's soaps and 2 in 1 shampoo/conditioners)

They actually found that the highest levels of this Neanderthal DNA is to be found in parts of Italy, and that is where many centuries later the Etruscan civilization was to be found. Was Neanderthal artistic and engineering genes and DNA at work there? In ancient Greece? Early Rome? During the Aurignacian culture? the Pavlovian culture? the Bronze Age? the Corded Ware culture? Przeworsk culture? Hallstatt culture? Milograd culture? The Ertebølle culture and contemporaneous Linear Pottery culture? (Around modern day Ukraine Neanderthals were found to have made sturdy homes using large mammoth tusks and bones)  The various and many numerous other early cultures? For even the eventual appearance of the Proto-Indo-European languages according to the Kurgan hypothesis? It could very well be. So Neanderthals did not die out completely, but came along for the ride through genetics and are still with us here today. (Perhaps it was Neanderthal genes in the above and other examples, that was psychically tapping modern man on the shoulder and whispering "Hey listen, why don't you try taking some of that melted copper and throw in some tin, just call it bronze" etc...etc)

Neanderthals dominated the extremely cold and tundra-like conditions and colonized from Europe at the Atlantic ocean all the way  to western Asia for hundreds of thousands of years. Results show that there is no way an unintelligent human species during all that time could travel such long distances and leave traces of their lives behind unless they had a well functioning brain, elevated senses and a speech. Their daily calorie intake alone was 3 times of what we eat today, in order to be able to withstand the temperatures, replenish spent energy and then continue on. (Prey doesn't come to you, you have to go after the prey, and they weren't just sitting around. A hunting trip could last days or weeks, then carrying the massive carcasses back many miles to their homes). Their brains must have been on overdrive continually, always inquisitive, always searching under every rock, behind every rock, tree and bush for new sources of food or prey. Always searching for new things that may be of use to them in some way. Food, shelter, weapons, decorative items, etc.

Their brains must have always been ticking and tocking time to sit around and freeze, wither away or get eaten themselves. They developed the ability of making fire on their own, but knew also how to keep it in such wintery and brutal weather. For cooking, warmth and also protection, especially at night when the predators were more numerous and much more bigger and dangerous than today...tick...tock...tick....tock.....Neanderthals must have been a very independent, inquisitive, intelligent and not to be messed around with human species, (that whole 500 lb bench press and well muscled thing)...very functioning cognitive skills combined with brute strength and a focused strong will. Outnumbered 10 to 1 and they still continued on for over 10,000 years alongside modern man. Definitely not a knuckle dragging and gallivanting human species. Early Modern Europeans (aka Cro-Magnon man in some circles)..owes much to this early species of humans who walked the lands long before him and for a much, much longer time.

(There is much more however, regarding this topic of Early European and Modern Man, and more is being discovered almost daily. For instance, that including the Denisovians, there were actually 3 known (so far) species of humans inhabiting all of Eurasia at the same times in different areas. Denisovians went on to play a larger part with Eastern Asia and the Pacific Islanders, based largely on "X woman", the source of  the discovered mysterious unknown line. The scientists also discovered that the Denisovans interbred with an unknown human lineage that diverged as a separate human species from modern humans, Neanderthals and Denisovians between 4 million and 900,000 years ago. In 2008 Russian archaeologists discovered the Denisovan find in a Siberian cave, and later German and Swedish biologists after analysis discovered it to be a distinct separate line of human species that diverged and predated the Homo erectus as well as the Neanderthals, yet all 3 species of humans are known to have lived in the same area at one time or another. The Denisova cave remains are dated to 40,000 years ago. The Denisovans share up to 8 percent of their genome with the separate “super archaic” and totally unknown species that dates back around 1 million years. (Interestingly, recent non-comparative DNA analysis indicates an African admixture with an archaic population that went on to become extinct) At the end of the day, it seems it was several distinct species of humans and divergences that eventually resulted in modern man, especially Early European Modern Humans in this particular case.

Interestingly, even though we know that Neanderthals went extinct about 30,000 years ago, there was no direct evidence in the 20th century that there was any DNA admixture between Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon peoples in Europe. The first clues and physical evidence showed up only 17 years ago. In 1998, this discovery of an early Upper Paleolithic human burial at Abrigo do Lagar Velho, Portugal, by the team led by pre-history archeologist João Zilhão, provided evidence of early modern humans arriving from west of the Iberian Peninsula. The remains, called the Lapedo child, is the largely complete skeleton of an approximately 4-year-old child, buried with pierced shell and red ochre, and is dated to 24,500 years ago. The discovery of the skeleton showed that the cranium, mandible, dentition, and postcrania presented a mosaic of  Cro-Magnon (European Early Modern Human) and Neanderthal features. Dr. Erik Trinkaus, a paleoanthropologist at Washington University in St. Louis then commented that without a doubt "They intermixed, interbred and produced offspring."

 The first forensic facial reconstruction of the hybrid Neanderthal and Modern Human found in Portugal in 1998, named the 'Lapedo Child'. His skeleton included both Neanderthal and Modern Human physical features, this even 5,000 to 10,000  years after Neanderthals had already disappeared elsewhere in Europe, many thousands of years before the area was occupied by the African Moors and Berbers. Image: More info:

Chronological steps in reconstructing the cranium and facial features of the Neanderthal/Cro-Magnon hybrid "Lapedo Child".

He was a physical hybrid, scholars concluded, and the first strong physical evidence of interbreeding between the groups of Cro-Magnons and Neanderthals in Europe. The boy, who was about 4 years old at death, had the prominent chin and other facial characteristics of a fully modern human, but his stocky body and short legs were those of a Neanderthal. Dr. Erik Trinkaus compared the limb proportions with Neanderthal skeletons, including some children, and said he was then sure of the skeleton's implications. The new discovery at long last resolved the question of what happened to the Neanderthals, the stereotypical stocky, heavy-browed "cave men." The female Neanderthals may have merged with some of the modern humans arriving from Eurasia, called Cro-Magnons, who appeared to have arrived into that part of Europe with a more streamlined physique and a superior tool culture. In that case, it was assured that some Neanderthal genes survive in most Europeans and people of European descent. At the time, theories about possible interbreeding were still not proven, however the discovery of the 4 year old boy hybrid skeleton in Portugal changed things immensely. It was physical proof of a hybrid human with Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon features, and this even about 5,000 to 10,000 years after Neanderthals went extinct all across the rest of Europe. This skeleton discovery and the findings led to speculations by scholars that Neanderthal populations could have remained in the Gibraltar area and of modern day Portugal until 28,000 years ago, or possibly even later, making it the longest refuge of Neanderthals in all of Europe.

It is believed that these more populous and streamlined swifter moving modern humans were more technologically advanced with better tools and weapons, their longer limbs making them better hunters to attack the now swifter prey and moving herds. When these Cro-Magnon hunters swept westward across Europe and then finally into Iberia, they therefore must have encountered the remaining Neanderthals there and in a short time taken over as hunters, becoming the competing and eventually the ruling peoples. We know that some interbreeding took place in western Asia about 50,000 to 80,000 years ago, as evidenced by the up to 4 percent of the material of genomes carried by non-African people living today. The evidence suggests that during this process the male Neanderthal lineage had dwindled greatly due to disease, injuries and hunting deaths. The remaining female Neanderthals during this time would then have been absorbed into any Cro-Magnon populations they came across, so it is very probable that Cro-Magnon hunters then bred with some of them. This scenario based on the evidence put forth by scholars would have greatly contributed to the soon final extinction of the Neanderthals. Some studies point towards a scenario where Neanderthals may have kidanapped/abducted a Cro-Magnon female(s). Dr Trinkaus said that in Spain and Portugal the spread of early modern humans was very late, compared to the transition elsewhere in Europe. "While the fossil record is scant, previous finds have indicated Neanderthals endured in the cul-de-sac of Iberia 5,000 to 10,000 years after they had been replaced or absorbed elsewhere in Europe and Eurasia," he said.

The Pula Archaeological Museum  recently also opened up a "Way of the Neanderthals" exhibit. Photogallery Here)

These genetic divergences prove various linear evolving DNA and genetic mutations, with their accompanying physical and even cultural characteristics which are shown in the records, they give a clearer understanding even into the forming of today's various races. From where and when they appeared. Scientists have known now for quite some time that it was western Eurasia that played the largest part in the populating of early Europe, meaning that it was from western Asia (Including also Siberia) where the largest migrations into Europe proper originated from and which are most closely and directly responsible for the populating of early Europe and of today's eventual modern day Europeans, and not Africa. All these DNA results, archeological discoveries and migration patterns information gets even more interesting, because they even found out that these west Asian and central Asian populations of Cro-Magnons (Early European Modern Humans) are not only responsible for the first Europeans (after the Neanderthals of course) but they also contributed to the first Native Americans, which would make Native Americans part European. Now that's fascinating. Those more northern and west Eurasian populations sure were traveling a lot, far and wide beyond the Levant. The ones traveling the land bridge to the new world even took the Neanderthal DNA with them as well. (Remember though, Eurasia is huge and it actually includes part of Europe) Who knows? We may even eventually discover how these divergences, DNA admixtures and accompanying cultural traits went on to affect/influence even their later various ethnocultural histories, perhaps even the way these factors contributed to and affected how they adapted to and occupied new regions, especially starting at the Upper Paleolithic at the colder northern climates (aka Late Stone Age)...from there through the Bronze and Iron Age is when things start getting really interesting again though, because then you eventually reach the very interesting Corded ware culture, the Zarubintsy culture (who were cool because they also placed food and decorative ornaments in their burials)...then later of course you got your Proto-Balto-Slavs, Proto-Slavs, Veneti, various kinds of Goths, Etruscans, Romans, Celts, Germanic, Sclaveni-Slavs and then eventually yours truly...Croats. Come to think of it, this topic of gene admixture is reminiscent of the early Slav and Goth elements of Croatian early history also. More on that Here). Much is being learned daily, things are being proven and unproven, reproven and corrected again as newer technologies and more archeological projects find material to study and new questions arise. These facts still do not explain however, as to why Jesus, who without a doubt would have had Neanderthal DNA, the same as Noah and his mother Mary, was able to make fish sticks appear and disappear but he couldn't make Neanderthals reappear or at least turn fish sticks into other foods and more often. Is there a correlation between the fish sticks continuum and the Neanderthals?..symbolizing and alluding to Cro-Magnon man eventually becoming the undisputed successor line and continuity up to today, just as in the case of the uninterrupted fish stick continuum? Perhaps one day we will find fish sticks from the Levant regions or the Caucasus in Siberian caves also?)

The fish continuity may very well be an esoteric affirmation of the Neanderthal gene continuum. Is it not strange that Neanderthals and Jesus both made things "appear"? (However, you will later see that Jesus didn't exist or any of the other related superheroes either, because he was actually a Raptor as has been proven). As in the case of birch bark pitch vis-a-vis fish sticks? (One can clearly see that the baskets below are filled with the bready biscuits and.....the already appeared fish sticks) Is it not strange also how Jesus looked like James Gandolfini if he had more hair and was thinner? Just like he said that he will come as a "thief in the night", this is of course verification that it is at night when he will hunt for the Neanderthal essence across the lands. It is only at night when the stars chart the paths around Polaris, and so naturally the Neanderthal bones and skeletons must be searched for..."like a thief in the night". The Neanderthal bones surely will not suddenly "appear" like the fish sticks did, fish did not live as Neanderthals did nor were they capable of making pitch.

Front man for the alternative rock band "Queens of the Stone Age" Josh Homme has red hair, and so without a doubt carries Neanderthal genes, just like Moses. This may very well partly explain his superlative finger work while playing guitar, as Neanderthals also used their fingers in uncanny ways when playing flutes, designing jewelry, painting and of course making pitch etc.

It is quite evident that Croatian model Marina Jakšić also without a doubt inherited Neanderthal DNA and so is directly descended from Jesus' mother Mary. Many models on the cover of numerous fashion and bikini magazines remarkably also have Neanderthal DNA. Some archeologists have surmised that Mary most likely had red or reddish hair and was probably a part-time fashion model during her life. (More Croatian models with hybrid Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon DNA at

Just one of many examples in the Croatian entertainment industry, recording artist Jelena Rozga also shows the visible Cro-Magnon and Neanderthal traits. There have also been a number of archaeological discoveries over the years proving that Neanderthals sang and entertained in their caves, do we perhaps owe the Neanderthals gratitude for the music industry also? probably.

Many scholars and people who read books have published numerous material which sheds even more light on these and related topics. Although dinosaurs went extinct 66 million years ago, Jesus was probably the very first dinosaur cowboy, preceding biblical superheroes probably also rode dinosaurs.

On the other hand, many religious leaders and experts agree, along with 4 out of 5 dentists, based on archeological evidence and text sources, that Jesus was very likely and most probably a Raptor. (aka a reincarnation of Raptor Jesus) Perhaps some time in the future we will find his fossils and DNA also.

John D. Morris, Ph.D from the Institute for Creation Research has these interesting words to add about the subject, which pretty well sums it all up and explains everything: "...From a creationist perspective, the Neanderthals were descendants of Noah—a language group that migrated away from Babel and found themselves in harsh "Ice Age" conditions with a meager lifestyle. Linguistic and geographic isolation may have produced a variant......"

Noah without a doubt helped save the Neanderthal gene continuity. It is recorded in biblical sources that the last step in making the ark was painting it outside with..... pitch. Coincidence? The Bible then proves that this would have been many thousands of years after it was already invented by Neanderthals, as already discussed. One can also clearly see mermaids in the image below, and so they also must have existed during that time. These are undoubtedly the ancient Rusalki and Water Nymphs of later Early Slavic lore.

Coincidentally, the centuries old Coat of Arms of the Croatian city of Karlovac, as well as the logo of the beer brand Karlovačko, have images of the above mentioned Water Nymphs/Mermaids. This may very well be a proof that after the flood, the water nymphs eventually swam down the Kupa river and settled in the area after the flood waters subsided.

The Neanderthal pitch allowed the ark to stay afloat and not become waterlogged, this way the people drowned but the Rusalki and Water Nymphs survived. The pitch painted on the outside of the ark also made it much easier to prevent drowning foreigners and strange people from climbing into the ark for asylum and so get on Noah's nerves, as well as upset the water buffaloes. (Noah didn't exist either, but the corrupt deers and bunnies still got theirs anyway) Below can be seen the evil families rightfully gasping and drowning as Noah laughs from the ark yelling "I told you to build your own boat bitches! You always sold me the spoiled goats milk and the mushy figs, stealing my grapes to sell to Samlah of Masrekah and the Edomites and Canaanites! Wassup now beotch!?"  Any possible future evil do nothing babies were easily taken care of with a few good waves. Soon after the flood Neanderthals would go on to populate Europe and into Asia to invent pitch. (See link to find out what happened to the dinosaurs)

The above historical and factual image shows us a few important things.

A - Noah and the ark represent the linear continuity of the Cro-Magnon, as well as the Neanderthal DNA. The ark is therefore the channel through which the Neanderthal DNA is forwarded to the next historical chapter, ie: EEMH. It is possible only through the ark that the combined Neanderthal/Cro-Magnon DNA is continued, therefore God desired the preservation of the Neanderthal continuity, and he may have very well planned it that way from the beginning.

B - The ark also represents the continuation of the Neanderthal spiritual essence, the very building blocks of the future hybrid Cro-Magnon/Neanderthal church. The ark is in actuality a floating church/assembly bringing forth the good news to the new world. Noah is the shaman/wizard who in effect saves Neanderthal spiritual essence through Cro-Magnon man. The Neanderthal pitch also symbolizes and is in effect the "spiritual glue" that allows modern humans to gaze upon the stars and behold the same secrets.

C - The drowning evil farmers are those who did not heed the good news of the shaman Noah. They did not believe that Neanderthal spiritual essence was present in Cro-Magnon, for the good of Cro-Magnon civilization. Therefore they are unworthy to partake of the future, any future that is tied to the Neanderthal/Cro-Magnon continuity. After all, if they did not believe in Neanderthal continuity, how would it be possible to reap the fruits of Neanderthals spiritual essence? How would they be able to tap into Neanderthal consciousness which is found within the physical Cro-Magnon, present but in the background, like the moon seen overhead. Noah is therefore the Cro-Magnon shaman, who is also guided by the Neanderthal essence.

In the investigative and fact filled book "In Atlantis and the Kingdom of the Neanderthals" by Colin Wilson, the author presents remarkable evidence of a widespread Neanderthal civilization as the origin of sophisticated ancient knowledge. Examining remarkable archaeological discoveries that date back millennia, he suggests that civilization on Earth is far older than we have previously realized. Using this information as a springboard, Wilson then fills in the gaps in the past 100,000 years of human history, providing answers to previously unexplained scientific and architectural feats of ancient civilizations. Wilson shows that not only did Atlantis exist but that the civilizing force behind it was the Neanderthals.

Far from being the violent brutes they are traditionally depicted as, Wilson shows that the Neanderthals had sophisticated mathematical and astrological knowledge, including an understanding of the precession of the equinoxes, and that they possessed advanced telepathic abilities akin to the “group consciousness” evident in flocks of birds and schools of fish. These abilities, he demonstrates, have been transmitted through the ages by the various keepers of the hermetic tradition--including the Templars, Freemasons, and other secret societies. We know that during the so-called "hidden years" of Jesus, that he traveled to India for a number of years, ancient scrolls revealed that Jesus spent more than a decade in India and Tibet until he was 29, where he was known as Issa. He was both a student and teacher of Buddhist and Hindu scholars, as well as privy to secret Neanderthal telepathic abilities and received their esoteric messages. For many years Issa lived just as the Neanderthals did, in total 17 years are attributed to Issa's travels to tap into the effervescent Neanderthal wisdom which still emanated from their previous dwelling places.

Wilson recalls the words of Stan Gooch, who also points out that many creatures, including pigeons, have a cluster of magnetite in the brain, which is used for homing, and asks if it is not conceivable that Neanderthal man also had a magnetite cluster in the brain, which may have enabled him to detect hematite under the ground. Gooch launches his argument by comparing Neanderthal man with Native Americans, pointing out that in spite of their complex culture, the latter had no written language and built no houses. What would have happened, Gooch asks, if they had been exterminated by disease or some catastrophe, and had simply vanished? Archæologists would find their skeletons and dismiss them as ‘primitives’, just as we dismiss Neanderthals. In Gooch’s view, the original ancient sophisticated culture was Neanderthal. We may doubt this, and prefer to believe that it was our own ancestor, Cro-Magnon. But Gooch certainly had accum­ulated some impressive evidence of the intellectual sophistication of Neanderthal man.

 Until the 19th century, Native Americans were probably also the closest direct continuity of original Neanderthal ritual and spirituality practices not tainted by technology, as well as Neanderthal DNA continuity in the New World. Native Americans also used animal skulls, bones, hides and feathers in their ritual traditions and already knew about the soul and afterlife, all this even long before the arrival of Europeans. Conclusive proof again of the Neanderthal spirituality and ritual continuum.

He speaks, for example, of a find made at Drachenloch in the Swiss Alps, where a 75,000-year-old bear altar was discovered in a cave. In a rectangular stone chest, whose lid was a massive stone slab, archeologists found seven bear skulls, with their muzzles pointing towards the cave entrance. At the back of the cave, there were niches in the wall with six more bear skulls.  He points out the similarity of the legends of Wyom­ing Indians and the ancient Greeks. In the Greek legend, Orion the Hunter pursues the six maidens and their mother through the forest, until Zeus takes pity on them, and changes them all (including Orion) into stars.  According to the Wyoming Indians, the seven sisters are pursued by a bear, and climb up a high rock, which grows until it reaches the sky. This worldwide interest in the Pleiades, he argues, surely indicates that it originated in some very early and once central culture.

Now seven is, of course, a number associated with shamanism and the number six is the number of perfection. The Drachenloch cave was clearly a place of ritual – in effect, a church. A ‘church’ implies a priest or shaman, so Neanderthal man must have had his sham­ans, ‘magicians’ who played an important part in the hunting rituals, as shamans do worldwide. Is it chance that the Moon godd­ess is Diana the Huntress? Is she perhaps also a legacy from Neanderthal man? 

Moreover, as historian of religion Mircea Eliade tells us, there is a worldwide connection between the bear and the Moon. And this might have been guessed from the fact that the number of skulls in the cave was 13 – the number of lunar months in the year. This, and many other clues, led Gooch to infer that the religion of Neanderthal man was based on Moon worship, and Neanderthals were the first ‘star gazers’. These facts also undoubtedly lead to the conclusion that Neanderthals were the first human species to posses a soul and understand the concept of an afterlife. It was for this reason that Jesus followed the eastern trade routes to Asia during his "hidden years" travels, he was telepathically guided to follow the same migration routes of the first souled humans....Neanderthals.

 A 1916 photograph of Jesus/Issa floating around and saving mankind while performing various miracles somewhere along the Mississippi River in Louisiana. This is one of the first instances of him being captured on film in the modern era, so we know he has longer hair now than we originally thought. (See older photograph below) The Son of Neanderthal Man (aka 'Saviour of the World', 'Jew King from Galilee', 'The Southpaw Messiah', 'Best Magician west of Persia', 'The Hebrew Hercules from Hebron' and 'The Desert Wine Drinker') was able to perform more miracles than even Phil Cass or David Blaine, but not as many as Moses. The above photo is of him after spending 40 days and 40 nights in Fontainebleau State Park seeing all kinds of visions. Shortly after the above photo was taken he was crucified again by a group of unidentified schoolchildren in a nearby baseball field along with chants of "Stupid man with the stupid talk! Your bling ain't fashizzle yo!", he was roaming around trying to wash peoples stinky feet and telling them to take his coat and gouge their eyes out as well as telling people to give him back his kingdom. "Contradictory Jesus", who is known for contradicting himself numerous times, prophesied that the above pictured Jesus is a fake and false messiah because he didn't slay even one Roman but told people to remain slaves of Caesar, which is contradictory. (He may also have been spotted in 1973, purportedly living in a room above a Chinese restaurant/laundromat in San Francisco and going by the alias "Sparky" or "Jimbo", usually telling passersby that "I've got a sword not peace bitchez, your gonna eat my body and drink my blood cuz now yer zombies yo!")

The above earlier photograph shows us that Jesus/Issa used to look uncannily exactly like John Frusciante, scientists are still debating as to whether he perhaps ate too many exotic mushrooms in his later life which caused him to babble on incoherently all the time, contradicting himself using parables so that people didn't know he was dumb, except 12 imaginary guys who thought he was a genius, or God, or the genius parable-God of contradictions. (Jesus never existed nor any of the other superheroes staff holders, but the man holding the photo believes it, so it must be true) Strangely, he is also a favorite pendant to wear by gangsta rappers, drive-by shooters and by people shot by drive-by shooters, most likely because he hangs better on a chain than an ark, a burning bush or Job with a huge goitre on his face.

After he returned back years later, it was his new Buddhist/Hindu inspired philosophies that Jesus spread to all his fellow Neanderthal descendents. His shamanic mission concerning the recalling of the Neanderthal consciousness continuity enabled him to in effect become a prototype for a new Neanderthal priesthood. This is the main central importance of the  "Good News"... Issa the son of Mary then made this point even more clearer, when he declared himself to be the "Son of Neanderthal Man". Based upon this information, it would be correct to say that Jesus was most likely a many centuries later shaman or "magician" that stemmed from the preceding Neanderthal priesthood continuity. It is interesting that for those he chose not to spread the illuminations of Neanderthal truths to, he simply referred to them as dogs and fools, which would amount to varmints in today's colloquial speech. It is recorded in scripture that Jesus drew pictures in the dirt with his finger, just as the Neanderthals did. (Unfortunately, in the early centuries many of the truths pertaining to Issa's travels and habitation in India were edited or omitted entirely by writers, who then decided to add their own stories, but they were importantly recorded and kept in Indian writings)  It now seems that this knowledge of the Neanderthal chapter in human history was fundamental to Issa's new philosophy, and intricately intertwined with his own mission. There are also excerpts in the Ramayana Hindu epic which allude to this ancient cosmic memory of the Neanderthals.

Gooch argues that, among much else, the knowledge of precession of the equinoxes, noted by Giorgio de Santillana and Herta von Dechend in Hamlet’s Mill, probably originated with Neanderthal man. Wilson suggests that prehistoric peoples may have had a more intense vision of the world than us.

 Much like the Hindu deities, Issa (Jesus) was able to tap into the aeons old cosmic mysteries of Neanderthal consciousness. Neanderthal ritual and shamanic tradition therefore was an extension of that cosmic awareness leading to metamorphosis and magic. This is the method and philosophy Jesus (Issa) used after leaving India to perform what we today call his "miracles" (Turning water into wine, making fish sticks appear then turning fish sicks into beef kebabs, floating in the air, being able to outstare all the lepers, making monkeys dance like apes, turning twigs into snakes, making cows walk on water, crucifying frogs and raising them from the dead, pulling rabbits out of tunics, beating money changers with never before seen super human strength, example below)

Jesus' famous punch-out scene has been portrayed by numerous Hollywood stars since the 1950's. (Even though Jesus never existed, nor most of the other caped crusaders before him, just one punch would surely have been able to knock out a dinosaur or mammoth)

Wilson suggests that shamanic and prehistoric cultures experienced a kind of ‘group consciousness’ similar to that which certain animal groups seem to possess (as when flocks of birds or schools of fish turn in unison). Prehistoric peoples – including the Neanderthals – did not exist as separate individuals as we do, and as a result they possessed a kind of natural telepathy, which partly explains some of their remarkable feats.....

However, there are many, many unresolved evolutionary mysteries that we are just starting to look into. Many think that Neanderthals interbred with Cro-Magnon's (EEMH) to the point that they are no longer recognizable, in much the same way that the Ainu have merged  into the mainstream of modern Japanese stock. There are many holes and numerous missing areas with no proven answer or concrete evidences. Sometimes previous "truths" have been proven to be wrong, some theories and evidences revert scholarly held beliefs right back to previous theories or searching anew. Yet the lingering DNA evidences of our different Mitochondrial Eve's remain even to this day.

 Neanderthal man (left) and Cro-Magnon man. They were not the only humans species walking the earth and lands across Eurasia, yet each went on to leave behind the most well known legacies.

Cro-Magnon man skull (left) and Neanderthal skull.

Neanderthal cigars are becoming popular because they most surely would have enjoyed a good cigar around the campfire after eating a mammoth dinner. Image:

For instance, there is the parallel Multiregional evolution scientific model which exists, and which provides explanations for regional continuity using  fossil and genomic data and continuity of archaeological cultures  It has been asserted that, over the course of human history, there have been several instances of archaic human admixture with modern humans through interbreeding of modern humans with Neanderthals, Denisovans, and/or possibly other humans that went extinct. DNA analysis has actually proven that African populations have a genetic contribution from a now-extinct archaic African population of hominids. Peking Man was making fire in modern day China around...750,000 years ago!  Gene data suggests that eastern Asian peoples have some genetic legacy from hybridization with older Eurasian populations and this would be consistent with multiregional evolution, which again proves what we already know, that by the time Cro-Magnon man had had inhabited Europe, there were already different human populations found throughout more eastern Asia that had been living there already, having been evolving there for over a million years. Neanderthals were the western Eurasian regional precursor to modern Europeans, this has been proven, but we don't know exactly how many other regional human populations were already inhabiting other parts of Eurasia, and elsewhere, almost 1 million years ago, yet who also contributed to genetic drift. The possibilities are astounding, and factual according to the evidences, that different regions were in the process of their own regional evolutions, with subsequent regional DNA admixture and gene drift/evolution. We don't know how many more human races we may eventually come across.

Added to this and other anomalies, we have the the human skull that challenges the Out of Africa theory outright. The discovery of a skull in Greece that has the potential to change what we know about human evolution, and a suppression and cover-up which followed. The ‘Petralona man’, or Archanthropus of Petralona, as it has since been called, was found to be 700,000 years old, making it the oldest human europeoid (presenting European traits) of that age ever discovered in Europe. Dr. Aris Poulianos’ research showed that the Petralona man evolved separately in Europe and was not an ancestor of a species that came out of Africa. Some authors believe that the Petralona cranium is derived from a unique class of hominids different from Homo erectus. Runnels and van Andel summarise the situation as such : "The only known hominid fossil in Greece that may be relevant is the Petralona hominid, found by chance in 1960 in a deep cavern in the Chalkidiki. Controversy surrounds the interpretation of this cranium, and it has been variously classified as Homo erectus, as a classic Neanderthal (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis), and as an early representative of Homo sapiens in a generalized sense (Day 1986: 91-95). The consensus among paleoanthropologists today is that the cranium belongs to an archaic hominid distinguished from Homo erectus, and from both the classic Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans

Research published in the US in 1971 in the prestigious Archaeology magazine, backed up the findings that the skull was indeed 700,000 years old. This was based on an analysis of the cave’s stratigraphy and the sediment in which the skull was embedded within. Further research in the cave discovered isolated teeth and two pre-human skeletons dating back 800,000 years, as well as other fossils of various species. Today, most academics who have analyzed the Petralona remains say that the cranium of the Archanthropus of Petralona belongs to an archaic hominid distinguished from Homo erectus, and from both the classic Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans, but showing characteristics of all those species and presenting strong European traits. The Petralona hominid, specifically, was located in a stratigraphic layer containing the most amount of tools and traces of habitation. Poulianos states that the age of the overall layer is approximately 670,000 years old, based on electron spin resonance measurements. Further excavations at Petralona revealed two human skeletons that were dated to be 800,000 years old. Any skull found in Greece dating back at least 700,000 years which is either Homo sapien or part Homo sapien is in direct conflict with the Out of Africa theory of human evolution.  (More on this HERE)

To complicate matters even more for the scientific and archeology community, which also means us and the view of the real world, we also have the very recent discovery of  "Enigma Man". This discovery again throws other previous "accepted" evolutionary models into the trash bin and seems to fall in line with the facts presented about the above Petralona Man. The following are excerpts from an Australian article....."Has an Australian scientist been instrumental in helping discover a new species of human? And what does this mean for our understanding of human evolutionary history? With Enigma Man we follow the groundbreaking research of Aussie paleoanthropologist Darren Curnoe and his Chinese colleague, paleontologist Ji Xueping. Their study of ancient human remains found in a remote cave in South-west China looks at the idea there may have been another species of human existing alongside our ancestors as recently as 11,000 – 14,000 years ago. Dubbed the '‘Red Deer Cave people’', these ancient people, or, more precisely, their remains – so similar, yet so physically different from us – are much, much younger than our Neanderthal relatives, posing some seriously interesting questions. Were they really another human species? And if so, what happened to them? Why did they die out? How did they live? And what were their interactions with our own early relatives? "The classic example is the Neanderthals – everyone has heard of them, even if you don’t know much about them. What we are proposing is that instead of the Neanderthals being the last of the other human-like creatures [before it was] just us, we are in fact saying, well, no, this other group survived until much more recently." Full article at

Interestingly, scientific results show that there were distinct African and Asian populations of the larger general species Homo erectus. This leads to the use of the term "Homo erectus sensu stricto" for the Asian Homo erectus. Homo erectus remains one of the most long-lived species of Homo, having existed over a million years, while it is interpreted by some that Homo sapiens so far has existed for 200,000 years. "Petralona Man" however has been dated to around 800,000 years. DNA evidences also suggest that the ancestors of a part of the African population had in fact genetically interbred by inter-species mating with another species of hominin that was separate from modern humans species, it is thought by some scientists to most likely be Homo erectus, who's offspring can even be found today. (Comparison above of an African Homo erectus with a Belarusian fashion designer and a Ukrainian cosmonaut featuring typical modern day Negroid, (aka Congoid) features as well as the extinct Homo erectus species traits) DNA results attest that EEMH (aka Cro-Magnon) and Asian multiregional evolutionary models did not follow the same process as the African evolutionary model. (You will see later the amazing facts of how Cro-Magnons (aka EEMH) from at least 40,000 years ago is not only synonymous to EEMH genetically and in physical features, but that Cro-Magnon also contradicts Darwinian and any evolutionary patterns also. Cro-Magnons appeared in Europe and Eurasia as a completely new separate species of human and an archeological anomaly. (ie: a mysterious species that evolved in Eurasia) An EEMH population that did not resemble any other human population on earth, and his appearance can not be accounted for using previous evolutionary patterns. Also, Petralona Man adds another evidence that contradicts some current interpretations, Poulianos has shown evidence that the skull found in Petralona, Greece may in fact be the lineage responsible for the Thessalian Lower Paleolithic sites.

(Afterall, it would be a mistake to assume that all the populations of the Africa continent were modern humans, this has been proven after numerous studies. The land mass that we call "Africa" today did not exist hundreds of thousands and reaching back millions of years ago, there were no kingdoms or specific recorded peoples. Today's continent of Africa was just a land mass with numerous and different hominids in different parts of the land mass, a bubbling cauldron of different, diverging species of hominids, hominins and human species taking different routes towards their destiny. Scientific evidence shows that one human species had have a different evolving history from others that stayed behind on the continent/land mass. Those that took a different route and started a new history, expanded into Eurasia and did not even know that the other hominins and human species in other parts of the continent that we today call Africa, even existed. Different multiregional evolutions happening simultaneously in different parts of the land mass with none of the others even knowing them, or affecting them. A large land mass of evolving walking puzzles, yet the pieces of the puzzle of one species was different from the others. Those regional evolutions then went on to further regional and microevolutions in other parts of the then known world, primarily Eurasia, were characterized by physiological, DNA and physical differences as well. For instance, based on the scientific findings and reanalysis of a 13,000-year-old skull from a cave in West Africa, it revealed a skull more primitive-looking than its age suggests. The result suggests that the ancestors of early humans did not die out quickly in Africa, but instead lived alongside their descendents and bred with them until comparatively recently.  The video below presents evidence of pockets of some kind of archaic humanoids surviving in West Africa until at least 13,000 years ago, yet Cro-Magnon man was already in Europe coexisting with the Neanderthals at least 45,000 years ago. In the video Skull points to a more complex human evolution in Africa - Chris Stringer describes this problematical human skull from Nigeria. The link takes you to a BBC website)

This would mean that the Red Deer Cave fossils are the youngest ever found which possess physical features different to our own – and much younger than our famous ancient cousins, the Neanderthals and even the primitive Pygmy Hobbits from Indonesia. The location where they were found to have lived and cooked, eating deer especially, is the reason they have been dubbed the Red Deer Cave people. The above examples are just 2 of numerous new discoveries and evidences which prove that the Out of Africa Theory is wrong. Numerous scientists since the 1990's have found convincing DNA proofs which even outright nullify the Out of Africa concept that was initiated in the earlier part of the 20th century, and more recently found evidences and discoveries are supporting the 'Multiregional origin of modern humans' every year. Serious scholars and scientists over the past few decades have decided it's time to stop playing with pieces of monkey bones found in Africa (because it has been proven that this is the case numerous times) and the following hypothesizing and groundless "interpretations", and instead to look at the irrefutable DNA evidences to base evolutionary models on, based on all the newer (and contradictory) discoveries and scienfific proofs. The archeological and DNA evidence is telling the true series of events, as opposed to fabricated stories and hypotheses.

More recent DNA and skeletal evidences are leading to more accurate evolutionary theories than 150 years ago, especially since the groundbreaking discovery of Cro-Magnons in Europe in 1868.

(Even in the scientific/archeology/paleoanthropology community, a large segment are in disagreement with previous interpretations. As just a few of numerous examples, when it was first discovered in 1974, Lucy was immediately "interpreted" and hailed as some kind of early human. After more intensive studies however, it was found to be just an ape. A hominid yes, (primate) but just a very, very old ape, of which it isn't even certain if it's a male or female or whether it was a biped at all. "Java man" was also not a proof of an intermediary between apes or humans, but was in fact found to be just an ancestor to modern gibbons. Australopithecus Ramidus, a 4.4 million year old pygmy chimpanzee-like creature, discovered at Aramis in Ethiopia by Professor Timothy White in 1994, despite a 70 per cent complete skeleton, it has again not been possible to prove categorically whether it had two or four legs. Australopithecus Anamensis was dated  between 4.1-3.9 million years old, discovered at Lake Turkana in Kenya by Dr Meave Leakey in August 1995, only it's shinbone fragment has been used to back up the claim that it walked on two feet. It also should be noted that in all these and other cases, many of the skulls appear much more like modern day chimpanzee skulls than anything approaching human. Perhaps they are apes that in some way walked on two feet at some time, and probably they didn't at all, but in the end they are all still ape and monkey bones and skulls)

There has actually not been found even one "missing link" to this day which shows some evolutionary theories, a problematic fact that questions some previous basic ideas, a great giant gap of time with absolutely no clues or evidences. Many theories based on these old ape (hominin) bones, many times involving just a few pieces of bone or teeth or a tooth or part of a skull, are in fact just pieces of very old apes and monkeys. "Piltdown man" was discovered to be an outright forgery from the start. Cro-Magnon man suddenly appeared into Eurasian history almost as if out of nowhere, which has led many scholars to instead give support to what is termed the "genetic islands" scenario of the multi-regional evolutionary model. Coming to groundless "interpretations" has now been replaced by much more accurate DNA analysis to a very large degree) Our new technologies, which were not available previously, give a truer picture of the realities because they are based on genetics, and so unaffected by personal views and whims. The 'multi-regional' evolutionary model shows that today's modern humans evolved from ancestor species in Africa, Asia and Europe, These modern days minor DNA traces as small as saliva drops left on cigarette butts can reveal racial traits as detailed as eye, hair color, complexion, freckles, gender, and even facial dimensions.   These DNA evidences show us who was their "Mitochondrial Eve". See also DNA Evidence Debunks the “Out-of-Africa” Theory of Human Evolution and the video NOT Out of Africa. To this day not one Neanderthal or Cro-Magnon remains evidence has been found in Africa.

Proponents of "out of Africa" theory insist that the Americas (north and south) were populated around 13,000 years ago EXCLUSIVELY by people from east Asia, via the Bering Strait by Alaska. Unfortunately, clovis/solutrean artifacts twice as old have been found in the eastern US, and they are similar to those found in western Europe when it was populated during the ice age from the ATLANTIC. Europe and the Americas were both populated from the Atlantic by a distinctly "modern" people that use Clovis/Solutrean tool technology... and not from Africa. "...A remarkable series of several dozen European-style stone tools, dating back between 19,000 and 26,000 years, have been discovered at six locations along the US east coast.." Science and DNA analysis is blazing the way to the true series of events all over the world.

Then on the other hand, some are of the opinion that a race came down from outer space, space scientists in effect, and that they, using the earth as a laboratory, experimented and kickstarted a designed and formulated Modern Man in the first place, (which would explain flaws, lack of links and archeological remains to support Pre-Cro-Magnon man continuum theories). This opinion is not as far fetched as some may think, as we are doing the same thing these days in laboratories around the world. These "space scientists" (genetic engineers) in effect could have conditioned/genetically programmed the Modern Humans to be the successor human species, taking useful DNA from the Neanderthal human species along the way and putting it into Cro-Magnon man (EEMH) This could account for our later technological accomplishments, inventions and discoveries through the ages. Now, I'm not going to get into the topics of UFO's, Fallen Angels, Ancient Astronauts, Nephilim, Satan, Shapeshifters, The Watchers, Shadow People etc, here and now concerning the many gaps and missing links from pre-modern man times because it's not the purpose of this post, and besides, even scientists and archeologists these days use a lot of guess work and proofless assumptions when examining that far back, or they just simply put their hands in the air and don't know. (This was the case especially up until very recently, hence the assumed and very simple 'out of Africa' theory that was initially proposed. We now know that there were a number of "Mitochondrial Eve's" found in different parts of the world which contributed to the different emerging populations of humans) At the end of the day, it's true that even today with the many things we know, there are mountains of gaps and a myriad of questions which still remain unresolved with no archeological evidences.

Thanks to modern day technology and their scientific results, we know that mainstream biblical interpretations of early history are completely wrong and based on fiction. Doctors of Divinity over the past century have been forwarding numerous hate-filled theories directed at the Neanderthals, as well as very erroneous and misleading fallacy-filled  suppositions, such as in one of their posters above. The Issa/Jesus/Neanderthal trinity is a stumbling block to their agendas and so this truth must be kept secret or portrayed using numerous bizarre, warped and twisted fictionalized accounts that defy science and facts. By denying scientific evidences and instead defining who or what a god is or isn't based on unsubstantiated personal views, then in effect they are the ones attempting to create and play god themselves. We now know that Adam and Eve, as well as Noah, existed much further back in history than previously thought. Apriory linear-time progression evidences and scientific facts conclusively tell us that Jesus, his brothers and sisters and mother Mary also carried Neanderthal DNA. The idea that all the various human races sprang from just 8 people and only around 6000 years ago, would be like believing that God made the Ziggurats of Mesopotamia, the Great Pyramids, the Roman Colosseum, the Greek Pantheon, the Great Wall of China, the Eiffel Tower, the Mausoleum of Theoderic or the Croatian National Theatre etc.

I should add though, since on the topic of other scientific models about Neanderthal history, some other personal thoughts about the many gaps, missing links and lack of evidences concerning early modern man. One that is interesting and worth investigating and mentioning here are the deities of the Anunnaki. According to The Oxford Companion to World Mythology, the Anunnaki "are the Sumerian deities of the old primordial line; they are chthonic deities of fertility, associated eventually with the underworld, where they became judges. They take their name from and are offspring of the old sky god An (Anu, who also is one in a godhead triad) The Annunaki are mentioned in The Epic of Gilgamesh when Utnapishtim tells the story of the flood. The seven judges of Hell are called the Annunaki, and they set the land aflame as the storm is approaching. They are thought to have walked the earth at least around 400,000 years ago and directly affected the appearance of modern man and the future course of life on planet earth. Ancient Sumerian texts describe giant, winged gods known as these Anunnaki. After the lesser deities of the Igigi rebelled against working for the Anunnaki, the Anunnaki are believed to have then made modern man as a replacement. Is it possible that civilization made sudden, huge advances as a result of their presence on Earth? Added to that the fact that no known hominin is ancestor of Neanderthals and modern humans, (which is just one of the gaps and missing links where nothing is known or correlates to what scientists thought previously or propose today)...then the Anunnaki may be a valid model worth considering and which would also explain many mysteries, and in this examination especially, of the sudden appearance of modern humans.

Many believe that the Anunnaki actually created modern humans for their specific purposes, as the state of the precursor hominids walking the earth were incapable of tasks required by the Anunnaki. Were the Anunnaki the god-scientists and 'genetic engineers' who ultimately created the modern man lineage? By giving intelligence through the deliberate change of adding their own DNA, it may just be the bones and remains of those previous humanoid-like beings we are finding today, the ones who were incapable, full of flaws and just a mimicker of others, anomalies simply left to to die off and disappear or only continue in some desolate parts in obscurity. The over 150,000 year unexplained gap of which we know nothing about and which has left behind no archeological evidences showing continuity, is described today by scholars as an unexplained "leap of excellence" to modern man. (See Blood Prints of the Gods for more)  Where are these princely direct descendents of the Anunnaki today? Are some of us them? Most of us? Which ones? Our sudden appearance, new existence and unexplained enigmatic leap into modernity could have continued in parallel among the the remnants of the preceding hominid beings for just a time, before the following and scientifically proven Microevolution's occured. It very well could be just the bones of the previous hominids (or hominid-like beings) that have no continuity to modern man that we have been finding, this would explain the numerous gaps, missing links and evidences contradicting any continuity. (See and for more) It seems we were not meant to know the truth until now, because were were not technologically advanced enough and capable of understanding, and so in the meantime it was just stories of talking snakes and "miraculous fables" passed on to the following generation as an explanation.

Did the Anunnaki play a part in Neanderthal, Cro Magnon modern human history? Are the creation and descendents of the Anunnaki the real modern humans?

New and more accurate DNA evidences suggest that the ancestors of a part of the African population had in fact genetically interbred by inter-racial (inter-species) mating with another species of hominid that was separate from modern humans, it is thought by some scientists to perhaps be Homo erectus. Whereas European and Asian populations have DNA contributions from Neanderthals, these African populations do not, to many geneticists this is further conclusive proof that in the past a Multiregional origin of humans took place and in various parts of the world. (This process is also discussed in Charles Darwin's book 'On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life")

As already touched upon, newer and more recent discoveries and scientific study results constantly greatly diverge and even contradict from what was popularly believed. New sticks and bones are constantly being thrown into the the machinery leaving even scientists and archeologists to wonder again, and theorize new scenarios and scientific models. However, these days modern scientific methods and evidence throws new facts into our faces regularly, facts which correlate and give a better understanding. Below we see just a few examples.

Homo habilis skulls have been found at various African archeological dig locations and are thought to have gone extinct about 1.4 million years ago. Image: Michael Hammer is Director of the University of Arizona Genetics Core ( UAGC), his and other research teams in 2011 concluded that roughly 2-3% of the genetic material found in many Sub-Saharan African populations was inserted into the human genome approximately 35,000 years ago from an archaic hominin being that broke away from the modern human lineage around 700,000 years ago. 

After a survey for the introgressive haplotypes across Sub-Saharan populations, it was discovered that the admixture event happened with archaic hominins that once inhabited from Morocco to South Africa and Central Africa including Sudan and Ethiopia. This genetic material is not found in Europeans or Asians who instead have genetic material contributed from Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon populations found in Europe and Eurasia. More information:

Australopithecus afarensis is attributed to the popularly known "Lucy"hominid found in Ethiopia. (from the Latin masculine given name Lucius with the meaning as of light/born at dawn or daylight, maybe also shining, the shining one, alternative spellings are Luci, Luce, Lucie etc) We know however that Lucy was not an evolutionary precursor to modern humans at all, as some initially proposed, but instead is an archaic type of ape, most likely a gibbon. The Australopithecus skulls discovered in Africa all bear a very close resemblance in terms of skull and skeletal structure, to modern apes.

Skeletal evidence seems to point that evolutionary theories based on skull differences are imaginary, as even today there are visible differences found from throughout the world.  These differences actually consist of variations among different human races that have existed in the past, some of which have become extinct. It is then quite evident that what we see is the result of different human races living in the past and at the same time, and not indicating different species or subspecies on a long evolutionary path. What we are finding today is instead skeletal remains of different homo races that once lived in the past, some went extinct, and some contributed to another nearby human race that was living at the same time as them, others went on to forge new futures and had different histories without the same regional evolution process. (In the meantime we are also still finding many archaic monkey/ape bones as already shown, those skeletal remains are also remains of different ape hominin races, and also sometimes skeletal remains simply showing variation just as the human races variation example shown here) Today we can see modern skulls that have archaic traits from 1 million years ago and some that are the same as the ones found 45,000 years ago or even very similar to some of the ones from 1 million years ago. (Which again contradicts evolution theory) Besides the 3 most well known and documented human races, ie: Cro-Magnons, Neanderthals and Denisovans, how many more races of humans lived in the past, we don't know, but the evidence that they existed is seen today. Only time and future archeological discoveries will tell.

New Study by University of Adelaide’s Australian Centre for Ancient DNA (ACAD) 'Supports Anunnaki as Our Creators'

Another very interesting series of events and facts which shed more light on this ancient land of Sumeria...It is a fact and acknowledged by scholars that some of today's early biblical stories from the book of Genesis originate in Sumeria about 1500 years previously. (So much for the originality factor and divinely inspired knowledge etc) Abraham originally came from Sumeria and was most likely just the son of a Sumerian Oracle Priest. We don't know if he left of his own free will or perhaps was even banished from the land of Sumeria for an unknown reason.  It is from ancient Sumeria, notably in the Epic of Gilgamesh, where the accounts of the flood, of the first man being made from clay, winged beings, the whole creation week story complete with the snake and much more, originate from. (This is probably news to the televangelist miracle water/prayer cloth crowd) Except, and this is of extreme significance, the legends and information from the original Sumerian stories were much, much longer and included more events and people that were not included in the later biblical sources. Why were only a portion of the accounts borrowed? or better yet, why was anything borrowed at all? If the borrowed parts of Sumerian legends went on to become considered as 'divinely inspired', then why were other portions left out? Left out by whom and why???

The Anunnaki have no defined appearance, although according to the fertile crescent mythology and representations, the Anunnaki are likely to look like humans in their original forms, but in larger height. The Anunnaki were/are a  shape-shifting race and can mold themselves into many shapes and sizes.

The much later (over 1500 years later) borrowed biblical versions are much, much shorter with many important elements and information left out, almost like a cheat sheet in comparison, a brief no-frills version. (See Panbabylonism for more on this little discussed fact) It seems that we must then reach back further and take a closer look at the original Sumerian sources which contain much more information about these Anunnaki, ancestral gods who were the 'genetic engineers' responsible for the first real modern humans. (The Epic of Gilgamesh survived almost 4,000 years and...was translated only in the 19th century!)  This is also logical and the correct method of information gathering as all later biblical material ultimately derives from these much earlier Sumerian sources. (Btw, many people don't know that the word church actually derives incorrectly from an intentional mistranslation of the original Greek term ἐκκλησία, which is transliterated as "ecclesia", which simply means an "assembly. The Anunnaki were the "first church", or more precisely, the "first assembly") [the first assembly/royal line king descendents from the Anunnaki?]

It is indeed perplexing and puzzling to scholars how a theoretical proposed evolutionary continuum disappears from the archeological map for about 150,000 years, and then suddenly and unexpectedly reappears to us in archeological evidences again. However, reappearing (almost like the fish sticks previously mentioned) unrecognizable and with sudden advanced knowledge and abilities. A new civilization suddenly transformed by leaps and bounds, and even DNA changes and physical changes that are not accounted for according to the previous theorized evolutionary continuity. From caves and simple dwellings and tools of the new stone age, with no known written language, simple hunters and an out of nowhere and sudden (miraculous?) written script, alphabets, literature, epic poetry, libraries, recipe books, (an early version of beer) lullabies, grammars, proverbs, complicated rituals, advanced architecture, kings and queens and princes, hierarchies, law, art, pictorial depictions, music, musical instruments, hospitals and the first surgical operations, large temples, precise systems of administration, courts, judges, schools, advanced mathematics, knowledge of the rings of Jupiter which we only discovered after the telescope, advanced astronomy from it's very beginning even though it was not preceded by another civilization which could have handed down all this knowledge. Simply out of nowhere. There was no gradual stages of civilization but instead they immediately started using bricks to make highrise buildings and ziggurats and an advanced civilization. Like a knowledge explosion. Is it an 8th wonder? The Sumerians invented calenders and timekeeping based on the sexagesimal system that we still use today. (the concept of 60 seconds in a minute and 60 minutes in an hour etc) There are various scientific models that have been put forward showing that the Vinca civilzation (aka 'Old Europe') may have been the precursors to Sumeria, already possessing the worlds oldest written script and symbols equated to 'proto-writing' simple art and yet also possessing the ability to process copper and bronze goods in the Neolithic Europe. It could very well be them and other nearby peoples who were 'kickstarted' with Anunnaki DNA and then elevated to a much higher degree of knowledge, migrating to Sumeria and then starting a much more advanced civilization than they had previously known or were capable of, under Anunnaki guidance. Where and from whom did this explosion of knowledge and wisdom come from in such a short time? There really is no other way to describe it than a mysterious and inexplicable sudden "leap of excellence".....

 The Anunnaki, as they are known to us today, could very well be the 'genetic engineers' who designed the first modern humans during the time period of the DNA continuity gaps and evolutionary/skeletal missing links. Kick-starting modern man into the new modern millennium. According to the scientific evidence, the new beings were transformed in the areas corresponding to Western Eurasia/Hyperborea during the later Paleolithic, in effect transformed within a generation then becoming half humans and half gods. (See New Study Supports Anunnaki as Our Creators) Image:

The new Hyperboreans of the Paleolithic, transformed by the Anunnaki to become modern humans and gods, summoned by the chthonic beings to perform great feats and give birth to civilizations wherever they traveled to.

The ancient deities that are called the "Anunnaki" in Sumerian sources, do they represent the ancient spirits that were in the world from the beginning, ultimately choosing the time to transform some of the previous humanoid-like beings into modern man for their own reasons? (Above we see Homo erectus who some scientists believe went extinct about 150,000-15,000 years ago) Some scholars are of the opinion that EEMH/Cro-Magnons are the direct result of Anunnaki genetic engineering, and that it was mainly this process which led to the demise of Neanderthals and the appearance and continuation of Cro-Magnon. The sudden and inexplicable appearance of Cro-Magnons in Eurasia seems to fall in line with this view. Image:

As already shown previously, an image of the "Lucyhominid found in Ethiopia. (from the Latin masculine given name Lucius with the meaning as of light/born at dawn or daylight, maybe also shining, the shining one, alternative spellings are Luci, Luce, Lucie etc) We know however that Lucy was not an evolutionary precursor to modern humans at all, as some initially proposed, but instead is an archaic type of ape, most likely a gibbon. Modern day representations based on just a few skeletal fragments are illusionary and akin to cartoons, figments of a cartoonist's imagination. Drawing up grotesque looking specimens that don't resemble anything in reality is unscientific. Only the feeble-minded would invent such a bizarre cartoon creature with such preposterous looking features and characteristics from only a few ape bones and then imply it was real.

Luckily for us today, those early civilizations and writers did leave hints and clues behind, they left behind written material in clay which survived thousand of years, written material which deals with those mysterious unaccounted for and little known about centuries that even preceded them. Clues as to what really happened and who was behind the series of events, but information left out of later biblical sources, why?...Eridu has been long considered as the earliest city in southern Mesopotamia, and is still today argued to be the oldest city in the world. In Eridu, Alulim became the first king and he ruled for 28800 years, with succeeding kings ruling similar extremely long reigns. (Alalngar ruled for 36000 years. 2 kings; they ruled for 64800 years. Then Eridu fell and the kingship was taken to Bad-tibira...)  How would these extremely long reigns be possible unless they were genetically engineered to live that long? In effect designed to be long reigning kings who would guide their realms towards and passing down knowledge. Interestingly, modern historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 and 4000 BC by a non-Semitic people who may or may not have spoken the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc. as evidence) They are believed to have settled in southern Mesopotamia from around the more northern Black Sea. Their language could very well be related to the very language of these mentioned early royal kings (modern humans), and so it could be the very same language that the original Anunnaki spoke! Is this Anunnaki language still with us today somewhere?

 "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness"....Could the missing link in human evolution be answered by the idea that the Anunnaki genetically engineered the DNA from neanderthal man, combining it with their own much more advanced DNA?

These early non-Semitic royal offspring kings are most likely the descendents of the very first genetically engineered modern humans, these Anunnaki descendents/creations also long predate the early Egyptian dynasties as well. These series of events seems to point that most likely the later Egyptian dynasties were started by offshoots of the descendents of the Anunnaki as well, but now infused with their passed down DNA and superior knowledge. (Some facts to consider...the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II after DNA analysis was found to have possessed red hair or even possibly blonde hair, King Tut’s DNA shows that the Pharaoh belonged to a haplogroup that is found amongst most modern day Europeans, indicating that they share a common ancestor originating from north of the Black Sea circa. 56000 B.C. Among modern-day Egyptians however this haplogroup contingent is below 1%. Queen Hatshepsut, wife of Pharaoh Thutmosis II was found to have had blonde hair. Results from studies have shown conclusively that blue eyes, straight or wavy black, blonde, red, brown and auburn hair and this foreign DNA and haplogroup was prevalent among the Pharaohs and Queens and nobles of the early dynasties, and scientists have shown that these traits originate from Europe and near north of the Black Sea around 10,000 years ago. (I'm personally not blue eyed, but my father and some aunts, uncles and cousins were, mine are more more greenish-brown, however I was blond when younger which over the years darkened to a dirty blond/light brown)

This was the case until the later arrival of their old enemies the Nubians, who were previously forbidden from entering Egypt by law, the following events then led to Egypt's quick decline and demise. Mummies from dynastic Egyptian nobles were also found to strangely possess these Eurasian traits. How or why else would this be? How is it that Eurasian traits originating from the pre-Semitic period of Sumeria are in abundance in these early dynasties before they disappeared? This previous period of time where it is shown that the Anunnaki made modern man. Coincidence? More information Here and Here.

An Egyptian produced video which explains more about this topic of the early Egyptian dynasties and pharaohs and their previous relationship with the Levant, Anatolia and Western Eurasia. (Even the tomb of Hor Aha, considered to be one of the first pharaohs of the very first Egyptian dynasty, was found to have yielded numerous objects and vessel fragments originating in the Levant) Not discussed here however, is the fact that it has been shown by scholars that the Pyramids were aligned towards the pole star, which, because of the precession of the equinoxes, was at that time Thuban, a faint star in the constellation of Draco. Evaluation of the site of the temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, taking into account the change over time of the obliquity of the ecliptic, has shown that the Great Temple was aligned on the rising of the midwinter sun. The Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error. The position of the North Pole moves over time and the pyramid was exactly aligned at one time.  The early dynasty pharaohs, who were responsible for the construction of the pyramid at Giza, specifically wanted it to be associated with the north for all eternity and during their afterlife. More on this later.

There is a similar situation in regards to the early historical civilizations of Ancient India. The Anunnaki gene put into modern man seems to have been the catalyst in the building of the first great civilizations, cities and the expansion of knowledge and wisdom, which eventually spread to other areas outside of Sumeria. Evidence seems to point at the Anunnaki affecting human DNA more than 6,000 years ago and then some of the off-spring traveled south to start the first known major civilizations of pre-Sumeria, known as the Ubaid period. (Interesting sidenote info, the ethnic make up of these regions of today's Iraq have changed considerably since those times, it was only thousands of years later that Semitic and then Arabic people came to inhabit the lands of today's modern day Iraq. Even Turkey was changed considerably after the arrival of Islamic Arab people. Turkish people are originally from central Asia and then Arab peoples migrations, especially after the fall of the Byzantine empire, changed the genetic makeup of the previous pre-Islamic Anatolia region considerably) There are numerous sites, books, journals, scientific papers and written material pertaining to these less discussed and known topics, I only just touched upon the Egyptian scenario here to show that what many scholars have thought and the models they put forward are actually proven to be correct.

A noted physicist stated once:..."new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light; but rather, because its opponents eventually die and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it. - Max Planck. The profound notion of the Anunnaki and their involvement in the creation of modern man is a meeting of science and religion. This truth, and it's implications, for some is too disturbing to contemplate.

All this information is especially interesting because only with our new technologies which are able to study further back and more accurately, we are just scratching beneath the surface. What we have learned is all just the tip of the iceberg. The tip of an iceberg the size of Greenland. These sources seem to lead to the conclusion that the original line of 'royal kings' were non-Semitic speaking and a non-Semitic people, as well as direct descendents of the Anunnaki. The first 'royal kings' were intermediaries between the Anunnaki and the rest of the populations under their rule. Today's early biblical stories are but a much watered-down re-telling of the original Sumerian sources, therefore it cannot be denied that it is from Sumerian sources that we need to examine more thoroughly to find out the truth of Neanderthals, Cro-magnon man, the origins of modern man and importantly the origins of our DNA. This is doubly confirmed since the world's 3 major religions are all rooted in early Sumerian history, a linear history of just muddied and watered-down edited versions. These religions that sprang from Sumeria and which diverged into more splintering histories, religions, sects, televangelists...are they perhaps all afraid of the ultimate proven truth?...the truth that was written in cuneiform, the worlds oldest script, that  it was the Anunnaki who made/designed us. Interestingly, some scholars theorize that the Glagolitic alphabet may in fact be connected to the first Anunnaki alphabet, an alphabet that contains esoteric meanings and powers associated with the Anunnaki. (A very illuminating post about that topic down the road, with facts which will astound you)

Even though there is agreement about their role in the transformation of modern man, their powers and their passing on of knowledge and wisdom as well, there are varying degrees of difference in opinion as to how they arrived at first. Some are of the opinion that they arrived from other parts of the galaxy or even universe, and some believe them to be space travelers from another planet. However, just like the later Persephone, Hades and Hecate, among others in later deity pantheons, the Anunnaki in Sumerian tradition were chthonic deities. This would mean that their abode was in the underworld all along and that they emanated from the earth itself, possessing a sort of Helm of Darkness as an analogy, so in effect they were always here since the beginning of Earth...and still are. In the Sumerian sources the Anunnaki were actually gods assigned to the earth at a very early time, before there was even life on the planet. They may have been known later to other people by other names. We don't know exactly what their appearance looked like, because according to the written material the Anunnaki were able to change their appearance to however they desired or saw fit, they of course preferred a human form when dealing with humans, but there are also remains of human hybrid representations with wings, animals feet, heads etc. They are recorded as also being giants.

The reader may dismiss the brief points and information presented here as just some kind of stories and fables and invented fallacies, but I remind the reader to recall one important fact. People who dismiss what I've discussed here, for the most part only use their stories, or versions of stories, to contradict and dismiss. Usually also just using other stories to back up their original stories which argue their position. Concerning these long ago times, it is in the end all only stories. BUT, from this alternative position and historical model, the stories and legends also have physical evidences and archeological proofs to buttress their position, as you have seen, which makes a world of difference, and all the difference that matters. One can even these days physically see and touch the proofs, and even read the original sources in the original versions with their own eyes that were written over 4-5,000 years ago, and not just rely on what some person is telling you to believe because they said so and bla bla bla. One can see them in person at museums all around the world as well as at the locations where they were originally found and are still present today. This is not some made up fiction on my part, whimsical fabrications with nothing to back it up in the physical world. I am not making up these ancient civilizations or their feats, they're recorded words or their accomplishments, influence and effect on modern man's history. I am not causing you to hallucinate and search for Elvis and bearded men's faces in potato chips or tree bark. I've been familiar with some of the facts presented here for years, but over the last few years especially, as newer and advanced science and technology is able to support previous findings and written material and go further beyond to find new evidences that support previous models, then these subjects are quite fascinating and explain much about the previous history of modern man. This may explain the world-wide interest in  these for the most part recent discoveries. You can Google this topic and find out much more from all the sources on the internet, which may very well be a gift of the Anunnaki. Hopefully one day we will find the genetic building blocks of previous fish sticks which will prove that they did in fact swim as fish in salt and even fresh waters in the distant past. However, the most amazing, astonishing and shocking fact regarding all these coincidences, archeological evidences, the many scientific journals based on scientific findings and the ancient written accounts, which could really cause some peoples minds to tear asunder and dismay their very being and existence, has not even been discussed here.....and yet is self-evident. The linear scientific and genuine historical markers which have only to the smallest degree been shown here, lead to a shock so illuminating and astounding and which clearly shows that......

Many mysteries and inexplicable leaps still remain which scholars debate and are searching answers to, even to this day. The appearance of Modern Man seems to be an enigma in many ways, in ways that defy and contradict scientific models. Is this partial proof that the Anunnaki, or some other beings, kickstarted modern man towards new horizons and epochs? Different Mitochondrial Eve's in different parts of the world attest to these significant variations within world populations even to this day. What exactly happened that caused Cro-Magnon populations to suddenly and inexplicably appear in Eurasia about 50,000 years ago???

Even today Ethiopia's Bodi people gorge on cow's blood and milk in a bid to be crowned the fattest man. Six months after eating nothing but large amounts daily, the champion fat man is then feted as a hero for the rest of his life. On the day of the Ka'el ceremony seen above, the tribe's fat men walk for hours around a sacred tree, watched by other men and cheered on by the women and children. The young boys all hope to one day be a fat man champion also. Image: 

Some other nearby customs are very similar to the traditions of the various Oktoberfest events that take place today in Europe. 

Here we see a more recent example of the same tanning characteristics that Cro-Magnons (EEMH) was also known to possess, as seen previously. This ability to tan during the hotter summer seasons was also known to have been a characteristic of the previous Neanderthals also. We don't know if or what kind of tanning lotion was being used in the Stone Age, however the fact remains that even today tanning still occurs.

However lets move on at this moment to another location, perhaps there is even more than meets the eye here. Let's not forget the other Stonehenge. Other Stonehenge you query? Verily I say yes. (Just as there were different Mitochondrial Eve's in the past, so too different versions of Stonehenge) The one that is not much discussed because of the many mountains and souls it may crush. Arkaim, or Аркаим in Russian, is considered by some to be the most important and enigmatic archaeological site in northern Europe.  The site is wrapped in controversy and is sometimes referred to as Russia’s Stonehenge.  It sits on the outskirts of the Chelyabinsk oblast in the southern Urals, just north of the Kazakhstan border.  Though it’s not a stone circle in the way that Stonehenge is a stone circle. Arkaim is the remnants of an ancient settlement, which is basically a village that was fortified by two large stone circular walls. It’s called Swastika City, or alternately Mandala City. It has this name because the layout of the dwellings around the central square almost looks like it’s in the shape of a swastika. The site and associated artifacts, many of which also contain swastika symbols, have been dated to the 17th century BCE and it’s generally agreed that it was built somewhere between 4000-5000 years ago, which makes it considerably older than even Stonehenge. In addition to streets and buildings ruins scientists found remnants of the water system, metallurgic furnaces, and mines. It is also believed to be one of the strongest anomaly zones in Russia.

Arkaim may be the lasting legacy of an ancient forgotten race. A citadel that seems to have a meeting point of.....? Did the ancient northern race that came down to Arkaim go on to become the origins of the many centuries later Veneti? DNA evidence points to this regional evolution model.

It is worth mentioning that Arkaim, a fortified settlement of the Bronze Age was built with four entrances to the city strictly oriented at cardinal points. It was built according to a previously designed plan, with a high level of precision. The ancient Ural fortress Arkaim located in the Chelyabinsk region is called “Russian Stonehenge.” In addition to streets and buildings ruins scientists found remnants of the water system, metallurgic furnaces, and mines. It is also believed to be one of the strongest anomaly zones in Russia. All circumferences have one center where all radial feeders meet together. This circular structure is star-oriented, and the design itself looks like a model of the Universe.  According to the research conducted by archeologist Konstantin Bystrushkin, Arkaim tracks 18 astronomical events. They include sunsets and sunrises on the days of equinox and solstice, as well as sunsets and sunrises during low and high Moon. The famous Stonehenge, a mysterious circle of upright stones, has fewer astronomically traceable events. Interestingly enough, both architectural structures are located at the same geographical latitude. Once during archeological excavations a female student heard a voice that called you to the center of the structure. She went there alone, and after coming out she had cried for a long time. She said she met ghosts of ancient Arkaim residents. She had to be sent to a psychiatric facility.

Perhaps 100,000 years ago or more, so the hypothesis runs, a great star-gazing Ice Age people lived in the Arctic region, at that time a temperate zone, before migrating south to Inner Asia as conditions changed and the great ice sheets melted. There, in a fertile, paradisaical land, these unknown sages became the core of a Ural-Altaic race that continued to evolve over the millennia, improving the stock of primitive humanity by intermarriage, developing cosmological sciences and political structures that sowed the seeds of our present civilised state, migrating across the earth and then disappearing, leaving immortal legends about itself behind.  The British author John Michell cites the massive evidence for such a civilization, which he regards as essentially magical, and still faintly visible across the earth for those who care to look. Michell is one voice among many claiming that in the archives of prehistoric peoples a forgotten race has left traces of an advanced body of knowledge, seemingly both spiritual and technological, which can guide us, if we will, into a viable future.

The ancient Greek historians had much to say on this subject, especially concerning the legends of Asia Minor which told of the descent thereto, in the depths of the Ice Ages, of the Hyperboreans, a mysterious race of superior beings from polar regions whose Pillar works on earth sought to mirror the starry heavens above. Yet it is Central and Inner Asia further to the east, a vast land of steppes, mountains and sandy deserts, whose people preserve the most significant memories of a time beyond telling when cities populated the deserts and an Elder race walked tall on the earth. And it is these Ural-Altaic regions that are now taking centre stage as the search continues for the roots of homo sapiens and the path into a viable future. Evidently Arkaim was a Wisdom Centre, a Citadel of Knowledge.

The DNA and archeological evidences that scientists today have to face and study shows that there has never been a single linear evolutionary pattern that resulted in todays human races, as originally thought. Instead a much more complicated series of events took place which in some cases includes archaic admixures, as well as other proven various regional evolutions, microevolutions also. Modern scientific data and results that were not available before point to the fact that there were already various different species of humans from the start. Evidence shows that only some of these human species then migrated to other parts of the world.

With the haplogroups not present in any African genes and an absence of dozens of African genetic markers, researchers in the last decade have become more adamant that they see no genetic proof substantiating any other more plausible interpretation than that both current Africans and non-Africans descended separately from a more ancient common ancestor, thus forming a "proverbial fork". These and other scientific results conclusively prove that there is no such thing as a human race and there never was. (Scientific results show conclusively that a mechanism of clinal variation through a model of "Centre and Edge" allowed for the necessary balance between genetic drift, gene flow and selection throughout the Pleostocene and up to today) Rather, scientific results show instead that it is more correct to accurately define us as the "Human Species". A species where we see inherent genetic drift, gene flow and selection within specified populations and geographical locations that was or wasn't partly contributed to by various other Homo sub-species. (Other archaic human species included that were native to those areas) Those inherent variances have become the various Human Species races (or more correctly sub-species) of today and those races each contain these variances/characteristics that are inherent to that race because of these regional evolutions and subsequent DNA microevolutions throughout history. The "proverbial fork" gave rise to even other forks. (Dinner fork, salad fork, carving fork, dessert fork, relish fork etc as an analogy)

Scientists have also found evidence of accumulation of a Neanderthal DNA region found on chromosome 3 that contains 18 genes. Their results reveal this region was positively selected and enriched in East Asians, ranging from up to 49 percent in Japanese to 66 percent in Southern Chinese, more evidence of Neanderthal DNA contribution to Europeans and many AsiansThis information is based on scientific results provided by Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press) Source: Photo Credit: © BRAD / Fotolia

 Could the Taklamakan mummies of China, (or Tarim Basin mummies) some which reach back 4,000 years and who have modern Caucasian physical features, be descendents originally from Arkaim and a scattered remnant of the descendents of the Anunnaki? More information at

The Babylonians believed in a mysterious paradise in “the far north” where a race of great sages lived; and the ancient Greeks too extolled a northern Elysium in which they believed the Hyperboreans, a wise, peaceful and long-lived race, lived in great splendour and prosperity. Even though Delphi was regarded as the centre of the Greek world, its god Apollo and his sister, the goddess Artemis, were acknowledged to be originally deities of this secret land far to the north, where stood the cosmic axle that the Greeks called Helice, “That Which Turns.” Many Greek historians as well as later scholars located this northern paradise in Scythia or the Altai, and as having its source in the shamanism that grew up around the semi-mythical magicians and pole-lords of Altai. But research and sacred tradition both suggest its origins go further back still to northeastern Asia within the Arctic Circle, to a society that flourished on the shores of the Siberian Sea.  How long ago, or for how long, this circumpolar culture may have existed no-one knows: possibly 200,000 years or more. In The Interpretation of Radium, the acclaimed physicist Frederick Soddy stated that some of the beliefs and legends which have come down to us from antiquity may be “evidence of a wholly unknown and unsuspected ancient civilization of which all other relic has disappeared.” There may have been, he suggested, previous cycles in the unrecorded history of the world when civilized men lived “in a past possibly so remote that even the very atoms of civilization literally have had time to disintegrate."

The remnants of 'Old Europe' are most probably offshoots of the Hyperboreans who traveled southwest, the precursors to ancient Greece, Rome and even Sumeria. The below civilization was also contemporaneous with the Vučedol culture.  Without a doubt the ancient foreparents of most of today's European populations. Scholars have noted that even their artistic merits alone from more than 7000 years ago (before 5000 BC) are quite enlightening, as there are peoples and areas in the world that are using similar techniques and making similar handmade artistic objects only just now.

Scholars suggest that the Danube tablets are much older than the Mesopotamian ones. If the symbols are indeed a form of writing as many suggest, then writing in the Danubian culture would far predate the earliest Sumerian cuneiform script or Egyptian hieroglyphs. This 'Old European Script'  predates the proto-Sumerian pictographic script from Uruk (modern Iraq), which up to now was considered as the oldest known script, by more than a thousand years. They would thus be the world's earliest known form of writing. The approximate 700 different characters/symbols would also indicate that this script was to later become the basis for Egyptian hieroglyphs. Along with the previously shown DNA evidences, this would also be further proof that it was some of these 'Old European' populations, these descendents of the Hyperboreans, who went on to become the first Egyptian pharaohs and nobility.

We know and it has been proven that the ancient Hyperboreans did not travel past the Levant. So could the genetic, physical and cultural divergences also be direct evidence of the Hyperborean existence that went on to spread across Europe and Eurasia? The lands they inhabited and traveled throughout during many millenia even before the common era? Even today we see evidences that beyond the Levant, the tenets and culture of the Hyperborean Pole Star religion does not exist, nor are there clues that it ever did. On the contrary, we instead see evidences from DNA analysis that actually proves that African populations have a genetic contribution from a now-extinct archaic African population of hominid beings. (We don't know what they looked like, but only that DNA analysis irrefutably confirms this, some scholars have surmised there is a correlation with the various surrounding pygmy peoples on the continent, among other populations) The above geographic continuum again logically points towards the scientific model of the multiregional evolution and origin of different human populations. An Italian documentary below shows that ancient African populations did indeed keep dogs as pets in the distant past also, and that it is not just a recent phenomena. They may have perhaps even been privy to esoteric knowledge about future space travel.

Who, then, were these mysterious Hyperboreans – or as we might perhaps better call them, these Elders, these early Masters of Wisdom who understood the importance of the World Axis? Who was their "Mitochondrial Eve"? The records of most of the Bronze age nations have a legend that an unknown race of Elders gave us kingship and civilization and that they came from the gods and understood the most powerful secrets of our planet – secrets that have since been lost.  The Elders have been known as the Nephilim, the Sons of God, the Anunnaki, the Watchers and many other appellations; G.I. Gurdjieff spoke of them as agents of the divine Demiurge from a previous cycle of humanity. But beyond being credited with great wisdom and magical powers as well as having giant stature and extremely high craniums, little more is known about them. Did they really exist? All that can be said with certainty is that they remain a benign shadowy presence moving inscrutably in the background of virtually all the prehistoric traditions of our race. What is the secret of the Holy Land? Who really were the Elders who gave us civilization? Are they still guiding our evolution in discarnate form? What is the secret of the World Axis? Do we as yet understand the archetypal principles that shape our planet? And why are we only now beginning to ask such questions? More on this Here, Here and Here.

It's interesting that the ancient swastika symbol found throughout the neolithic period and at Arkium seems to have been not a sun symbol, but rather a much more older polar star symbol. That of Polaris. René Guénon, the eminent French esotericist, points out that the swastika, symbolizing eternal motion around a motionless centre, is a polar rather than a solar symbol, and as such was a symbol central to the Polar star cult, originally dedicated to a planetary deity connected to Ursa Major, the Great Bear. This centre, Guénon stresses, “constitutes the fixed point known symbolically to all traditions as the ‘pole’ or axis around which the world rotates…” The swastika is therefore known world-wide as the ‘sign of the pole.  Built in the unique architectural mould of nordic Asgard, the most sacred shrine of the Aesir of which the Prose Edda relates that “men call it Troy,” Arkaim may have been a shrine dedicated to the Aryan Sun religion, yet the roots of its dedication would have lain ultimately in the far older cult of the Pole star. Essentially, this was the religion of the shaman, the wizard, the medicine-man and other wonder-workers in touch with the spirits of nature.

You may ask at this point "Could an assymetric 'swastika' have something to do with renewable energy?" This may seem an odd question at first, but one worth asking. Well, let's be reminded that the Swastika Nano Lightmill motor can rotate a disk 4,000 times its own size. What does the Swastika Nano Lightmill motor look like? The following is an image taken out of a science site: Nanoscale Light Mill Spins a Motor with a Beam of Light | Popular Science

In Russia’s more mystical quarters there is intense interest in the ancient town of Arkaim, seeing it as the city temple built by the legendary King Yama, ruler of the Aryans in the Golden Age, which will once again become the centre of the world. However, the discovery of the settlement has opened a historical aperture onto far more than the battles and conquests of an aggressive Indo-European people waged across Eurasia and south into the Mediterranean lands, where their war chariots shattered the peace of Old Europe. What the Land of Cities has revealed in its very structure and history is above all the still earlier past of the Ural-Altaic peoples – a past of such enormous antiquity that it presents more mysteries than it solves. Based on what we know so far, it could very well be this ancient forgotten race of the Hyperboreans, forgotten until now that is, that came down from their more northerly abode and then ultimately introduced the tenets of Zorastrianism and it's symbology to other lands. Other Iron Age attestations of the swastika can be associated with Indo-European cultures such as the Celts, Greeks, Germanic peoples and Slavs. According to Reza Assasi, Swastika is a geometric pattern in the sky representing the north ecliptic pole centred to Zeta Draconi. The earliest swastika known has been found in Mezine, Ukraine. (It is carved on late paleolithic figurine of mammoth ivory, being dated as early as about 10,000 BCE!) Mirror-image swastikas (clockwise and anti-clockwise) have been found on ceramic pottery in the Devetashka cave, Bulgaria, dated 6,000 BCE.

This below STM image shows a gammadion gold light mill nanomotor embedded in a silica microdisk. Inset is a magnified top view of the light mill.

Just a few of the symbols dating from the oldest period of Vinča culture. Take a look at the second row. Could this be an early form of what was thousands of years later to become the Roman Numeral system also? Evidently the Goddess cultures of eastern Europe were detailing their pottery with chevrons, triangles, meanders, whorls and spirals and the occasional swastika. (all this in 6th-5th millennia BC)

Here we even see the first known examples of the Yin-Yang symbology from the Old Europe/Danube Valley civilization, found on pottery and dated to circa 5000 BCE.

Were the ancient Hyperboreans privy to science magic as well? Let's take a short look at some related symbology from Arkaim. The above mentioned plasmonic motor is only 100 nanometres in size, but given the right kind of power in the form of a linearly polarized light beam, it can produce enough torque to turn a silica disk 4,000 times larger than the motor itself. This type of light-driven motor isn't new, but the kind of power derived from a motor this small was previously unheard of and beyond incredible. Previous attempts at plasmonic motors required the devices to be at least many micrometers in size, and even then they produced far less torque per unit volume.

Early spiral bands are a common feature of the early civilizations and directly related to the Polar Star religion, centering on Polaris. Artifacts featuring this trait spread from Arkaim in all the directions that the Hyperboreans traveled to. Spiral band symbols are found throughout in 'Old Europe', especially the Mycenaean. Nordic and Carpathian cultures. They are ultimately derived from the oldest religion known to us and goes back to the most remote antiquity when men saw the heavens as revolving around the axis of the Pole Star. 

A man in India wearing a t-shirt showing the Hyperborean symbol of the ancient 'Pole Star religion'.

Pretending to be descended from the Eurasian Hyperboreans, a person shows the "Pole Star" symbol as a tattoo.

Prince Harry and acquaintances at a recent "Hyperborean Pole Star" celebration.

   A 7,000-Year-Old Swastika unearthed in NW Bulgaria, during excavations of a ritual pit around the village of Altimir near the town of Vratsa. This 'Old European' Vinca script most probably is directly related to the same symbols found at Arkaim and later in India. All brought by the ancient northern practitioners of the Polar Star religion of the Hyperboreans. 

The night sky of the northern hemisphere seen today. Still visible after many thousands of years, in the middle of the rotating star and planet trails is Polaris, aka the Pole Star.

The first recorded Egyptian pharaohs who started the Egyptian dynastic period. Narmer (left) and Menes. They and the other protodynastic and early Egyptian pharaohs may very well be descendents of the ancient Hyperboreans, designed by the Anunnaki in the distant past, just as the case vis-a-vis ancient Sumeria. They share the same Mitochondrial Eve as most European and Eurasian populations.

We know that the first early dynastic Egyptian pharaohs were Narmer, (seen above on the left) and Menes. They are accredited as being the first Egyptian pharaohs to have united their holdings along the Nile river, known to us as Upper and Lower Egypt. (Some Egyptologists hold that Menes is the same person as Hor-Aha and that he inherited an already-unified Egypt from Narmer) Also coincidentally, the name, Menes, means "He who endures", which, I.E.S. Edwards (1971) suggests, may have been coined as "descriptive epithet denoting a semi-legendary hero [...] whose name had been lost, his name may mean collectively the protodynastic pharaohs Ka, Scorpion and Narmer.

However, importantly here, it has been shown by scholars that the Pyramids were aligned towards the pole star, which, because of the precession of the equinoxes, was at that time Thuban, a faint star in the constellation of Draco. Evaluation of the site of the temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, taking into account the change over time of the obliquity of the ecliptic, has shown that the Great Temple was aligned on the rising of the midwinter sun. The Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error. The position of the North Pole moves over time and the pyramid was exactly aligned at one time. It has been proven and is quite obvious that the early dynasty pharaohs, who were responsible for the construction of the pyramid at Giza, specifically wanted it to be associated with the north for all eternity and during their afterlife. We know that the earliest populations of Egypt, reaching back thousands of years before the dynasty periods, were populations of people who traveled south through the Levant, becoming farmers initially. However, besides the previously mentioned DNA and many other archeological evidences, this is further proof that the early Egyptian populations, protodynastic and early dynastic period pharaohs, nobility and their religious class were ultimately offshoots of the southward traveling Hyperboreans in the distant past, arriving through western Eurasia, (including the already shown 'Old European' civilizations) then Anatolia/the Levant (including Sumeria) until finally settling along the Nile river and then expanding their civilization and realms. Descendents of another Mitochondrial Eve.

To support even further the scientific model presented up to here, above is an image of probably today's most well known Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankahamun. (aka King Tut)  Tutankhamun had been the last Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty and ruled from about 1332 until 1323 BC. His paternal lineage begins with Pharaoh Thutmose I. who ruled from about 1504 until 1492 BC. In the year 2009 extended DNA tests had been carried out with the mummy of Tutankamun and other members for his family.

Results found the haplogroup R1b1a2 which arose about 9.500 years ago in the surrounding area of the Black Sea. The migration of this haplogroup into Europe started at the earliest with the spread of agriculture since 7000 BC. It is very probable that it is also connected to the Indo-Europeans who spread over Europe a little later in several waves of migrations. The R1b1a2 haplogroup is the most common Y-chromosome haplogroup in Europe reaching its highest concentrations in Western Europe, from 50-70%. In Egypt the contingent of this haplogroup is less than 1%. In other words, King Tut was European through and through.

Was King Tut, and others in Egypt, part of the populations that diverged from the ancient Hyperboreans in the distant past? Science seems to point at "Yes".

Considering the Eurasian ancestry of Yul Brynner (Yuliy Borisovich Briner), he may very well be the closest and truest to life representation and portrayal of not only Ramesses II, (who's jewelry and 'Ramsses Sandals' are coincidentally the most popular on 'The Shopping Channel), but also the Pharaoh Tutankahamun. (King Tut). Even though Moses didn't exist, that staffs turning into snakes fight surely would have been something to behold.

Above is timelapse footage of star and planet trails centered around Polaris. This is the very same view that the 'Old Ones', the Hyperboreans would have seen in the night sky many thousands of years ago also. This is the symbology that went on to represent the Hyperborean 'Pole Star religion' and the subsequent spinning wheel imagery and symbolism was a reminder of their original habitat and their skies. (Note - The above video footage has not been faked, tampered with nor include computer generated visual effects to make it only appear to be related to the later Hyperborean 'Pole Star' symbolism. The video has not been edited using Youtube editing tools or contain special effects added by me. You are not being hypnotized or induced by way of mesmerism or trickery to see things that aren't there. One can clearly see with their very own eyes that Polaris is in the middle and that the other planets and stars are clearly revolving around Polaris, their rotating movements are then simply being captured on film using a long exposure. One can not deny what they are beholding right before their very eyes

The swastika below can be seen on a carving called an ayagaptha, in Mathura, India. The emblem is one of the last remains of the tribes of the original Hyperboreans, or later Northern Indo-Europeans – who called themselves Aryans – who invaded India. (Most probably the ancient Hyperboreans according to the various linear markers. In that land, they were eventually absorbed into the local population, creating the caste system still present in that country even to this day. The fact that the swastika appears as a symbol from Scandinavia to Italy (early Etruscans) to India indicates precisely how far the Hyperboreans, this Indo-European influence was felt and which seems to have originated in the ancient north as part of the Polar Star cult. Arkium was most definitely then a hub for expansion of the ancient Hyperborans. It is probable that it was they who came to Sumeria by way of circumventing the Black Sea and through the 'Old Europe". Vinca civilization and these areas north of the Black Sea were early expansion routes from Hyperborea that could have started around 100,000 years ago. The original and ancient 'Old Ones' or ''Wise Ones'.

Again we see the Taklamakan mummies of China from about 4,000 years ago. Descendents of the  Hyperboreans who invaded India and brought their Polar Star religion symbol with them. They are without a doubt related to the 'Old Europe' Vinca civilization who also brought and used the same Polar Star symbol and included it in their ancient script as well as a decorative/protective symbol there as well. The ancient Hyperboreans spread far and wide and obviously used Arkaim as a hub, or a 'Citadel of Knowledge', as well as a center to practice their Polar Star religion and the following expansion of knowledge and science.

Seen above is Eske Willerslev who is a Danish evolutionary biologist notable for his pioneering work on Ancient DNA. He is currently a full professor at Copenhagen University and director of the Centre of Excellence in GeoGenetics. His and other research team findings conclusively prove that after analysis of the Kostenki man, who was discovered in modern day Russia and dated to circa. 37,000 years ago, he was genetically already a modern day European. Also based on other skeleton remains, scientists now know that it was within the 8000 year previous period that Europeans/Western Eurasians and Eastern Asians went their separate ways from a common lineage, both containing Neanderthal DNA even to this day. These results show that at one time there was a great meta-population across all of Europe and Central Asia. This population also did not possess a genetic contribution from a now-extinct archaic African hominin population that is strictly a part of African populations legacy, but instead they did already possess genetic components of modern day Europeans. This again shows that there were separate regional evolutions already taking place in various parts of the land mass that today we call "Africa" for almost a million years previously, that there was also a regional evolutionary process taking place in Eurasia and that the populations that traveled across Eurasia were already different genetically from the populations in Africa, for quite some time and even up to today. These Eurasian modern human species came into contact with even older archaic humans that had already been living there at least a million years previously. Further regional evolutions,  microevolutions, genetic drift and mutations then took place which produced todays various races/sub-speices of humans.  (ie.: There are no Neanderthal skeletal remains in Africa or any genetic contribution to Africans from Neanderthals, just as the now-extinct archaic African hominin genes are not present among Europeans and Asians, the latter of whom some also have Denisovan DNA admixture. There is also genetic admixture to Eurasians from a still mysterious archaic human population that was at least 1.1 million years old and is credited for contributing the D allele of microcephalic to Eurasians) This great Eurasian meta-population had already possessed the genes that was previously thought to have been introduced by later more recent mass migrations. Researchers found that Kostenki-14's DNA was very closely related to early European hunter-gatherers, contemporary Europeans and some contemporary Siberians. In effect, 37,000 years ago Kostinki man was a part of the original modern European populations, taking the torch to become the first-born of the Hyperboreans (known later as the Veneti/Harvati etc) after the demise of the very first original the Neanderthals. More info:

More interesting information which illustrates and will buttress some previously made points. Taking a step back to the Bronze Age (3300-1200 BCE) above we see the origins and spread of the Proto-Slavic languages from early Balto-Slavic. Notice how the spread of early Slavic languages and populations falls in line again with the later recorded Veneti, as well as with border areas that correspond to Celtic and Germanic speakers. Amazingly again, these areas again are centered in and around the "Carpathian" mountains, ("Harvaða" in the old epic legendary sagas)... the areas where according to his (and by other historians) oldest sources and recorded by Eastern Roman Emperor Constantine VII in De Administrando Imperio as the lands where the southern migrating Croats had arrived from in the early middle ages...Great Croatia, also called White Croatia. It is then easily seen that the early Croats were temporally contiguous with Slav, Veneti, Celtic and Germanic speakers reaching very far back in history. It is no surprise again as to why today there are many archaic Germanic loanwords in Croatian and other Slavic languages and other words which are rooted in and reach far back to even these Balto-Slavic/Proto-Slavic times. Image:

Another interesting fact worth noting and directly related to the information from the previous video and languages map, is something that would probably be of interest especially to Croatian readers. Genetically, on the Y chromosome line, a majority (87%) of Croats belong to one of the three major European Y-DNA haplogroups -- Haplogroup I (38%), Haplogroup R1a 35% and Haplogroup R1b 16%. All three of these groups appeared in Europe during the upper paleolithic around 35,000-20,000 BC. Furthermore the dominant presence of haplogroup I is rather interesting, as it is the only native European haplogroup. This group exists in Europe only and is fairly widespread, but in relatively small percentages. Its frequency in the Croatian lands is high, but the only populations that have similar levels of the I haplogroup are the Scandinavians. Haplogroup I is believed to have weathered the last glacial maximum in the lands corresponding to modern day Croatia and surrounding area and then migrating north as the ice sheets retreated. Also, by these statistics we can clearly see that the strongest Haplogroup in Croatians is Halpogroup I, when combined with other middle ages historical written records about Croats, we see that the early common era Croat history as being Gothic and Slavic descendants is absolutely correct. We share these haplogroups with Scandinavians more than anyone else in Europe, so the early European populations that went on to become Scandinavians also went on to become Croatians. Territorially and demographically speaking, one can see this also affected many areas inhabited by Slavic-speaking communities.

Now, the previous information may perturb some, or find it as surprising and some kind of new revelation, but it isn't really.  For instance,  just as the Veneti were temporally contiguous with the Germanic and early Balto-Slavic and Proto-Slavic languages speakers and people (and hence the early Croatians also) during even the Bronze Age (3300-1200 BCE), we see the same scenario took place even in modern day Italy. The early Roman tribes were not the sole peoples of ancient modern day Italian lands. Etrsucans, Celts, Greeks and other peoples eventually went on to become the Romans.  "Surely you jest" you must be thinking, but it is true nonetheless. These various tribes of peoples who were also descendants of Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons, but who were not Roman or speak the earliest Latinic language, went on to eventually become Romans and invent pizza. (Modern day Italians) Essentially and truthfully, all the modern day Non-African descendants of Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons went on to become modern day Italians. Image:

3800 year-old mummies with Caucasian features in China had technologies that were too advanced for the time. Their remains are proof that some European peoples arrived in China almost 3,000 years before Marco Polo.

Numerous scholars and scientists believe that todays major religions are ultimately derived from the aforementioned ancient pole star religion, (aka "Polaris"), and that the movement of the stars and planets in the night sky in turn are reflection of the aforementioned Raptor Jesus. After all, Raptor Jesus was born in an egg, and his parents also sprang forth from an egg. It is thus the symbol of fertility and birth through the following many aeons and even up to today, it is for this reason that the mysterious and mystical egg is also of central importance to Easter. It may very well be that Cro-Magnon man has in effect kept alive the memory of the first Raptor Jesus, the stars and planets then simply chart that historical epoch through various myths that are manifest through the reality of the mirror of space. Even the cycles of the Moon are representative of the cycle of birth from the egg, each new Moon is in effect a new egg. It is then clearly seen that Neanderthals were the sacrificial prophets in the wilderness proclaiming the good news of yet another coming age. Another more recent and illustrious coming age of the Hyperboreans, ie; Cro-Magnon man and Cro-Magnon civilization. (as well as the important symbols which he has used even since the Mesozoic...the pole star, the witch star, lunar symbols of the red and blue moons as well as the always present but unseen 13th moon, the checkered board matrix, the lightning and thunder marks, the wise serpent who bequeaths the mysterious truths and secrets to the minds eye of the first Cro-Magnons, the Hyperborean chalice of eternal mist, (which holds the mist of the myriad of stars and planets in the night sky), the eternal egg and of course the mysterious orbs which just as the Moon, is also the eternal egg, etc)

Colin Wilson, the highly accredited investigator mentioned earlier, in answer takes us back to the Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia, a people who almost certainly had their origin in this Central Asia, even as the Bible states: “As men migrated from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar [Sumer] and settled there.” Sumer is regarded as the site of one of the first true civilizations in human history of the original travelers from somewhere more east and north of the Black Sea. The ancient race of the Hyperboreans and their cult of the Polar Star may point towards the truth that Arkaim was a troy town, so-called after the city in Asia Minor that the Greek king Agammenon destroyed during the Trojan Wars. Built on the same circular principle as Troy, as described in Homer’s Iliad, but at least six hundred years older, Arkaim finds its prototype in Plato’s Atlantis with its three concentric circles of canals; in legendary Electris, the Hyperborean city some said was built under the Pole Star by the sea-god Poseidon; and in Asgard, the sacred city dedicated to the Norse god Odin that is described in the Icelandic saga, the Poetic Edda. All these legendary troy towns have the same circular ground plan. They have gone down in history as neolithic Wisdom centres and the seats of ancient god-kings, and this undoubtedly throws light on the cultic function of Arkaim in its day. The ancient Hyperboreans beyond the far north arctic circle brought with them advanced mathematical and astronomical knowledge and the seeds of arts and sciences that would eventually be passed on to our brute ancestors to become the basis, about eight thousand years ago, for our own civilizations.

Many scholars also see the Cro-Magnons migrating to all points south from this northern “Hyperborean” homeland, somewhere in the Arctic regions, where they had been long secluded, with at least four migrations, probably do to big climate changes, from around 60,000 BC, to the last one around 10,000 BC. There could have been second and third homelands later founded. These migrations brought the Cro-Magnons perhaps to all the continents, North America (eg. the Solutrean-Clovis), southwest to Spain, to Europe, etc. (Aurignacian, Solutrean, Magdalenian and Azilian cultures). Ancient legends from both continents attest to the Cro Magnons in Europe and in the Americas. Another very practical view of Cro-Magnon is from Professor Seymour W. Itzkoff', (see PERIODICAL/PDF/MankindQuarterly) who sees the Cro-Magnons in this Eurasian homeland that we call 'Hyperborea', migrating with great weather changes south etc., with some hanging on to become the ancestors of European. The descendants of the Cro-Magnon s on their way south were given several thousands of years of breathing room, to learn, to adapt to the new ways of life along the rivers, the Tigris/Euphrates, Nile  Danube, Indus, and along the Mediterranean littoral. The same minds that quickly adjusted to the relatively mild and rich hunting ecology on the Eur-Asian plains, soon fabricated sickles to harvest the wild grains, cisterns to store the variable rains. Thousands of years after leaving 'Hyperborea' and spreading west and east, Arkaim was probably one of their eventual hubs, a center for consolidating their wisdom, worshipping their deities, and plans for future generations which brought the great civilizations.

It is agreed by scholars that eventually the swastika became more common place and used more often in India, becoming more extensively used in ritual and engraved in objects, but also that it was found and used well before being introduced to the Indus Valley, ie: from the old Eurasian/European civilizations, just a few examples have been shown here. Also worth noting, there are scholars who believe that in the Indus Valley the swastika could have eventually been connected to the sun, but this was not it's original meaning. (The sun does not spin, one can not even look at the sun for longer than a second or two to envision some kind of spinning motion) However, the Hyperboreans and their descendents, after many centuries in the distant past, it seems they did notice things after looking at the dark and starry skies. Only after examining the skies from equinox to equinox, noticing the constellations, then from week to week until eventually studying the stars from dusk until dawn, only then did they take notice that the sky verily did spin above their world. Spinning so slow that only by careful and exact comparisons could it be noticed. The skies spinning circular and evenly around and around again.....the Hyperboreans then took note and marked this amazing secret with a symbol.

It must be remembered, all this presented information and the investigations into this fascinating topic is not, I repeat NOT any kind of support of or have any association to any particular political movements, national movements, religious movements, their various policies, philosophies, belief systems or even various esoteric magic societies or organizations or even particular fashion designs, music genres, poetry or works of art, etc. It should be noted, all the information presented thus far is for the benefit of the reader, to show the true origins of the swastika, it's ancient history and it's original meaning. In this short examination it has been proven that the swastika was in use in Europe long before being found commonplace in India and elsewhere. It has been shown that it is directly related to 'Polaris' and the ancient Pole-Star religion, that it is a multidimensional and an archaic esoteric symbol associated with various meanings over the past 7000 years, at least. It has been shown to be an extremely ancient symbol with an attachment to the 'Old Ones', the 'Wise Ones' ie: the legendary Hyperboreans. It has also been shown that it was also associated with several contemporaneous civilizations and that this Hyperborean symbol is perhaps one of, if not the oldest symbols in all of human history. The Pole-Star is still visible in the skies even to this day.

Reconstruction of Cro-Magnon peoples during the Late Stone Age based on current paleo-anthropological data. Image:

A short mention before the end of this post,a few more words about the Cro-Magnons, the peoples directly related to modern European peoples and successors of the previous Neanderthal peoples. Only touched upon in this blog. (Yet, if you have been paying attention, then you will know that Cro-Magnon actually kept showing himself throughout this post in numerous places) The Cro-Magnons were among the late Ice Age peoples of Europe and are identified with Homo sapiens sapiens of modern form, ie: modern humans. The physical dimensions of so-called "Cro-Magnon" are not sufficiently different from modern humans to warrant a separate designation. They lived in Europe and Eurasia in the time range ca. 35,000-10000 b.p. The term 'Cro-Magnon' is still very commonly used in popular texts because it makes an obvious distinction with the Neanderthals, with whom they shared parts of the continent with for a time. Cro-Magnon man was, and is still, an inexplicable leap that defies Darwinism and evolutionary theories of any kind. How did Cro-Magnon acquire a brain which today qualifies as "the most complex object in the known universe".  In addition to the brain’s physical complexity, its performance knows no bounds - mathematics and art, abstract thought and conceptualization and, above all, moral conscience and self-awareness. From millions of years of simple stone tools and the simplest technology, which even chimpanzees do today, to suddenly in a very short time, building civilizations and societies, advanced capabilities in such things as art, music and complex mathematics. According to any of the previously presented evolutionary models, that would have required another million years, at the very least. Perhaps another 100 million years to attain perfection in engineering, astronomy and deep space probes. American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, historian of science and evolutionary laureate Stephen Jay Gould, had even described Darwinism and human evolution as an ‘awesome improbability’, and numerous others refer to it as just a "Darwinist wishful thinking". In the end it is a fact that all modern day native Europeans are directly descended from Cro-Magnon man. There are no other missing links or archaic skeletal evidences of being descended from anything or anyone else than this suddenly appearing new conquerer with the inexplicable new intelligence, who was genetically exactly the same as us. (Recall my previous mentions about the Anunnaki and the "genetic engineering" scenarios, etc)

35,000 years old ivory carving of the now extinct woolly mammoth discovered at the site of the Vogelherd Cave in southwestern Germany. The geological context of the discoveries and radiocarbon dating indicate that the figurines belong to the Aurignacian culture. 

 Cro-Magnon head carved from mammoth ivory is from the Gravettian culture of the Upper Palaeolithic. Discovered near Brno Czech Republic in 1891, it is surmised to have been the top tip of a staff as the long hair extends to beyond the break point. It is dated to be around 26,000 years old. Image:

Ian Brown, former lead singer of the music group "Stone Roses".

Croatian professional handball player Ivano Balić

Croatian professional footballer Domagoj Vida.

Current scientific literature prefers the term "European Early Modern Humans" (or EEMH), instead of "Cro-Magnon" because it is from Cro-Magnon that indigenous Europeans are descended from. (Keeping in mind the DNA contribution from Neanderthals) A mitochondrial DNA sequence of two Cro-Magnons from the Paglicci Cave, Italy, dated to 23,000 and 24,000 years old (Paglicci 52 and 12), identified the mtDNA as Haplogroup N. Considering the origins of this Haplogroup N, scientists believe they entered into Europe from the east, and so originated somewhere in the land mass of  Eurasia-Siberia, and then appearing simultaneously across the continent. (Scholars can't account for his sudden appearance simultaneously in many parts of the continent, reaching right to the Atlantic Ocean. They are most probably the ancient "Hyperboreans" already discussed here) Cro-Magnon Man is also of the earliest and best established fossils showing equal physique and brain capacity to modern man.

Representation of Cro-Magnon from the late Neolithic. Based on the western Eurasian origin and then distribution of the N Haplogroup, as well as paleoanthropological and archeological evidences, scholars believe that after already migrating south from Hyperborea and reaching Cimmeria in the early Neolithic, Cro-Magnon then traveled west of the Caspian sea towards the boundaries of western Eurasia until eventually reaching the Atlantic coast of Europe, all the while spreading also into the Levant and bringing along the R1a haplogroup. Cro-Magnons then eventually went on to conquer the Levant subduing remaining populations of humanoids. Ultimately founding and ruling ancient Sumeria and the early Egyptian dynasties. Simultaneously in the Old Europe the descendents of Cro-Magnon started the ancient Danube Valley civilization.

Various forms of art, cave paintings and carvings had been present in various parts of Europe and Eurasia for thousands of years, but it was during the Gravettian period (32,000-22,000 years ago) that Venus figurines, carvings and then ceramics made an appearance. Using abstract styles, and sometimes exaggerated stylization, various forms of female figures were made. The local elder matriarch being fashioned into a figurine seems to have been common. The Venus of Laussel seen above was discovered in a rock shelter and dates to 25,000 years ago. Coincidentally, the horn she is holding includes 13 carved notches which may allude to the 13 moons or 13 menstrual cycles in a year. Images:

One of the most realistic early representations of the human face. Carved in mammoth ivory, the Venus of Brassempouy is dated to the Gravettian period and dated to be around 25,000 years old. Numerous ancient Greek sources seem to correlate to now known people and DNA/haplogroup migrations evidence. Genetics are the litmus test of ancient historical works. Ancient Greek sources tell us that early European populations arrived from far beyond Thrace, the borders of Greece and "beyond the North Winds"and that they were known as the Hyperboreans in the distant past.

During the Magdalenian culture period in Europe, another Venus figure carved into stone inside a rock shelter. (17,000-12,000 years ago) More images:

The Lion man of the Hohlenstein Stadel was found in 1939 in a cave named Stadel-Höhle im Hohlenstein (Stadel cave in Hohlenstein Mountain) in Germany. Carved out of mammoth ivory it is the oldest known uncontested example of figurative art yet discovered in the world. Portraying the features of a man and of the now extinct European/Eurasian cave lion, the sculpture has also been interpreted as anthropomorphic, giving human characteristics to an animal, although it may also have represented a mythological deity and used by a Hyperborean shaman during that cultural epoch. It has been dated to the Upper Palaeolithic and determined to be around 40,000 years old. Image:

Venus figurine discovered in Central Europe, it is constructed of clay and is from the Holocene period. (12,000 years ago) Numerous Venus figurines found throughout the area at nearby archaeological sites such as Willendorf and Grimaldi indicate they were made by children. In 2004, a tomograph scan of the Venus of Dolní Věstonice, and which dates back to 26,000 years ago, showed the fingerprint of a child who handled it before it was fired. Image:

Venus figurines started to incorporate dressed as well as nude versions during the Holocene period which started around 12,000 years ago. The earliest evidence of weaving is dated from around 30,000 years ago and found in Dolni Vestonice in the present day Czech Republic.
 Images and more information:

What the archaeological record seems to show is that in Europe, after millennia of almost no progress at all, even in the few areas where modern man has been found, suddenly human culture seems to take off like an explosion with the appearance of Cro-Magnon man. Not only does culture explode, but also new ways of doing things, new styles and innovations that were utterly unknown in the period immediately preceding them, suddenly appear, only to disappear again like an outdated fad. From Spain to the Urals, sites list the developments of sewing needles, barbed projectiles, fishhooks, ropes, meat drying racks, temperature controlled hearths, and complex dwellings. The most amazing part of all of it is the art. Art suddenly springs onto the landscape, fully formed, with no period of gradual development; no signs of childish attempts preceding it. A piece of ivory carved 32,000 years ago is as realistic as anything turned out by the most accomplished carver of the present day. The Upper Paleolithic signals the most fundamental change in human behavior that the archaeological record may ever reveal. The only explanation for this tremendous change is that a new kind of human appeared on the earth stage. It has also been shown in the skeletal evidences that modern humans of the Levant and Africa were "different" from the Cro-Magnon types that "appeared" in Europe, and who eventually left traces all across Eurasia. (Excerpts from "The Secret History of the World and How to Get Out Alive")

Bestselling author Brian Fagan brings these early modern humans out of the deep freeze with his trademark mix of erudition, cutting-edge science, and vivid storytelling. Cro-Magnon reveals modern human and Eurasian society in its infancy, facing enormous environmental challenges from glaciers, predators, and a different species of humans-the archaic Neanderthals. Cro-Magnon captures the adaptability that has made humans an unmatched success as a species. Living on a frozen continent with only crude tools, Ice Age humans in Europe transformed, survived and thrived, we meet the most remarkable ancestors of the new modern humans. If you're from European ancestry, they are your direct ancestors and the oldest archeological proof of modern humans.

After the Neanderthals, when one thinks of the earliest modern humans to walk the lands of Europe and parts of Asia, the forefathers of today's modern European peoples, it is Cro-Magnon who brought us to where we are today. It is the Cro-Magnon peoples who developed more complicated technologies than the Neanderthals, they developed farming, much better hunting techniques, better tools, they started becoming more proficient artists, spreading art and perfecting it, they started building homes with materials, bricks and with their own designs, eventually leaving caves altogether and starting communities, taming the earth wherever they so chose...Arkaim, Stonehenge, Old Europe, Sumeria etc. The fact is, the sudden appearance made Cro-Magnon, compared to the other “anatomically modern humans” around him, practically a superman. They were skilled hunters, toolmakers and artists famous for the cave art at places such as Lascaux, Chauvet, and Altamira. They had a high cranium, a broad and upright face, and cranial capacity “about the same as modern humans”, but less than that of Neanderthals. The males were on the average about 6 feet.

I have already shown in this post how Neanderthals have left their legacy which has even affected today's various fashion models, and has for quite some time. Likewise, Cro-Magnon models (who if you recall, also have contributions from the aforementioned Neanderthals), also naturally exist today and are also on the covers of numerous magazines, which can not be denied and is scientifically proven. The DNA admixture of Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons has been verified and proven to be beneficial and a boon to the fashion model world. Image: More hybrid Neanderthal/Cro-Magnon models at

cromagnon by frossardseilhean

Above we see some fascinating film footage that was never available before the 21st century. Based on numerous scientific studies and archeological evidences, and study of Cro-Magnon footprints and movement patterns in and around numerous caves, only today are scientists able to duplicate the exact same ritualistic dances that Cro-Magnons performed in various parts of Europe over 40,000 years ago. 

Just as in the case of the Neanderthals, Cro-Magnon cigars have also made an appearance because they naturally also enjoyed a good cigar after some mammoth or wild deer steaks.

When one recalls the benefits and the small but important legacy that the Neanderthals left, then by comparison when one looks into the mirror, it is Cro-Magnon looking back at you. He is looking back at you looking at himself or herself and looking back at you again, you are looking into a mirror that is looking back and forth at you for well over 40,000 years. He doesn't say a word, he just looks at you and his eyes tell you..."Hey, I know that look in your eye, I know why you look at the full moon on dark nights, I tamed the earth before you knew there was a moon, the stars were my torch on dark nights when I subdued and killed the savage wild beasts on the snowy plains and in the whispering forests, those forests still whisper my name for eternity, the mighty thunders have witnessed the crushed skulls and impaled mortals who dared defy...."...something like that. Anyway, I may make an informative post in the future specifically about Cro-Magnon people that gets much more into detail, along with many other amazing facts that will send you into delirium with awe, wondrous shock and amazement when you look at the sky very differently on full moon nights      

After the entrance of Cro-Magnon man into the European historical chapter, some other intriguing facts rise to the surface, facts and evidences which have only been able to be shown thanks to modern day genetic and DNA technology. The following is an excerpt from Lazardis and It's the first study to fully sequence genomes of Neolithic and Mesolithic Europeans, and report Y-chromosome haplogroups from Mesolithic Europe.

......West European Hunter-Gatherer (WHG): this ancestral component is based on an 8,000 year-old forager from the Loschbour rock shelter in Luxembourg (one of the individuals mentioned above belonging to I2a1b). The WHG meta-population includes the Loschbour sample and two Mesolithic individuals from the La Brana Cave in Spain. However, today the WHG component peaks among Estonians and Lithuanians, in the East Baltic region, at almost 50%.

Early European Farmer (EEF): apparently this is a hybrid component, the result of mixture between "Basal Eurasians" and a WHG-like population possibly from the Balkans. It's based on the aforementioned LBK farmer from Stuttgart, but today peaks at just over 80% among Sardinians. Apart from the Stuttgart sample, the EEF meta-population includes Oetzi the Iceman and a Neolithic Funnelbeaker farmer from Sweden.

Ancient North Eurasian (ANE): this is the twist in the tale, a component based on a previously reported genome of a 24,000 year-old Upper Paleolithic forager from South Central Siberia, belonging to Y-hg R*, and known as Mal'ta boy or MA-1 (see here). This component was very likely present in Southern Scandinavia since at least the Mesolithic (see the summary of SHG below), but only seems to have reached Western Europe after the Neolithic. At some point it also spread into the Americas. In Europe today it peaks among Estonians at just over 18%, and, intriguingly, reaches a similar level among Scots. However, numbers weren't given for Finns, Russians and Mordovians, who, according to one of the maps, also carry very high ANE, but their results are confounded by more recent Siberian admixture (see the discussion on the European outliers below). The ANE meta-population includes Mal'ta boy as well as a late Upper Paleolithic sample from Central Siberia, dubbed Afontova Gora-2 (AG2).

Scandinavian Hunter-Gatherer (SHG): this is a meta-population made up of Swedish Mesolithic and Neolithic forager samples from Motala and Gotland, respectively. It's a more easterly variant of WHG, with probable ANE admixture.

This study raises two questions that are important to address in future research. A first is where the EEF picked up their WHG ancestry. Southeastern Europe is a candidate as it lies along the geographic path from Anatolia into central Europe, and hence it should be a priority to study ancient samples from this region. A second question is when and where ANE ancestors admixed with the ancestors of most present-day Europeans. Based on discontinuity in mtDNA haplogroup frequencies in Central Europe, this may have occurred during the Late Neolithic or early Bronze Age ~5,500-4,000 years ago35. A central aim for future work should be to collect transects of ancient Europeans through time and space to illuminate the history of these transformations.

The absence of Y-haplogroup R1b in our two sample locations is striking given that it is, at present, the major west European lineage. Importantly, however, it has not yet been found in ancient European contexts prior to a Bell Beaker burial from Germany (2,800-2,000BC)12, while the related R1a lineage has a first known occurrence in a Corded Ware burial also from Germany (2,600BC)13. This casts doubt on early suggestions associating these haplogroups with Paleolithic Europeans14, and is more consistent with their Neolithic entry into Europe at least in the case of R1b15, 16. More research is needed to document the time and place of their earliest occurrence in Europe. Interestingly, the Mal’ta boy belonged to haplogroup R* and we tentatively suggest that some haplogroup R bearers may be responsible for the wider dissemination of Ancient North Eurasian ancestry into Europe, as their haplogroup Q relatives may have plausibly done into the Americas17.

No doubt, a lot of people will now be wondering about the ultimate source of the ANE that apparently rushed into Europe during the start of the metal ages. The Siberian steppe will probably be the favored option for many, since this is where Mal'ta boy and Afontova Gora-2 came from. But I think the source was Eastern Europe.

First of all, as already mentioned, it seems that ANE was present in Sweden during the Mesolithic (Figure S12.7 shows around 19% ANE in the Motala12 sample). Secondly, despite the ANE and WHG being classified as separate ancestral and meta-populations, the differences between them appear to be clinal rather than discrete, which I think can be seen in the PCA and ADMIXTURE results from the study (see here and here). Thus, I'd expect a lot more ANE in Eastern Europe during the Mesolithic than in Scandinavia. Thirdly, it's likely that the ancestors of modern Uralic speakers were in Siberia very early, possibly during the Mesolithic, and they were probably East Eurasians aka. Eastern non-Africans (ENA)

Indeed, based on latest linguistic research, it appears that the pre-proto-Uralics migrated at some point from Siberia into the southern Urals, in far eastern Europe. The Uralics proper then expanded from the southern Urals, probably during the Bronze Age, both to the east and west, as far as the Baltic (see here). This Uralic expansion is certainly reflected in the Lazaridis et al. data, and it's not the only relatively late migration into Europe that shows up in their stats.While our three-way mixture model fits the data for most European populations, two sets of populations are poor fits. First, Sicilians, Maltese, and Ashkenazi Jews have EEF estimates beyond the 0-100% interval (SI13) and they cannot be jointly fit with other Europeans (SI12). These populations may have more Near Eastern ancestry than can be explained via EEF admixture (SI13), an inference that is also suggested by the fact that they fall in the gap between European and Near Eastern populations in the PCA of Fig. 1B. Second, we observe that Finns, Mordovians, Russians, Chuvash, and Saami from northeastern Europe do not fit our model (SI12; Extended Data Table 3).

To better understand this, for each West Eurasian population in turn we plotted f4(X, Bedouin2; Han, Mbuti) against f4(X, Bedouin2; MA1, Mbuti), using statistics that measure the degree of a European population’s allele sharing with Han Chinese or MA1 (Extended Data Fig. 7). Europeans fall along a line of slope >1 in the plot of these two statistics. However, northeastern Europeans fall away from this line in the direction of Han. This is consistent with Siberian gene flow into some northeastern Europeans after the initial ANE admixture, and may be related to the fact that Y-chromosome haplogroup N 30, 31 is shared between Siberian and northeastern Europeans32, 33 but not with western Europeans.

This skull was unearthed from a lake bed in central Sweden near the town of Motala. It formed part of the analysis that linked Northern European to indigenous hunters as well as Ancient North Eurasians.

There may in fact be multiple layers of Siberian gene flow into northeastern Europe after the initial ANE gene flow, as our analyses reported in SI 12 show that some Mordovians, Russians and Chuvash have Siberian-related admixture that is significantly more recent than that in Finns (SI12).The authors are actually referring to the Kargopol Russians from the HGDP in that quote. But from my own analyses with a wide variety of samples from Russia, I know that other Russians are much more similar to Belorussians, Ukrainians and Estonians in regards to the levels of Siberian admixture they carry. In any case, this of course means that there are more than three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans, albeit not all of them influenced all Europeans. Also, it's very clear that to learn all the details about the peopling of Europe, these sorts of studies really need to start focusing on the large swath of land that stretches from present-day Poland to the Urals. In other words, Eastern Europe.

I was also going to discuss the genetically inferred pigmentation of the ancient individuals, but, because of the small sample size, there's not much to discuss at this stage. The Loschbour forager possibly had blue eyes (50% chance), but dark hair and skin. On the other hand, the Stuttgart farmer definitely had dark eyes and hair, but relatively light skin. I wonder if this swarthy hunter-gatherer skin complexion has anything to do with the fact that today lots of people from around the Baltic tan really well?

Also, it's very clear that to learn all the details about the peopling of Europe, these sorts of studies really need to start focusing on the large swath of land that stretches from present-day Poland to the Urals. In other words, Eastern Europe.

We sequenced the genomes of a ~7,000-year-old farmer from Germany and eight ~8,000-year-old hunter-gatherers from Luxembourg and Sweden. We analysed these and other ancient genomes1, 2, 3, 4 with 2,345 contemporary humans to show that most present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: west European hunter-gatherers, who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; ancient north Eurasians related to Upper Palaeolithic Siberians3, who contributed to both Europeans and Near Easterners; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west European hunter-gatherer related ancestry. We model these populations’ deep relationships and show that early European farmers had ~44% ancestry from a ‘basal Eurasian’ population that split before the diversification of other non-African lineages.

Since already on this topic of European DNA, paleontology, archeology, genetics, haplotypes, haplogroups and science in general, I guess I should add some information about where Croatians are placed in all this. (There may be some Croatian boys and girls out there who after reading this information may find it interesting and decide to become a scientist, archeologist or geneticist, etc, when they grow up)

It is believed that Haplogroup IJ originated from near the Black sea sometime between 40,000 and 30,000 years ago and developed specifically into Haplogroup I branch, this approximately 25,000 years ago. This would make Haplogroup I the first, oldest and only native European Haplogroup and the one most common among all Europeans, with the highest concentrations in Scandinavia and south-eastern Europe, especially where Croats are found. It is also found among modern populations of the Caucasus, and even parts of Anatolia, and so it is believed to have spread from there to Eastern Asia eventually also. ( A 2003 sequencing on the mitochondrial DNA of two Cro-Magnons (23,000-year-old Paglicci 52 and 24,720-year-old Paglicci 12) identified the mtDNA as Haplogroup N which is thought to have originated in western Eurasia.(The two M and N macrohaplogroups that colonized Eurasia originated somewhere in the great Eurasian expanse) Several works on genetics, their blood types and cranial morphology indicate, although not to a much greater degree than other European populations, that the Basque people are the "closest direct descendants" of the original Cro-Magnon population. This is because current populations with a high degree of Haplogroup R1b are known to possess traces of EEMH (Early European Modern Human) DNA and R1b runs slightly higher among the indigenous Basque populations.

People in large parts of Eurasia started communities and rudimentary economies over 70 years before Noah and Moses smited the evil families and drowned them.

From 2800 BCE, a large-scale cultural and genetic upheaval hit Northern Europe, around modern day Scandinavia, with the arrival of what is termed the Indo-Europeans from Eastern Europe, who introduced the Copper Age and Early Bronze Age practically without Neolithic transition. (Remember boys and girls, "Indo-Europeans" is not a specific people or language, but a classification based on commonality of some Haplogroups/Haplotypes that they both share, somewhere in the distant past Modern Europeans and populations in the Indus Valley both had some Haplotypes introduced from a common source. They are the two separate "poles of the expansion" of the Haplogroups/Haplotypes and are of similar age, (This may in fact have been the Hyperboreans, the "Old Wise Ones") This also affected language to a certain extent, some time in the very distant past a rudimentary type of language/grunting originated, so a continuum tradition evolved through the following millennia in their respective geographical locations, this is called the Kurgan hypothesis and would be responsible for the vast majority of European languages..... (Gort..Gert..Gart..Geert...Gaert...Gord...Gard...Ghart...Ghort...Hort...Hart...Haerd...Hearv
...Horv...Harv...Hjarv...Hjor...etc and so on)

Now, the first Indo-Europeans to reach Scandinavia were the Corded Ware people from the locations of modern Russia, Belarus and Poland and surrounding area, they are believed to have belonged predominantly to Haplogroup R1a. These people shared some similar maternal lineages as Scandinavian I1 inhabitants, including mtDNA haplogroups U2e, U4 and U5, but also brought many new lineages such as H2a1, H6, W and various subclades of I, J, K and T.  Besides R1a, The other important major Indo-European migration to Scandinavia was that of haplogroup R1b, that branch of the overall Haplogroup R1 is thought to have introduced Proto-Germanic languages, as an offshoot of the Proto-Celto-Germanic speakers from Central Europe. R1b probably entered Scandinavia from present-day Germany as a northward expansion of the late Unetice culture (2300-1600 BCE)

 Two volunteers are pictured in a cage of the Warsaw zoo in 2009. Warsaw's zoo opened a new display where a man and woman volunteer dressed as Cro-Magnon cavepeople, they spent time in a former monkey-cage keeping a fire burning and watching visitors who look in through the bars, the aim was to remind visitors that Early European Modern Humans (EEMH/Cavemen) once lived in caves. Photo by Janek Skarzynski/AFP/Getty Images.

Haplogroup I among Croatians in Croatia today is divided into two major subdivisions - subclade I2, typical for the populations on the eastern side of the Adriatic in general and of modern day Croatia, and I1, which is typical for north-western Europeans in general. The region of modern day Croatia seems to have served as a refuge for northern populations during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) After the LGM, the offspring of these survivors (Haplogroup I) actually repopulated much of central-eastern and south-eastern Europe, and it is considered the first original and oldest European Haplogroup..

Basically, to sum it all up, Croats in Croatia today are genetically heterogeneous from over the centuries, pointing to a high degree of mixing of newly arrived medieval migrant tribes (such as Slavs, ie: Slavic speaking Croats) with the remaining indigenous populations that were already present in the region of modern day Croatia. (small remnants of Romanized Illyrians and Celts) However, recall that well before that the early ethnogenesis of Croats was tied to the history of the Veneti, which is what we were grouped as during the early common era, and even before, by Greek and Roman writers, a sort of nomenclature name for the overall culture and people.

Further proofs and Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) results show that this is the case. Evidence again correlates to the Veneti that are mentioned in ancient Roman and Greek sources as being the early Croats, and so Slavs as well. (Located beyond the boundaries of the Roman Empire, a little known about but widespread people) The geographical areas that the Veneti occupied correlates exactly to the White Croatia located in and around the Carpathian mountains and Central and Eastern Europe, (Harvaða fjöllum in the legendary sagas), all this reaching back to at least 2000 BC. See the Polish science website article The ancestors of Slavs could have been in Europe 4000 years ago for more information.

Croatian major genomic types today include the East-European type (Eu19 or R1a) which is the most frequent among Slavs and also found in western Asia/Caucasus, and the Germanic-Dinaric haplogroup (Eu7 or I) which is the most frequent among Croats (including up to 73% in Croats found in Dalmatia and Herzegovina), which also reaches across Germany and northwards to Scandinavia (48 %) This Germanic-Dinaric haplogroup is most common among Scandinavians and the areas settled by Croats in south-eastern Europe, forming a continuity line and geographically centered in and around the Carpathian mountains, similar to the scenario of Haplogroup I and the Last Glacial Maximum already shown. (The R1a Haplogroup was introduced to western Europe and the British Isles by the Vikings in the middle ages)

Interestingly, according to the Germanic substrate hypothesis, first proposed by Sigmund Feist in 1932, Proto-Germanic was a hybrid language mixing Indo-European (R1b, and R1a) and pre-Indo-European (native Nordic I1) elements. This hybridization would have taken place during the Bronze Age and given birth to the first truly Germanic civilization, the Nordic Bronze Age (1700-500 BCE). After the recorded history of the Veneti entered European sources, who were situated in and around the Vistula and Baltics, they are considered to be the Early or Proto-Slavs. The Germanic (Goths) and the Veneti-Slavs then were temporally contiguous for many centuries in varying degrees, eventually being absorbed by both the Germanic and the Sclaveni. (ie: early recorded Slavic history by Greek and Roman sources) These Veneti seem to have been most concentrated in and around the Carpathian mountains and so thus were a kind of nucleus of early German and Slavic history, ie: they were temporally contiguous to both. From this history is also the origins of today's Croats, so there you have it boys and girls, the nuts and the bolts of it. A brief history of the DNA admixture that has contributed to and resulted in the ethnogenesis of Croats. (Hrvati) Now if you want to become a scientist, paleoanthropologist or archeologist etc, after reading all these amazing facts, no need to thank me. I like to help people, it's what I do. (Don't forget to always wear your goggles in chemistry class and gloves when handling freshly found skulls, very important)

For the boys and girls out there, this simple graph shows the route and extent of the European R1a1 Y DNA Haplogroup. (black, blue and green arrows) which is believed to have originated in central Europe. (Coincidentally it is the location of the Veneti/Early Croats-Hrvati..."und Harvaða fjöllum" in the legendary sagas) It also is the most common Haplogroup among the populations of European nations, being brought to western Europe and the British Isles by the Vikings in the middle ages. At times it is called the "Slavic Haplogroup" as well as the Haplogroup that will "earn you a Viking certificate". (You can even buy R1a1 t-shirts these days)

Above is an image of an old map showing a part of the lands known as Hyperborea and populated by the Hyperboreans, according to ancient Roman and Greek sources. Pindar, Simonides of Ceos and Hellanicus of Lesbos, contemporaries of Herodotus in the 5th century BC, all described or referenced the Hyperboreans in their works. Herodotus in 450 BC wrote how Aristeas in the 7th century BC also mentioned the Hyperboreans in a poem. The ancient Hyperboreans were thought to have been living beyond the boundaries of Thrace and across the whole wide expanse of Europe and Eurasia. The Hyperboreans were believed to live beyond the snowy Riphean Mountains which Homer first referenced in his Iliad. Recorded sources confirm the already presented DNA/haplogroup information and their population migrations evidence, their eventual movement into western Europe, the Levant, founding ancient Sumeria as well as the earliest Egyptian dynasties. These references to the Hyperboreans also correlates to the spread of their ancient Pole Star religion, as well as their various symbology and rituals..... 

.....the Hyperboreans during that time were far beyond the borders of ancient Greece and Rome. It is indeed also interesting that the above map from circa. 450 BC correlates precisely to the areas of the Carpathians, Harvaða, the Veneti, Great and White Croatia and who would also in time come to be called Croats, Goths and Slavs. A mysterious population associated with magic, wizardry and a history extending back tens of thousands of years. Could the Hyperboreans be the direct descendents of the first newly elevated Cro-Magnon populations that went on to span Europe and Eurasia? The ones who remained and started the 2nd wave of migrations after the Last Glacial Maximum? The already presented DNA/haplotype and above R1a1a clades evidence also seems to already answer this question with a resounding yes.

 Above are statues of of Arge and Opis dated to the 7th century BC which also show that the Hyperboreans were known to the ancient Greeks for many centuries and from the Hyperborea.  The Delians relate that the two virgins, Arge and Opis came down from the Hyperboreans, just as the god Apollo did....."to Delos ... Arge and Opis, they say, came with the gods themselves [Apollon and Artemis], and received honors of their own from the Delians. For the women collected gifts for them, calling upon their names in the hymn made for them by Olen of Lykia; it was from Delos that the islanders and Ionians learned to sing hymns to Opis and Arge ... Furthermore, they say that when the thighbones are burnt in sacrifice on the altar, the ashes are all cast on the burial-place of Opis and Arge, behind the temple of Artemis." - Herodotus 4.35.1

Of course there still remains numerous theories and models regarding this early chapter of modern humanity. For instance, numerous scholars are of the opinion that modern man has been on this planet for far longer than previously believed, reaching back perhaps even millions of years. (Interestingly, these views are not based on notions or fantasy, but only started and gained momentum because of inexplicable and contradictory archeological evidences, proof which need explanations) The interest in this field of archeology and the studying of the various archeological proofs and evidence complexities has been coined as Forbidden Archeology. Only recently, as in the last century, have archeologists become aware of cities and civilizations that existed and which reach back much further back in history than they had previously thought. Complex structures that rival what is found on land now, yet remarkably they were constructed even well before the pyramids.

As the newly appeared (or at least much more visible) and enigmatic Cro-Magnon man spread across the vast breadth of Eurasia, he was summoned to the will and precepts of the unknown ancient and powerful new gods. Those ancient new gods gave him the power to understand magical complexities and mysteries and transformed Cro-Magnon into a super-being. In the process his civilization left behind amazing ancient tracks and marvels. Cro-Magnon tracks and remains of which some we are only becoming privy to and comprehending only just recently. Are the ancient Cro-Magnon Hyperborean gods bestowing new secrets and mysteries even today?

ancient aliens series : underwater worlds from BBD on Vimeo.

As just one other example, in Russia, in the Caucasus mountains, not far from the cities Tzelentzchik, Touapse, Novorossiysk and Sochi, there are hundreds of megalithic monuments. The Russians call them dolmens. Russian and foreign archaeologists have not yet discovered their use. All these megalithic dolmens you see below in the pictures are dated by various archeologists from 10,000 years to 25,000 years ago, according to the website Kykeon. Approximately 3,000 of these megalithic monuments are known in the Western Caucasus, but more are constantly being found, while more and more are also being destroyed. Today, many are in great disrepair and will be completely lost if they are not protected from vandals and general neglect. Are these unfolding mysteries and truths from the past a threat to some modern day agendas and their unfounded schemes?

Was Cro-Magnon man building monoliths from even before the Last Glacial Maximum? Full article and photo gallery at

In spite of the variety of these Caucasian monuments, they show strong similarities with megaliths from different parts of Europe and Asia, like the Iberian Peninsula, France, Great Britain, Ireland, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Israel and India. A range of hypotheses has been put forward to explain these similarities and the building of megaliths on the whole, but still it remains unclear. If the experts are correct, these numerous scattered dolmens and megaliths may very well be further evidence and proof that Cro-Magnon "reappeared" from the northern Eurasian lands, that is ...Hyperboria, but had already been walking the earth for many thousands of years. Cro-Magnon man then may very well have been the remnant of a previous civilization, (a civilization that came after his previous unknown ancient civilizations, the ones that we are finding and studying just now) that inhabited and built cities and buildings over various parts of the earth many thousands of years before the Last Glacial Maximum. More information at and numerous other websites that revolve around these less discussed and only recently discovered topics.

Messel pit, near Frankfurt, Germany (dated to 47 million years ago) 

These aforementioned facts and topics seem to point towards something new, new information, new discoveries and new archeological evidences, and yet it all is pointing towards something that is extremely old at the same time. Also, something that is at odds with the information that has been disseminated up to this time from scholars and institutions. For instance, we have been aware for the last 150 years or so about the existence of dinosaurs. Their existence is proven and their bones have resurfaced and have been reassembled for all to see. Above is just one example.

However, what about the other discoveries being made about the earliest history of modern man? The newer archeological evidence being discovered almost everyday. This coined term "Forbidden Archeology" is so-called precisely because it is at odds with creationism and Darwinism, with what scholars have believed up to now, the archeological evidence and remains contradict previous assumptions and theories. Without getting into all the archeological proofs and topics of much more ancient civilizations, monoliths, buildings, which was only just touched upon here, there seems to even be corroborative evidence for the much longer existence o Cro-Magnon man also. There have been numerous discoveries over the last 150 years which point towards this. Below are just a few examples.....

Scientific results have proven that when you remember something, you are not remembering the actual event, person, place or thing, but rather just the last time that you remembered it. You are in reality only remembering a memory. Consequently, each time you recall or remember something, you are again only remembering the last time you remembered it. You are in reality each time only remembering a stored memory, the most recent and updated version of a memory and not the actual person, place, thing or event, even if it just happened yesterday or even this morning. Something that happened to you just yesterday or something told to you many years ago. Like in a computer hard drive, a specific event, person or place is stored away into a part of your brain, kept there until the next time you have need of it. Each time you remember something the information and memory is there to be accessed again. If a memory of something has not been accessed/recalled for an extremely long amount of time, it may eventually be thrown into the trash bin, ie; completely forgotten, deleted, and erased. Knowing this, it may very well be that memories of ancient gods and goddesses from many thousands of years ago may very well be memories of actual people, places and things. The above example of deities from the Slavic pantheon can be extended of course to ancient Greek, Roman, Germanic and other pantheon deities as well. (The above scenario would extend back well before the common era, long before Croats were even called Croats. (arriving from White Croatia situated in and around the Carpathians, called also the Hrvati from Harvaða in the legendary sages, even long before we were called Slavs, but were instead known as the Veneti and even by other earlier names before that, such as the Hyperboreans etc) These deities may very well be echoes of stored memories of very ancient Cro-Magnon and Neanderthals and early modern humans, and perhaps actual deified beings long in the past, actual real people and even events. Memories of actual real people that have been stored into our brains for future access and then remembered again from the previous time it was remembered, (Remembering the memory) How far back these stored memories go back we don't know for sure. Passed down information can extend back and forwards perhaps infinitely. The various deities may be extensions of the original memory that was remembered by the first witness. What better way if not through buildings and works of stone, to instead pass on the memory than through ritual and tradition.....Scientific results have proven that when you remember something, you are not remembering the actual event, person, place or thing, but rather just the last time that you remembered it. You are in reality each time only remembering a stored memory, the most recent and updated version of a memory and not the actual person, place, thing or event, even if it just happened yesterday or even this morning.

Sayre is a borough in Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 59 miles northwest of Scranton, during the 1880s a large burial mound was discovered and it was reported, several strange human skulls and bones were found and the skulls appeared to have horns.. Scientists estimated that the bodies had been buried around A.D. 1200. The archeological discovery was made by a reputable group of antiquarians, including Dr. G.P. Donehoo, the Pennsylvania state dignitary of the Presbyterian Church; A.B. Skinner, of the American Investigating Museum; and W.K.Morehead, of Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts. This was not the only horned skull discovery at the time, but while they were being studied at the American Investigating Museum in Philadelphia, government authorities confiscated them and only photographs remain. It is not known where the skulls and bones are now, or exactly how old they are or their DNA composition.

The Aluminum Hammer Wedge of Aiud is a wedge-shaped object found two kilometers east of Aiud, Romania, on the banks of the Mures River in 1974.  The object was reported to be unearthed 35 feet under sand and alongside two mastodon bones. The wedge was allegedly taken to the Archeological Institute of Cluj-Napoca to be examined, where it was found to be made of an alloy of aluminum encased in a thin layer of oxide.  The alloy of the wedge is composed of 12 different elements. Aluminum was not discovered until 1808 and not produced in quantity until 1885. Aluminium also requires 1,000 degrees of heat to be made. The fact that the hammer wedge was found in the exact same layer of earth as the mastodon bones would make it at least 11,000 years old.

Phillip Bauche was a French geographer of the 18th century who also drew a map that clearly shows Antarctica, except that Bauche's map shows Antarctica as two separate land masses, with detailed shorelines. For many years the map was generally considered to be wrong because when Antarctica was discovered it actually looked nothing what Bauche had drawn. Then in 1958 a seismic survey of Antarctica was carried out which surprisingly showed that Antarctica was indeed two archipelago islands covered by a thick layer of ice that made it appear as only one land mass, and not only that, but that the general topography of the lands beneath the ice matches the drawings on the Bauche map in every detail. This map means that Bauche was in possession of a correct map showing Antarctica 100 years before it was discovered and not only that, but without any ice on it. Antarctica has not been in an ice free condition for a minimum of at least 10,000 years. Numerous scientists believe that the period of time may even be several million years.

In the years 1991-1993, gold prospectors on the small river Narada, on the eastern side of the Ural mountains, have found unusual, mostly spiral-shaped objects. The size of these things ranges from a maximum of 3 cm (1.2 in.) down to an incredible 0.003 mm, about 1/10,000th of an inch! To date, these inexplicable artifacts have been found in their thousands at various sites near the rivers Narada, Kozhim, and Balbanyu, and also by two smaller streams named Vtvisty and Lapkhevozh, mostly at depths between 3 and 12 meters (10 and 40 ft.) This story broke on Russian television as samples were even being excavated live on film. Debris from any sort of rocket launch debris has been ruled out because of the depths where the samples were taken from. The structures have been studied by the Russian Academy of Science in Moscow, Syktyvkar and St. Petersburg and also at the Helsinki Institute in Finland to no avail. The deposits corresponded to the lower region of the Mikulinsk Horizon of the upper Pleistocene Era, suggesting that the objects themselves may be around 100,000 to 300,00 years old. The objects have been studied and compared with every imaginable modern use, their purpose remains unknown. There are numerous other similar out of place artifacts (OOPart) and objects that have been found throughout the world, but their existence has been hidden from the public.

Above is an image from 1941 originating from the Bralorne Pioneer Museum. The photo is particularly an enigma to scientists and investigators because a strange out of place man is seen wearing sunglasses, t-shirt, sweater style and camera not available or common in the area or even from that era, but from decades later. The photographs authenticity was proven by NTV in Russia in 2010 and numerous other scientists. (Amusingly, some critics have proposed theories where the unknown man had gathered various limited edition and very rare expensive items of clothing, camera and designer singlasses and hairstyle from around the world to wear specifically for this bridge opening in a B.C. town and then disappear never to be seen again or witnessed by anyone, which would again make him a time traveler) There have been and are numerous other verified cases of time travel which have been investigated by scientists, yet the results are largely kept secret by governments from the general public or strangely disappear soon after authorities are informed. Later faked and easily debunked instances are presented instead.

As mentioned earlier, there is evidence found throughout the world of ancient civilization remains that are currently submerged underwater. Most of the these massive stone monuments and buildings remains extend back to even before the peak of the Last Glacial Maximum. This is further proof that the Hyperboreans, who we call Cro-Magnon man today, was building advanced cities and civilizations throughout the world. Some of these remains date back to over 25,000 years ago.

A small human image, skillfully formed in clay, was found in 1889 at Nampa, Idaho. The figurine came from the the 300-foot level of a well boring, and dated to be of the Plio-Pleistocene age, about 2 million years ago. G. F. Wright noted, “The image is about an inch and a half long; and remarkable for the perfection with which it represents the human form… It was a female figure, and had the lifelike lineaments in the parts which were finished that would do credit to the classic centers of art. Upon showing the object to Professor F. W. Putnam,” wrote Wright, “he at once directed attention to the character of the incrustations of iron upon the surface as indicative of a relic of considerable antiquity. There were patches of anhydrous red oxide of iron in protected places upon it, such as could not have been formed upon any fraudulent object.

Over the years, especially since the 20th century, there have been numerous instances of images of Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons being found in food items, trees, fruits and vegetables and within other objects. These inexplicable anomalies have dumbfounded experts and defy explanation. 

Above and below are just two examples of the numerous mysterious anomalies which take place throughout the world at any given moment. The vast majority of them seem to conclusively show that they are analogous to various beings making their presence known. They may very well be reminders that "The Old One's" are still on this planet even today in various human and even non-human forms, in whichever form they so choose for their purposes. 

Since the latter part of the 20th century, and since the 1990's especially, there have been numerous anomalies seen in night skies which defy explanation. Many scientists, and even former skeptics, believe these to be the same signs that were seen by the early Europeans and Northern Asian populations tens of thousands of years ago. These mysterious symbols and phantasms seen in the night sky in various places on earth today are thought to be reminders by the "Old Ones" that they are still here, long after they created Cro-Magnon man in Eurasia. Many of the spinning phantasm symbols are exactly the same as the "Pole-Star religion"of the early Hyperboreans, and other spinning symbols seen in the sky also correlate to the ancient symbols presented here thus far. They may very well be omens that todays descendants of the original Hyperboreans may need to be elevated and transformed again in the not too distant future.

There are numerous other examples of "Out of Time" anomaly archeological discoveries that have, and are being made. Remains, information and objects that contradict both Darwinist theories and creationism. The 3rd option of "X"....the alternative "Forbidden Archeology". Metallic objects, jewelry, cups, instruments, combs, ancient writing and much more. They are being found embedded in rocks that are even millions of years old. Evidence of Cro-Magnon man that would extend his history to much further back and in numerous places, even to the New World. Evidence and findings that have even been suppressed until only recently, evidence that sheds new light on his very pre-recorded origins. (All this while devout Darwinist's search for monkey and ape bone fragments or teeth in Africa) This very illuminating and groundbreaking so-called "Forbidden Archeology" may actually be pointing towards evidence that Cro-Magnon has actually been walking the earth in various places for far longer than previously thought. The good news regarding all this, is that now with our available technology, the internet and the instant dissemination of information, a new information epoch will get to the truth much more accurately and faster than ever before. What new amazing remains are waiting to be discovered in the next 100 years?

Anyway, getting back to just Neanderthals, the bottom line and important indisputable fact is that there is Neanderthal DNA in us to this day. (Like I said earlier, the methods and science behind the dating of remains and analysis of evidence is similar to the gathering of data for early Croatian history , so I'm not pushing any theistic viewpoints or personal philosophy. It's all just about the facts and evidences and me being the messenger of the facts. Evidences, facts and scientific results don't make up stories and lie afterall) Through whichever route the DNA of Neanderthals came to be included into the DNA modern man is not primary objective here. What seems to be of more importance is the results, the aftermath, the continuity of the Neanderthal DNA. Actually, considering all this newly discovered archeological information and the scientific results, you may be able to thank the Neanderthals for practically most of the technologies around us. The computer you're reading this on, your smart phone, your car, for jet planes, satellites, electricity, the music coming through your headphones, solar power, nuclear power, televisions, the microwave heating up your peas and ham etc. So the next time you spill some gravy on a table, drop chilli-cheese sauce on your shirt, drop your paintbrush in art class, miss an easy catch, strike out on easy pitches, screw up a trigonometric wave equation to understand cyclical phenomena while doing theoretical physics, screw up a golden ratio or pentagram map equation, then actually quite literally people can say "Hey, what are you? a frikin Neanderthal? and it would not be incorrect or derogatory. (Coincidentally, numerous paleontologists and scientists believe that if Neanderthal man was alive today, because of his brute strength, keen eye and accurate tool and weapon use, he would probably be batting around .857 and hit a home run 9 times out of 10 up to bats in the Major Leagues) The evolving Early European Man and other civilizations owe the Neanderthals a debt of gratitude it seems and they are in our DNA even today. Anyway if you're in the area, take a side trip and check out this new museum. Below is a short sneak peek introductory look at the Krapina Museum before it opens at the end of the month. You can read the attached article for more information.



A girl looks the replica of a neanderthal skull displayed in the new Neanderthal Museum in the northern town of Krapina February 25, 2010. The high-tech, multimedia museum, with exhibitions depicting the evolution from 'Big Bang' to present day, opens on February 27. (Photo: Reuters)

Krapina Cave, located in Hrvatsko Zagoje, Croatia, is home to what is considered “the most spectacular Neanderthal find.” Most hominid discoveries contain scattered and/or shattered bones and, on occasion, a skull. In 1899, Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger uncovered what is now referred to as Krapina Man. This was not the discovery of one man, but the excavation of approximately 884 bones depicting almost 75 different individuals, most of whom died between the ages of sixteen and twenty-four. Gorjanovic-Kramberger had uncovered an entire population. Scientists concluded that these Neandertals went extinct some 30,000 years ago in the face of evolutionary pressure from humans. The species survived for approximately 600,000 years. Remains left by Neanderthals include bone and stone tools, which are found in Eurasia, from Western Europe to Central and Northern Asia. The species is named after Neandertal ("Neander Valley"), the location in Germany where the first one was first discovered.

As shown earlier, scientific results conclusively prove that there is no such thing as a human race and there never was. Rather, scientific results show instead that it is more correct to accurately define it as the "human species", a species with several races and that those races each have variances/characteristics that are inherent to that race because of the various regional evolutions and subsequent DNA microevolutions throughout history.

Erroneous representations from around the turn of the last century, and more accurate depictions on the right. The Neanderthal above was a drawn reconstruction of the La Chapelle-aux-Saints Neanderthal skeleton, discovered in France in 1908, it was published in L'Illustration in 1909, and in the Illustrated London News about a week later. It was done by Frantisek Kupka, based on the work of Marcellin Boule. The drawn gruesome bestial figure wildly exaggerated the primitiveness of Neanderthals. While Neanderthals would look unusual if alive today, we now know that they looked nothing like this caricature.

These beings were simply described as beings of medium size and having a sloping forehead with a chin much less prononced as us today. Yet the anatomy of the Krapina Neandertal is not that simple and has posed many questions. The Krapina man had a remolar space in the lower jaw. The teeth are relatively large and the incisors and canine teeth are the largest of all Ice Age hunters. Scientists, on the basis of the direction of incisors, (in relation to the left and right sides of the jaw), were able to conclude that certain Krapina Neanderthals were right handed, and some left handed.

This further indicates certain features of the neural organization of the brain and the ways in which stone artifacts were used and food bitten. These Neanderthals also possessed barrel-shaped chests and powerful forearms and hands, comparable to their younger European cousins. The Krapina man had a lighter build, larger face with widely separated eyes, and a broad crania. They closely resembled early Homo Sapiens, which has resulted in the speculation that Krapina Neanderthals were direct ancestors of early human populations of Central Europe.

With its multimedia contents, the museum takes its visitors back 130,000 years to the age of the Neanderthals. Displays use a wide variety of Barco visualization solutions to present the ancient history in the most vivid way. The museum also showcases the history of other hominids and extinct animals.

Principal Neanderthal Range: Verified sites and areas with archeological evidence of Neanderthal habitation.

The museum is located at Hušnjakovo, the site where fossilized Neanderthal remains dating back 130,000 years were found. This is the most numerous and most varied collection of such fossils in the world.  

Another controversial characteristic of the Krapina remain in their fragmentary nature. Numerous bones that were discovered around the walls of the cave had been burned and split lengthwise, probably to extract marrow. This may indicate that the Krapina population practiced cannibalism, first labeled by Gorjanovic-Kramberger upon discovery at the turn of the century. Recently, however, the bones have been re-examined by Mary Russel. She came to the conclusion that the Krapina population did not practice cannibalism, rather the bones had been ritually defleshed for a secondary burial ritual. Although this may be a reasonable discovery, Paola Villa questions Russel’s findings. Villa states that the soft tissue necessary for identifying cannibalism was not preserved in the fossil records. 

 The Croatian archeologist, paleontologist and geologist Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger.

Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger commemorated on a Croatian stamp.

Just recently it has been discovered that the Krapina Neanderthal was far healthier than scientists may have suspected. Although individuals have been discovered who survived brutal injuries and have been compared to modern day rodeo bull riders in terms of the damage on their bodies, most were osteologically healthy. Most of the suffering was from normal biomechanical wear due to activities such as getting food, injury and age. Scientists were also able to document one of the earliest benign tumors found on an individual's rib, along with evidence that one individual may have had a surgical amputation of the hand, and several individuals suffered from osteoarthritis.

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